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Morphological Theory : An Introduction to Word Structure in Generative Grammar - Andrew Spencer

Morphological Theory

An Introduction to Word Structure in Generative Grammar

Paperback

Published: 21st October 2016
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This is the first near-exhaustive introduction to the burgeoning field of morphology in generative grammar. Presupposing very little prior knowledge in linguistics, the book guides the reader from absolute basics to the most recent theoretical developments. Written in an accessible style, and including a wealth of exercises, this textbook is designed so that it can be used either on courses explicitly focussed on morphology or as an adjunct to other courses, particularly in generative syntax and in phonology.The book opens with an account of the phenomena studied by morphologists, an outline of classical problems and an introduction to the earliest models of morphology proposed within the generative paradigm. Its second part deals with the interface between morphology and phonology and includes a detailed discussion of Lexical Phonology, and related models, as well as a variety of types of nonconcatenative morphology. Part III begins with a comprehensive introduction to more recent theories of word structure, including inflectional morphology. Subsequent chapters examine the interface between morphology and syntax, exploring the processes which affect grammatical relations, such as passives and causatives. Further chapters examine compounding processes and the morphology, phonology and syntax of clitic systems. The final part of the book includes a full discussion of 'bracketing paradoxes' and closes with a survey of models of morphology and competing views of the place of morphology in linguistic theory.In the second edition, the following revisions will be made. The first five chapters will be updated and shortened. Chapters 6 ('Later generative theories') and 7 ('Grammatical relations') will be replaced with new chapters entitled 'Inflection' and 'Argument structure'. An entirely new chapter with the working title 'Derivational morphology and lexical relatedness' will be added. Chapters 8 and 9 will be updated. Chapters 10 and 11 will be eliminated, with some of the material incorporated into earlier chapters. These revisions will serve to update the book as well as to tighten up the overall structure.

Preface
Abbreviations
The Domain of Morphology
Word Structure
Morphemes, Morphs and Allomorphy
Types of Morphological Operation
Inflection and Derivation
Morphemes: Things or Rules?
Morphological Formatives: Morphemes as Things
Morphological Formatives: Morphemes as Rules
Summary
Functions of Morphology - Morphosyntax
Summary
Basic Concepts and Pre-Generative Approaches
Introduction
Morphological Typology
Morphemes, Words and The Lexicon
Morphemes and Allomorphy
The Nature of Words
The Lexicon
Structuralist Theories
The Three Models
Morphophonemics
Summary
Exercises
Early Generative Approaches
Phonology and Syntax in the Standard Theory
The Standard Theory in Outline
The SPE Model of Phonology
Morphosyntax in the Standard Theory
Chomsky's 'Remarks on Nominalization': Lexicalist Grammar
Generative Semantics and Lexical Transformations
Lexicalism
Concluding Remarks on 'Remarks'
Halle's 'Prolegomena'
Siegel's Level Ordering Hypothesis
Aronoff's Word Formation in Generative Grammar
The Model in Outline
The Form and Function of WFRs
Justifying the Model
The 'Classical' Model of Generative Morphology
Conclusions
Exercises
The Morphology-Phonology Interface
Approaches to Allomorphy
Introduction
The SPE Model
Natural Generative Phonology
Lexical Phonology
Kiparsky's Alternation Condition
Cyclic Phonology and Lexical Phonology
Lexical Phonology: Summary
Morpholexical Phonology
Allomophy in Natural Morphology
Zwigy's Shape Conditions
Summary
Exercises
Nonlinear Approaches to Morphology
Introduction
The Autosegmental Approach to Morphology
McCarthy's Theory
Some Theoretical Consequences of McCarthy's Approach
Reduplication
Further Applications of Nonconcantenative Morphology
Alternations Affecting Melody Elements
Alternations Affecting the CV Skeleton
Tones as Morphemes
Prospect
Summary
Exercises
The Morphology-Syntax Interface
Later Generative Theories
Introduction
Basic Issues
Problems with Level Ordering
Constituent Structure in Morphology
Argument Structure
The Nature of Inflection
The Constituent Structure of Words
Psg Approaches
Lieber's 'Organization of the Lexicon'
Syntactic Affixation
Template Morphology
Approaches to Inflection
Basic Issues
Anderson's 'Extended Word-and-Paradigm' Theory
Paradigms as Systems
Paradigm Economy
Summary
Exercises
Grammatical Relations
Introduction
Overview of the Phenomena
Theoretical Preliminaries
Representing Grammatical Relations
Transformational Theories of Passive
The Unaccusative Hypothesis
Matantz's Theory
Introduction
Affix-Mediated Alternations
Morphological Merger: Causatives
Morphological Merger: Applied Verbs
Baker's Incorporation Theory:
The Basic Principles
PF Identification
Causatives
Applicatives (Applied Verbs)
Passives and Antipassives
Conclusions
Lexical Approaches to Valency Alternations
Valency Alternations in the Llexicon
Williams's Theory
Excursus on Adjectival Passives (Levin and Rappaport)
Conclusions: Syntactic and Lexical Approaches
Exercises
Compounds
Introduction
Overview of Compound Types
Basic Concepts
Compounding in Turkish
Root Compounds
English Synthetic Compounds
Introduction
Roeper and Siegel (1978)
Selkirk (1982)
Lieber (1983)
Di Sciullo and Williams (1987)
Syntactic Approaches
Fabb (1984)
Sproat (1985a)
Roeper (1988)
Postscript on Inheritance
Roeper (1987)
Semantically Based Accounts of Inheritance
Summary and Conclusions
Exercises
Clitics
Introduction
Four Case Studies
Serbo-Croat
Macedonian
Portuguese
Polish
R?sum?
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780631229292
ISBN-10: 0631229299
Series: Blackwell Textbooks in Linguistics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 576
Published: 21st October 2016
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.6 x 17.1
Edition Number: 2