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Morphology by Itself : Stems and Inflectional Classes - Mark Aronoff

Morphology by Itself

Stems and Inflectional Classes

Paperback

Published: 2nd December 1993
For Ages: 18+ years old
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Most recent research in generative morphology has avoided the treatment of purely morphological phenomena and has focused instead on interface questions, such as the relation between morphology and syntax or between morphology and phonology. In this monograph Mark Aronoff argues that linguists must consider morphology by itself, not merely as an appendage of syntax and phonology, and that linguistic theory must allow for a separate and autonomous morphological component. Following a general introductory chapter, Aronoff examines two narrow classes of morphological phenomena to make his case: stems and inflectional classes. Concentrating first on Latin verb morphology, he argues that morphological stems are neither syntactic nor phonological units. Next, using data from a number of languages, he underscores the traditional point that the inflectional class of a word is not reducible to its syntactic gender. He then explores in detail the phonologically motivated nominal inflectional class system of two languages of Papua New Guinea (Arapeshand Yimas) and the precise nature of the relation between this system and the corresponding gender system. Finally, drawing on a number of Semitic languages, Aronoff argues that the verb classes of these languages are purely inflectional although they are partly motivated by derivational and syntactic considerations. Mark Aronoff is Professor of Linguistics at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Series Foreword
Preface
Abbreviations
Introductionp. 1
Preliminary Termsp. 5
Separationist Morphology and Lexemesp. 8
Other Basic Morphological Termsp. 11
Lexical, Lexemic, and the Lexiconp. 16
The Morphomic Levelp. 22
Stems in Latin Verbal Morphologyp. 31
Priscianic Formation of Latin Future, Active Participlesp. 31
Stems in Lexeme-Based Morphologyp. 33
The Stem and Related Notionsp. 39
Stems and the Permanent Lexiconp. 41
Empty Morphsp. 44
Semantics and the Latin Basic Stem Typesp. 54
Phonologically Specific Stemsp. 58
Gender and Nominal Inflectional Classesp. 61
Terminologyp. 64
Two Simple Examples of the Relation between Gender and Inflectional Classp. 66
Hebrew, a Language without Nominal Inflectional Classesp. 75
Latin Nominal Inflectionp. 79
Gender, Inflection, and Phonological Form in Two Languages of Papua New Guinea: Arapesh and Yimasp. 89
Arapesh Gender as Revealed through Agreementp. 90
Inflectional Classes by Themselvesp. 104
Sex, Gender, and Inflectional Classp. 111
Word Formationp. 112
Yimasp. 114
Binyanim as Inflectional Classesp. 123
The Term Binyan and Its Meaningp. 123
The Hebrew Binyan Systemp. 124
The Abstract Nature of the Binyanp. 134
Qal Stem Templatesp. 141
Variap. 147
Aramaic Binyanimp. 150
Syriacp. 151
Modern Aramaicp. 154
Michal: A Semitic Language without Binyanimp. 160
Conclusionp. 165
Notesp. 171
Referencesp. 197
Indexp. 207
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262510721
ISBN-10: 0262510723
Series: Morphology by Itself
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 230
Published: 2nd December 1993
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.7 x 15.0  x 1.3
Weight (kg): 0.34