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Moessbauer Spectroscopy of Environmental Materials and Their Industrial Utilization - Enver Murad

Moessbauer Spectroscopy of Environmental Materials and Their Industrial Utilization

Hardcover Published: 31st December 2003
ISBN: 9781402077265
Number Of Pages: 418

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Moessbauer Spectroscopy of Environmental Materials and their Industrial Utilization provides a description of the properties of materials formed on the earth's surface, their synthetic analogs where applicable, and the products of their modifications in the course of natural processes, such as weathering, or in industrial processing as reflected in their Moessbauer spectra. Particular emphasis is placed on the way in which these processes can be observed and elucidated through the use of Moessbauer spectroscopy.

The first chapter covers the basic theory of the Moessbauer effect and Chapters 2 and 3 deal with the nuts and bolts of experimental Moessbauer spectroscopy. The principles of these first three chapters, illustrated with many case studies, are applied to different areas of interest in Chapters 4 through 12.

The book is directed to a broad audience ranging from graduate students in environmental sciences or chemical engineering with little or no expertise in Moessbauer spectroscopy to researchers from other disciplines who are familiar with this technique but wish to learn more about possible applications to environmental materials and issues.

From the reviews: What is the niche for Mossbauer spectroscopy in the study of minerals and their products? Why is it currently under-utilized in areas such as mineral processing? These two questions, put by the authors in the introduction of the book, serve as a guiding line through all 12 chapters. The authors are well known researchers in the Mossbauer community... The Data Analysis and Interpretation chapter is highly recommended reading for all Mossbauer spectroscopists working in any application area. The problems of ambiguity of spectra interpretation are usually under-addressed in publications... Backed up by 966 references, 37 book references, 19 major review references, and 14 major conference proceedings, the book is also a valuable source of reference information. From Mossbauer Spectroscopy Newsletter, June 2005 (Volume 28, Number 6) "This book is devoted to ! the technique and practice of Mossbauer spectroscopy, and these alone make the book worth buying. For anyone wishing for an in-depth discussion of this technique ! this book will be invaluable. ! The applications presented are useful ! . This book will be most useful to mineralogists (and their students) ! . The background presented here will provide an excellent jumping-off point for further explorations into the many different applications of this technique." (M. Darby Dyar, American Mineralogist, Vol. 93, 2008)

Introduction
List of Contents
Symbols and Abbreviations
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Theory and Characteristics of the Mössbauer Effect
Theory of the Mössbauer Effect
Magnetism
Hyperfine Interactions
Relaxation Effects
Line Intensities
Diffusional Broadening
Mössbauer Spectroscopy in Mineralogy and Minerals Processing
Summary
Mossbauer Instrumentation
General Considerations
Source and Reference Absorber
Conventional Spectrometers
Other Spectrometers
Sample Environment
Sample preparation
Summary
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Fitting using Simple Lorentzians
Tests of Goodness of Fit
Convolution and Deconvolution
Thickness Effects and Recoilless Fraction
Fitting of Thickness Broadened Lines
Fitting of Lines Broadened by a Hyperfine Parameter Distribution
Magnetic Relaxation and Superparamagnetism
The Non Uniqueness Problem
Problems in Fitting and Interpretation
Presentation of Results
Summary
Bulk and Clay Sized Phyllosilicates
1:1 Minerals: Kaolinite
2:1 Minerals: Illite
Montmorillonite
Nontronite
Summary
Iron Oxides and Oxyhydroxides
Anhydrous Oxides: Hematite
Magnetite
Maghemite
Oxyhydroxides: Goethite
Ferrihydrite
Summary
Sediments
Terrestrial Sediments
Freshwater Sediments
Marine Sediments
Airborne Particles
Summary
Soils and Clays
Soils
Clays
Summary
Weathering
Silicate Weathering
Sulfide Weathering and Acid Mine Drainage
Summary
Metastable Materials
Green Rusts
Fine Particle Magnetite
Anoxic Sediments
Fe2+ Sulfates Produced by Acid Mine Drainage
Summary
Coal
Coal Characterization
Heat and Chemical Treatment
Hydroliquefaction
Summary
Clay Firing
Individual Minerals: Kaolinite
Illite
Montmorillonite
Nontronite
Samples of Complex Mineralogy
Summary
Mineral processing
Introduction
Iron Ores
Titanium Ores
Other Processing Operations Involving Iron
Gold
Summary
References
Index.
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402077265
ISBN-10: 1402077262
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 418
Published: 31st December 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.82
Weight (kg): 1.76