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Molecular and Structural Archaeology : Cosmetic and Therapeutic Chemicals - Georges Tsoucaris

Molecular and Structural Archaeology

Cosmetic and Therapeutic Chemicals

By: Georges Tsoucaris (Editor), Janusz Lipkowski (Editor)

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Published: 31st October 2003
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Recent progress in the analysis and structural characterisation of materials has an increasing impact on studies of archaeological specimens. A need to embody such research into a new interdisciplinary field has appeared. In this ARW we intended to bring together archaeologists and historians with physicists, chemists, crystallographers and pharmacists, around the theme of structural information on complex archaeological materials. Within this vast area, the ARW has mainly focused on cosmetic-therapeutic chemicals. The objectives of this NATO ARW were twofold: - Delineating the contour of molecular and structural archaeology as an emerging interdisciplinary field based on structural analysis at the molecular level. - Examining novel methodologies to reconstruct the scenario of synthesis and transformation in the long term of compounds used in antiquity for health and beauty. The strong interdisciplinarity of this meeting has been greatly favoured by the NATO ARW organisation allowing the mixing of different fields and disciplines with convergent general goals. This Workshop has shown that the molecular and structural sensibility is a powerful tool towards the setting, and often the solution, of difficult archaeological and historical problems. Ten different nationalities (Europe, Egypt, USA) were represented in the ARW, and this mixing has contributed to the large range of subjects and archaeological contexts. Thus, a mutual interaction between Archaeology and Physical Sciences is expected. The most obvious part is associated with extended use of any possible technique and method to get as much information about the archaeological samples as possible.

Preface
Inventing a science of make-up
Etruscan gold dental appliances
Preparation and use of perfumes and perfumed substances in ancient Egypt
Analysis of different materials used in ancient Egypt
Pigments in artwork, cosmetics and archaeology: the role of Raman microscopy in their identification
A multidisciplinary approach to pigment analysis: king's yellow and dragon's blood from the Windsor and Newton pigment box at the Victoria and Albert Museum
Multispectra spectroscopy through tunable multispectral reflectoscopy 200 nm and 3500 nm
Spectroscopic techniques for the investigation of Sicilian cultural heritage: two different applications
A non-destructive analysis by neutron diffraction inside make-up containers in ancient Egypt
Unveiling the structure of ancient lead pigments
Example of "lead white"
M÷ssbauer spectra of two ancient ceramic products from Moldova
Is supramolecular organisation a key factor for long term preservation?
Asru: an Egyptian temple chantress: modern spectrometric studies as part of the Manchester Egyptian Mummy Research Project
Metal threads in historical textiles
New, synchrotron-based imaging techniques and archaeology
The use of focused X-ray beams for non-destructive characterization of historical materials
Advances in art and archaeology using X-ray synchrotron radiation
Microstructure determined by X-ray diffraction peak profile analysis: a fingerprint in archaeology
SR-based molecular speciation of archaeomaterials
Recent achievement and perspectives in synchrotron radiation X-ray absorption spectroscopy
The emergence of pathogenic bacteria and their impact on human civilization: the case of plague bacillus Yersinia pestis
Supramolecular chemistry, chirality and archaeology
Invisible in archaeological ceramics: research problems
Molecular characterisation of materials: a new challenge for analytical chemistry
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402014994
ISBN-10: 1402014996
Series: NATO Science Series II
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 31st October 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.65
Weight (kg): 0.91