This volume presents the proceedings of the Workshop on Momentum Distributions held on October 24 to 26, 1988 at Argonne National Laboratory. This workshop was motivated by the enormous progress within the past few years in both experimental and theoretical studies of momentum distributions, by the growing recognition of the importance of momentum distributions to the characterization of quantum many-body systems, and especially by the realization that momentum distribution studies have much in common across the entire range of modern physics. Accordingly, the workshop was unique in that it brought together researchers in nuclear physics, electronic systems, quantum fluids and solids, and particle physics to address the common elements of momentum distribution studies. The topics dis- cussed in the workshop spanned more than ten orders of magnitude range in charac- teristic energy scales. The workshop included an extraordinary variety of interactions from Coulombic to hard core repulsive, from non-relativistic to extreme relativistic.
Momentum Distributions: An Overview.- Momentum Distribution Theory.- Overview of Momentum Distribution Calculations.- Momentum Distributions in Quantum Liquids from Green's Function Monte Carlo Calculations.- The Momentum Distribution of 4He at Non-zero Temperature.- Momentum Distributions in Liquid 4He at Low Temperatures: Variational Methods.- Impulse Approximation and Corrections.- X and Y Scaling.- Final State Effects in Quantum Fluids.- Approach to the Impulse Approximation in Quantum Solids and Fluids.- Quantum Fluids and Solids.- Momentum Distributions in Liquid Helium.- Neutron Scattering Studies of n(p) at Reactor Sources.- Nuclear Physics.- Momentum Distributions from Quasielastic Electron-Nucleus Scattering.- What Would We Like to Know About n(p) in Nuclear Physics?.- Hydrogenic Systems.- Hydrogen and Hydrogen Impurities in Rare Gases.- Hydrogen Potential in ?-V2H Studied by Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering.- Theory of Momentum Distributions and their Measurement for Hydrogen in Solids.- Electronic Systems.- Momentum Distributions in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems: Heavy Fermions, Mott Insulators and High Temperature Superconductors.- X-Ray Compton Scattering from Condensed Matter Systems.- Measuring the Momentum Distribution of the Unpaired Spin Electrons in Ferromagnets using Synchrotron Radiation.- Positron and Positronium Momentum Spectroscopy in Solids: An Overview.- Fermi Surfaces by Positron Annihilation in YBa2Cu3Ox.- Experimental Techniques for Momentum Distributions.- Neutron Experimental Techniques for n(p).- The Determination of Electron Momentum Density Distributions.- Experimental Determination of Momentum Distributions in Nuclear Physics.- Contributed Papers.- Resolution in Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering using Pulsed Neutron Sources.- Contribution of Meson Exchange Currents to the Nuclear Quasielastic Peak.- Single-Particle Strength and Nuclear Response Functions.- High Energy Inelastic Neutron Scattering from Hydrogen in Cesium Intercalated Graphite.- Initial State Effects in Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering.- On the Approach to the Scaling Limit of the Response of Quantum Gases.- Generalized Momentum Distributions.- Final-State Effects in Deep-Inelastic Neutron Scattering.- Determination of Momentum Distributions from Deep Inelastic Neutron Scattering Experiments - a Bayesian Study.- Time Evolution of the Momentum Distribution of a Bose Gas Near Condensation.- Final State Effects in Liquid 4He: An Experimental Test.- Momentum Distributions of Liquid 4He in Aerogel Glass.- Wrap-Up.- Summary: Workshop on Momentum Distributions.- Participants.
Series: Biology; 260
Number Of Pages: 414
Published: 1st January 1990
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 1.71