An expanded edition of revered theorist Michael Löwy's Morning Star: Marxism and Surrealism (previously published in French, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, and Greek), this masterwork collects the author's essays on the ways in which surrealism intersected with a variety of revolutionary political approaches, ranging from utopian ideals to Marxism and situationism. Taking its title from André Breton's essay "Arcane 17," which casts the star as the searing firebrand of rebellion, Löwy's provocative work spans many perspectives. These include surrealist artists who were deeply interested in Marxism and anarchism (Breton among them), as well as Marxists who were deeply interested in surrealism (Walter Benjamin in particular).
Probing the dialectics of innovation, diversity, continuity, and unity throughout surrealism's international presence, Morning Star also incorporates analyses of Claude Cahun, Guy Debord, Pierre Naville, José Carlos Mariátegui and others, accompanied by numerous reproductions of surrealist art. An extraordinarily rich collection, Morning Star promises to ignite new dialogues regarding the very nature of dissent.
Introduction: Surrealism and Romantic Anticapitalism Don LaCoss 1. Breaking Out of the Steel Cage! 2. Morning Star: The New Myth from Romanticism to Surrealism 3. The Libertarian Marxism of Andre Breton 4. Incandescent Flame: Surrealism as a Romantic Revolutionary Movement 5. The Revolution and the Intellectuals: Pierre Naville's Revolutionary Pessimism and Surrealism 6. Claude Cahun: The Extreme Point of the Needle 7. Vincent Bounoure: A Sword Planted in the Snow 8. Ody Saban: A Spring Ritual 9. Consumed by Night's Fire: The Dark Romanticism of Guy Debord 10. International Surrealism Since 1969 Notes Bibliography Index