Modern Theories of Drama concentrates on the developments in dramatic theory over the last 150 years, providing a crucial resource for students of drama and theatre studies. From Aristotle's Poetics onwards, drama - especially 'serious' drama - has been encased in a framework of theory, although the more popular forms of theatre have often chosen to ignore this. However, from the eighteenth century until the present day, theoretical questioning of the 'rules' (Aristotelian and other) has constantly grown in scope and strength. This attack was to become more and more vigorous in the second half of the nineteenth century and reach gale force in the twentieth. Different audience profiles and new performance venues; innovative methods of presentation; a changing sense of the purposes of drama and of its philosophical content, have resulted in the striking instability of theory which confronts us today. Quite new concepts have arisen in this century, seemingly outdated ones have been resurrected.
Part I: Introduction
Richard Wagner: The Work of Art of the Future
Georges Polti: The Thirty-Six Dramatic Situations
Ferdinand Brunetière: The Law of the Drama
Henri Bergson: The Comic in Situations
Eric Bentley: Melodrama
Jean-Paul Sartre: For a Theatre of Situations
Friedrich Dürrenmatt: Theatre Problems
Howard Barker: Theatre Without a Conscience
Victor Turner: Are There Universals of Performance in Myth, Ritual, and Drama?
Part II: Varieties of Realism
Friedrich Hebbel: The Relationship of Dramatic Art to its Age and Allied Matters
Ëmile Zola: Naturalism
August Strindberg: Author's Preface to `Miss Julie'
George Bernard Shaw: Against the Well-Made Play
Arthur Miller: `Death of a Salesman': A Modern Tragedy?
Part III: Anti-Naturalism
Maurice Maeterlinck: The Tragical in Daily Life
William Butler Yeats: The Theatre
William Butler Yeats: Certain Nobel Plays of Japan
Vsevolod Emilievich Meyerhold: On the Theatre: The Fairground Booth
Edward Gordon Craig: The Art of the Theatre: The First Dialogue
Adolphe Appia: Organic Unity
Eugene O'Neill: Memoranda on Masks
Eugene O'Neill: A Dramatist's Notebook
August Strindberg: Author's Note to `A Dream Play'
Alfred Jarry: On the Futility of the `Theatrical' in the Theatre
Guillaume Apollinaire: Preface and Prologue to `The Breasts of Tiresias'
Yvan Goll: Preface to Die Unsterblichen (`The Immortals')
Yvan Goll: Preface to `Methusalem, The Eternal Bourgeois'
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, with Emilio Settimelli and Bruno Corra: The Futurist Synthetic Theatre
Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz: On a New Type of Play
Antonin Artaud: The Theatre of Cruelty: First Manifesto
Antonin Artaud: An End to Masterpieces
Jerry Grotowski: The Theatre's New Testament
Peter Brook: The Holy Theatre: Happenings
Eugène Ionesco: The London Controversy: Tynan v. Ionesco
Part IV: Political Theatre
Ernst Toller: Letter to a Creative Collaborator
Erwin Piscator: The Programme of the Proletarian Theatre
Bertolt Brecht: The Modern Theatre is the Epic Theatre
Bertolt Brecht: A Short Organum for the Theatre
Peter Weiss: The Material and the Models
Augusto Boal: Poetics of the Oppressed
Michelene Wandor: Political Dynamics: The Feminisms
Part V: Semiotics
Jindrich Honzl: Dynamics of the Sign in the Theatre
Umberto Eco: Semiotics of Theatrical Performance
Marvin Carlson: Psychic Polyphony
Martin Esslin: The Signs of Stage and Screen
Patrice Pavis: Avant-Garde Theatre and Semiology: A Few Practices and the Theory Behind Them
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 1st December 1998
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.68