This book provides a critical examination of NATO's evolving strategic and operational roles in the Western Balkans since the disintegration of Yugoslavia in 1991, with a particular focus on Bosnia, Kosovo and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, in both the conflict and post-conflict phases. While there is a myriad of literature available on the various conflicts that engulfed the former Yugoslavia after the collapse of communism, less has been written on NATO's overall role in these conflicts. This text, therefore, fills the gap, offering a thematic study of NATO's roles and duties in this region from the early 1990s to the present day. The 'levels of analysis' introduced by Mulchinock provide a new framework for examining NATO's response to the Yugoslav wars of secession, focusing on the role of key NATO member states and the role of different NATO Secretaries-General, along with the impact of inter-institutional cooperation (and conflict) with other international organisations.
"The book is a fascinating read for anyone interested in NATO or the Yu-goslav wars. It is a comprehensive study of NATO's adjustment to the post-Cold War world, its almost reluctant involvement in the military interventions in Yugoslavia, and its subsequent leading role in peace-keeping missions." (Roos Hoebens, Sudosteuropa, Vol. 66 (1), 2018)
1. Introduction.- 1.1 Structure of this book.- 2. A Reluctance to Intervene: NATO and the First Years of the Yugoslav Conflicts (1990-1994).- 2.1 NATO's transformation in the First Years after the End of the Cold War.- 2.2 A Collective Failure to Respond: The Slovenian and Croatian Wars of Secession (1991-1992).- 2.3 The Consequences of non-Alliance Intervention: Bosnia and the Opposition to the Use of Force (1992-1994).- 2.4 Conclusion.- 3. Bosnia Phase 2 and a More Pro-Active Stance by the Alliance (1994-1995).- 3.1 Increasingly Aggressive Tactics by the Bosnian Serbs (January-April 1994),- 3.2 The Appointment of Willy Claes as the new NATO Secretary-General.- 3.3 The Reckoning (May-September 1995).- Conclusion.- 4. Kosovo - NATO's War (1998-1999).- 4.1 A Slow Burning Conflict (1987-1997).- 4.2 Defiance: Milosevic's Violent Crackdown in the Troubled Province.- 4.3 War: The Breakdown in Relations between Milosevic and the International Community (February-June 1999).- 4.4 The Internal Crisis within NATO and the Individual Policies of Key NATO Member States during the War.- 4.5 Conclusion.- 5. NATO's Peace Support Interventions in the Balkans Since 1995 (Phase 1 Bosnia).- 5.1 Early Alliance Decisions on Hypothetical Peace Support Operations.- 5.2 IFOR and the Initial Implementation of Dayton (1995-1996).- 5.3 Debating Withdrawal and Transition to SFOR.- 5.4 NATO's Wider Tasks (Divided into 5 Areas).- 5.4.1 Security and Refugee Returns.- 5.4.2 Elections.- 5.4.3 Arresting War Criminals (The Radovan Karadzic Case).- 5.4.4 SFOR Counter-Terrorism Operations dater 9/11.- 5.4.5 SFOR's Civilian, Policing and Defence Reform Duties.- 5.5 The Winding Down of SFOR and the Transition to EUFOR.- 5.6 Conclusion.- 6. NATO's Peace Support Interventions in the Balkans Since 1995 (Phase 2 Kosovo).- 6.1 The Background to NATO's Deployment of Forces to Kosovo.- 6.2 Security and Protection of Minority Populations.- 6.3 Elections.- 6.4 Security Sector Reform: Taming the KLA.- 6.5 Kosovo's Political Status.- 6.6 Conclusion.- 7. NATO's Peace Support Interventions in the Balkans Since 1995 (Phase 3 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia).- 7.1 Background to International Intervention.- 7.2 Diplomacy and the Ohrid Agreement.- 7.3 NATO's Operations in Macedonia (August 2001-March 2003).- 7.4 Handing Over to the EU.- 7.5 Conclusion.- 8. Conclusion.- 8.1 Debates Related to the Use of Force and Peace Enforcement Operations.- 8.2 Alliance Politics.- 8.3 NATO's Continued Duties in the Western Balkans