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Molecular Markers, Natural History and Evolution - John C. Avise

Molecular Markers, Natural History and Evolution

Hardcover Published: 31st October 1993
ISBN: 9780412037719
Number Of Pages: 511

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Molecular approaches have opened new windows on a host of ecological and evolutionary disciplines, ranging from population genetics and behavioral ecology to conservation biology and systematics.
Molecular Markers, Natural History and Evolution summarizes the multi-faceted discoveries about organisms in nature that have stemmed from analyses of genetic markers provided by polymorphic proteins and DNAs. The first part of the book introduces rationales for the use of molecular markers, provides a history of molecular phylogenetics, and describes a wide variety of laboratory methods and interpretative tools in the field. The second and major portion of the book provides a cornucopia of biological applications for molecular markers, organized along a scale from micro-evolutionary topics (such as forensics, parentage, kinship, population structure, and intra-specific phylogeny) to macro-evolutionary themes (including species relationships and the deeper phylogenetic structure in the tree of life). Unlike most prior books in molecular evolution, the focus is on organismal natural history and evolution, with the macromolecules being the means rather than the ends of scientific inquiry. Written as an intellectual stimulus for the advanced undergraduate, graduate student, or the practicing biologist desiring a wellspring of research ideas at the interface of molecular and organismal biology, this book presents material in a manner that is both technically straightforward, yet rich with concepts and with empirical examples from the world of nature.

`...a splendid and timely overview of the impact of molecular techniques on traditional biology.' New Scientist

Preface
Introductionp. 3
Why Employ Molecular Genetic Markers?p. 5
Why Not Employ Molecular Genetic Markers?p. 15
History of Molecular Phylogeneticsp. 16
Debates and Diversions from Molecular Systematicsp. 17
Molecular Phylogeneticsp. 40
Molecular Toolsp. 44
Protein Assaysp. 44
DNA Assaysp. 53
References to Laboratory Protocolsp. 90
Interpretive Toolsp. 92
Categorical Subdivisions of Molecular Genetic Datap. 92
Molecular Clocksp. 100
Procedures for Phylogeny Reconstructionp. 109
Gene Trees Versus Species Treesp. 126
Individuality and Parentagep. 141
Genetic Identity Versus Non-Identityp. 141
Parentagep. 168
Kinship and Intraspecific Phylogenyp. 190
Close Kinship and Family Structurep. 190
Geographic Population Structure and Gene Flowp. 204
Phylogeographyp. 233
Microtemporal Phylogenyp. 248
Speciation and Hybridizationp. 252
The Speciation Processp. 257
Hybridization and Introgressionp. 280
Species Phylogenies and Macroevolutionp. 306
Rationales for Phylogeny Estimationp. 307
Special Approaches to Phylogeny Estimationp. 331
Prospectus for a Global Phylogenyp. 350
Special Topics in Molecular Phylogeneticsp. 352
Conservation Geneticsp. 361
Issues of Heterozygosityp. 362
Issues of Phylogenyp. 370
Literature Citedp. 399
Index to Taxonomic Generap. 501
General Indexp. 507
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780412037719
ISBN-10: 0412037718
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 511
Published: 31st October 1993
Publisher: Chapman and Hall
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.87
Weight (kg): 2.01