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Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neuronal Plasticity : Basic and Clinical Implications - Yigal H. Ehrlich

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Neuronal Plasticity

Basic and Clinical Implications

By: Yigal H. Ehrlich (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st March 1999
ISBN: 9780306460401
Number Of Pages: 229

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Numerous studies have proven the biological basis of memory formation and have begun to identify the biochemical traces and cellular circuits that are formed by experience, and which participate int the storage of information in the brain, its retention for long durations, and its retrieval upon demand. Cells in the nervous system have the capability of undergoing extremely long-lasting alterations in response to hormonal, pharmacological, and environmental stimulations. The mechanisms underlying this neuronal plasticity are activated by experiential inputs and operate in the process of learning and the formation of memories in the brain. This volume presents research areas which have not been highlighted in the past. In addition to studies on the involement of functional proteins in neuronal adaptation, this volume presents recent developments on the critical roles of bioactive lipids and nucleotides in these processes. In addition to the widely studied role of second messengers, a review of studies on extracellular phosphorylation systems operating on the surface of brain neurons is presented.The first section of the volume presents studies of basic mechanisms operating in a wide range of adaptive processes. The second section presents recent advances in investigations that have demonstrated the clinical implications of this research. These include: state of the art use of transgenic models in studies of molecular and cellular mechanisms implicated in familial Alzheimer's disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; studies of specific proteins implicated in Alzheimer's disease, including an adapter that binds to the beta-amyloid precurser protein (beta-APP) and the microtubular protein Tau and its membrane-bound counterpart. The advantages of using cell culture models for elucidating the causes of neuronal degeneration and for identifying mechanisms of neuroprotection are also presented among the chapters in the section on clinical implications.

Molecular Specificity of Synaptic Changes Responsible for Associative Memoryp. 1
Behavioral and Mechanistic Bases of Long-Term Habituation in the Crab Chasmagnathusp. 17
Bioactive Lipids and Gene Expression in Neuronal Plasticityp. 37
Surface Protein Phosphorylation by Ecto-Protein Kinases: Role in Neuronal Development and Synaptic Plasticityp. 51
Extracellular ATP-Induced Apoptosis in PC12 Cellsp. 73
The Role of the Neural Growth Associated Protein B-50/Gap-43 in Morphogenesisp. 85
Avian Hippocampus as a Model to Study Spatial Orientation-Related Synaptic Plasticityp. 107
Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors in the Plasticity of Excitatory Responses in the Hippocampus: Clinical Impactp. 131
Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Alzheimers Disease: Transgenic Modelsp. 145
Proteins Implicated in Alzheimer Disease: The Role of FE65, a New Adapter which Binds to [beta]-Amyloid Precursor Proteinp. 161
Influence of Phospholipids and Sequential Kinase Activities on Tau in Vitrop. 181
Cell Culture Models of Neuronal Degeneration and Neuroprotection: Implications for Parkinson's Diseasep. 203
Aging and Dementia of the Alzheimer Type: In Persons with Mental Retardationp. 223
Indexp. 227
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306460401
ISBN-10: 0306460408
Series: Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology (Springer)
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 229
Published: 31st March 1999
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.52