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Multiple Target Tracking with Radar Applications : Radar Library - Samuel Blackman

Multiple Target Tracking with Radar Applications

Radar Library

Hardcover Published: 19th December 1986
ISBN: 9780890061794
Number Of Pages: 464

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Prefacep. xii
The Basics of Multiple-Target Trackingp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Basic Processing Definitionsp. 3
Elements of a Basic MTT Systemp. 4
Overview of Data Association Issuesp. 11
Suggested Further Background Readingp. 16
Referencesp. 16
Methods for Filtering and Predictionp. 19
Introductionp. 19
Fixed-Coefficient Filteringp. 21
Kalman Filteringp. 25
Approximations and Simplifications of Kalman Filteringp. 34
Maneuver Detection and Adaptive Filteringp. 37
Summary and Conclusionsp. 43
Referencesp. 44
Relationship between Equivalent Noise Bandwidth and Acceleration Error Constantp. 46
Choice of Tracking Coordinate System and Filtering State Variablesp. 49
Introductionp. 49
Solution of the Continuous Linear State Equationp. 51
North-East-Down (NED) Coordinate Systemp. 52
Tracking in Cartesian Coordinatesp. 55
Polar Coordinate Systemsp. 56
A Comparative Study of Angle Filtering Methodsp. 65
Tracking with Angle-Only Measurementsp. 72
Summaryp. 72
Referencesp. 73
Tracking Filter Developmentp. 75
Use of Range Rate for NED Velocity Component Estimationp. 80
Gating and Data Associationp. 83
Introductionp. 83
Gating Techniquesp. 84
The Assignment Problemp. 92
Simple Branching or Track Splittingp. 98
Methods for State Estimation and Covariance Modification to Account for Miscorrelationp. 101
Summaryp. 105
Referencesp. 106
Summary of Correlation Statisticsp. 108
Measurement Formation and Processing for Multiple-Target Trackingp. 115
Introductionp. 115
Overview of Feedback between Tracking and Detection Functionsp. 116
Adaptive Thresholding for Enhanced Detection and Tracking Performancep. 117
Measurement Processing for a Clutter Backgroundp. 124
Observation Redundancy Eliminationp. 126
Methods for Determining Target Multiplicity (Range/Range Rate Resolution)p. 129
Target Multiplicity Detection through Monopulse Angle Processingp. 130
Measurement Degradation due to Jet Engine Modulation and Electronic Countermeasuresp. 138
Summaryp. 141
Referencesp. 142
Derivation of Optimal Threshold Settingp. 143
Derivations for Target Multiplicity Detection Methodp. 146
Definitions of Track Life Stages (Track Initiation, Confirmation, Deletion, and Quality)p. 151
Introductionp. 151
Track Confirmation Using Sequential Analysisp. 152
Bayesian Track Confirmationp. 156
Batch Processing Techniques for Track Initiation and Confirmationp. 159
Indicators of Track Quality (Score)p. 168
Track Deletionp. 171
Summaryp. 173
Referencesp. 174
Approximate Distribution for a Weighted Sum of Chi-Square Variablesp. 176
Score Associated with Clutter Point Designationp. 177
Analytic Techniques For System Evaluationp. 179
Introductionp. 179
Covariance Analysisp. 179
Techniques for Estimating Correlation Performancep. 186
Track Confirmation and Retention Statistics Using Markov Chain Techniquesp. 193
Extensions of Markov Chain Techniquesp. 204
Summaryp. 210
Referencesp. 211
Design Of A Detailed Multiple-Target Tracking Simulationp. 213
Introductionp. 213
Generation and Use of Random Numbersp. 213
Modeling the Radar Detection Processp. 217
Monte Carlo Simulation Design and Interpretation of Resultsp. 223
Selection of Evaluation Statisticsp. 228
Simulation Developmentp. 234
Referencesp. 244
A General Technique for Generating Random Numbersp. 245
Derivation of the Correlation Properties of an Exponentially Distributed Random Variablep. 246
A Maximum Likelihood Expression For Data Associationp. 249
Introductionp. 249
Generalized Technique Developmentp. 250
Applicationsp. 260
Development of a Sequential Correlation Techniquep. 264
Extension to Multiple Observation-to-Track Correlationsp. 274
Summaryp. 279
Referencesp. 280
The Bayesian Probabilistic Approachp. 281
Introductionp. 281
Multiple Hypothesis Trackingp. 283
The All-Neighbors Data Association Approach (PDA, JPDA)p. 299
Concluding Remarksp. 305
Referencesp. 306
Group Trackingp. 309
Introductionp. 309
Centroid Group Trackingp. 312
Formation Group Trackingp. 317
Summary and Extensionsp. 324
Referencesp. 325
Processing for the Centroid Group Tracking Methodp. 325
Applications Of The Radar Electronically Scanned Antenna To Multiple-Target Trackingp. 329
Introductionp. 329
Enhancing Radar Detection with the ESAp. 331
Adaptive Sampling with the ESAp. 333
ESA Techniques for Improving Nearest-Neighbor Correlation Performancep. 342
Implementation of Multiple-Target Tracking Logic for an ESA Systemp. 351
Summaryp. 355
Referencesp. 356
The Use Of Multiple Sensors For Multiple-Target Trackingp. 357
Introductionp. 357
Sensor-Level and Central-Level Multiple Sensor Fusionp. 359
Implementation of Sensor-Level Trackingp. 363
Fusion and Correlation for Data Including Attributesp. 368
The Dempster-Shafer (Evidential Reasoning) Methodp. 380
Sensor Allocationp. 387
Summaryp. 392
Referencesp. 393
Track Fusion Relationshipsp. 395
Special Topicsp. 397
Introductionp. 397
A Solution for the Optimal Assignment Problemp. 397
An Implementation Method for Multiple Hypothesis Trackingp. 402
MTT Implementation in Dense Target Environmentsp. 421
A Total System Architecture Including Multiple-Target Trackingp. 429
Referencesp. 432
Glossaryp. 433
Indexp. 441
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890061794
ISBN-10: 0890061793
Series: Radar Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 19th December 1986
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 0.8