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Mortuary Monuments and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period : Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory, and Technique - Harold Mytum

Mortuary Monuments and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period

Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory, and Technique

Paperback Published: 31st December 2003
ISBN: 9780306480768
Number Of Pages: 274

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For too long graveyard studies have been seen as an eccentric byway rather than a specialist subject area with as much to contribute as the study of ceramics, building types or faunal remains. As a category of material evidence with variety of form, decoration and text, it is suitable for many forms of analysis. Graveyard memorials form a rich seam of archaeological evidence, but publication is often in a local format. The situating of mortuary studies within the local is both valuable and stimulating, but it can mean that valuable studies of interest to others are not discovered.

This practical volume focuses on the study of historic burial ground monuments but also covers some below ground archaeology, as some projects will involve the study of both. The linking between above and below ground data has rarely been achieved, and the integration of graveyard data within settlement and landscape archaeology has also been likewise rarely attempted. Some areas covered are:
-A brief history and theoretical approached to historic mortuary archaeology;
-Attitudes to death, the body and remembrance;
-How to carry out a study;
-Conservation, education, and display.

Mortuary Monuments and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period will be an incomparable source for academic archaeologists, cultural resource and heritage management archaeologists, government heritage agencies, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of archaeology focused on the historic or post-medieval period, as well as forensic researchers and anthropologists.

List Of Figures
List Of Tables
Introduction
A Brief History - Historical Mortuary Archaeology
Antiquarian interests
The Origins and Development of Contemporary Research
Theoretical Approaches
Culture-history
Functionalist Approaches
Structuralist Approaches
Marxist Approaches
Symbolic studies
Other recently developed approaches
Summary
Folk Traditions and High Culture: Funerary and Commemorative Practice to the Early 18th Century
Death
The Good Death
The Funeral Mourning Dress and Funeral Expenditure
Burial Grounds
Location
Spatial Arrangement
Burial
Internal Memorials
Materials
Forms
External Memorials
Materials
Forms
Decoration and Symbols
Conclusions
A Maturing Industry: the Mid 18th century to Early 20th Century
The Funeral
The Coffin and Preparation of the Body
Increasing Commercialisation
Popular Fears Regarding Burial
Mourning
Mourning Jewelry
Other Mourning Material Culture
Commemoration
Burial Grounds and Cemeteries
Location
Intra-site spatial arrangement
Internal Memorials
Materials
Form and style
External Memorials
Materials
Forms
Decoration and Symbols
Text
Conclusions
A Marginalized Activity: From After World War I
The Funeral
The Context of Death
Changes in Organization
Coffins and Caskets
Choices in Body Disposal
Mourning
Commemoration
Burial Grounds and Cemeteries
Location
Intra-site Spatial Arrangement
Internal Memorials
External Memorials
Materials
Forms
Decoration and Symbols
Text
Conclusions
V: Production and Consumption
Funerary and Mourning Paraphernalia
Coffins and Fittings
Mourning Paraphernalia
Commemoration
Materials and the Process of Monument Manufacture
Production and the Role of Carvers
Commissioning and Production of Monuments
Temporal Change
Spatial Change
Regional Studies
Distribution of Carvers'' Products
Intra-site Patterns
Conclusions
VI
The Relationship between Living Communities and Burial Ground Populations
Status
Family Structures
Scale of Family
Male Roles
Female Roles
Children
Family Relationships
Institutional Structures
Patterns of Dependency
Social Hierarchies
Elite Burial
Pauper Burial
Necrogeography
Emulation
Identities
Religious Affiliation
Christian denominations
Other religions
Combined burial grounds
Ethnicity
Linguistic Group
Vocational Identity
Religious leaders
Military
Other identities
Conclusions
Attitudes to Death, the Body and Remembrance
The Manner of Death
The good death
Attitudes to the Body
Interment
Cremation
The Unburied Body
The Body through Representation
Symbolism and Epitaphs
Grave Refurbishment
Conclusions
Carrying Out a Study
Methodological Issues
Dating
Location
Classification of Memorials
Demography
Project Fieldwork Planning
Types of Study
Preparatory Work
Health and Safety
Etiquette in the Burial Ground
Sampling
Spatial Sampling
Sample Size versus Sample Detail
Student Projects
Excavation
Survey
Surface mapping
Geophysical survey
Photography
Researching Memorials
Written Recording
Images
Analysis
Excavation
Conservation, Education and Display
Ethics and Methods of Conservation
Landscape Conservation
Memorials
Historic Burial Grounds in Education
Mathematics
Science
Information Technology
Social History
Religion
Art
Literature
Folklife
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306480768
ISBN-10: 030648076X
Series: Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory, and Technique
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 274
Published: 31st December 2003
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.32 x 15.9  x 1.55
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 22