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Modern Irish : Grammatical Structure and Dialectal Variation - Micheal O'Siadhail

Modern Irish

Grammatical Structure and Dialectal Variation

By: Micheal O'Siadhail, P. Austin (Editor), J. Bresnan (Editor), B. Comrie (Editor), S. Crain (Editor)

Paperback Published: 28th October 1991
ISBN: 9780521425193
Number Of Pages: 388

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Micheal O Siadhail considers modern Irish dialects against the background of their common grammar, providing a comprehensive overview for Celticists and general linguists with an interest in dialectical comparison. His Modern Irish contains a wealth of empirical data which is analysed in a fresh and accessible manner, keeping technical terminology to a minimum. It includes background information on the Irish language and gives explanations of basic concepts in order to compare the phonology, morphology and syntax of the dialects. Students of linguistics amd the Irish language will welcome this clear and sensible cross-dialectal survey by Micheal O Siadhail, who is well-known as an Irish scholar and as a poet.

Industry Reviews

"This carefully crafted book, the product of tremendous labour, should earn O Siadhail the thanks of the linguistics community. It has always struck me as odd that, given the extensive historical and descriptive studies of Irish, the language plays such a small part in theoretical linguistic discussions. The part it does play is principally in the arena of syntax, although that is certainly the area with the shortest tradition: the phonology and the morphology of the language are relatively ignored. This book certainly has the potential to reverse that situation by offering linguists of all stripes an excellent guide to the intricacies of Modern Irish." Language "...O Siadhail has done a splendid job." C.M. Adderley, Language Quarterly

List of tablesp. xiii
List of figuresp. xiv
Prefacep. xv
List of abbreviationsp. xvii
General introductionp. 1
Broad aimsp. 1
Historical backgroundp. 1
Dialects of Irishp. 2
Sourcesp. 5
Labelling of examplesp. 7
The approachp. 8
Adaptation of I.P.A. for Irishp. 8
Broad and slender consonants and the Irish spelling systemp. 9
Concluding remarksp. 11
Introduction to Phonologyp. 15
The approachp. 15
Common underlying formsp. 17
Major and minor rulesp. 18
The syllabic systemp. 19
Basic form of syllablep. 19
Epenthetic vowelp. 20
Syllabic adjustmentp. 22
The secondary epenthetic vowelp. 22
Pretonic elisionp. 23
Vowel coalescencep. 24
Lengthening in place of /h/p. 25
Stressp. 26
Distribution of stressp. 26
Stress-shift 1p. 27
Stress-shift 2p. 29
The vowelsp. 35
The vocalic systemp. 35
Vowel separationp. 36
Raising and lowering of vowelsp. 37
Raising of low vowels to mid-vowelsp. 37
Raising of low vowels to high vowelsp. 39
Raising/lowering between low and mid-vowelsp. 39
Raising of mid-vowels to high vowels 1p. 42
Raising of mid-vowels to high vowels 2p. 44
Lowering of high vowels to mid-vowelsp. 46
Syllable lengthening before tense consonantsp. 48
Syllable lengthening 1p. 49
Syllable lengthening 2p. 50
Syllable lengthening 3p. 53
Diphthongizationp. 56
Optional diphthongization before ch/th /h/p. 56
Diphthongization of /i:/ before the stressp. 56
Sporadic diphthongization of e /e:/p. 57
The vowel /[characters not reproducible]:/p. 57
The vowel ao /[characters not reproducible]:/ changed to /i:/p. 57
The vowel ao /[characters not reproducible]:/ changed to /e:/p. 58
The vowel ao /[characters not reproducible]:/ changed to /u:/ or /o:/p. 58
Low vowelsp. 59
Treatment of low vowels in Connemarap. 59
Treatment of long a /a:/ in Donegalp. 60
Shortening of long a /a:/ before mh /[characters not reproducible]n Kerryp. 60
Falling diphthongsp. 61
Elision of second element before a nasalp. 61
Change of diphthong ia /i[characters not reproducible]o e /e:/p. 62
Change of e /e:/ to /i:a/p. 62
Elision of second element after removal of dh/gh /Y/p. 62
Change of ua /u:[characters not reproducible]o /[characters not reproducible]:[characters not reproducible] or /i:[characters not reproducible]p. 63
Insertion of semi-vowel /w/p. 63
Variation between ua /u:[characters not reproducible]nd o /o:/p. 63
Variation between ia /i:[characters not reproducible]nd ea /a/p. 64
Prevocalic glidep. 64
The semi-vowel and consonant systemsp. 67
Semi-vowelsp. 67
Slender fricativesp. 67
The voiced velar fricativep. 70
Merger of semi-vowels with neighbouring vowelsp. 72
Removal of final semi-vowelp. 76
Treatment of semi-vowel broad mh /[characters not reproducible]/ as a consonantp. 77
Defricatization of the semi-vowels broad mh/bh /[characters not reproducible]/ and slender mh/bh /[characters not reproducible]p. 78
Treatment of /h/p. 79
Consonantsp. 82
Overview of systemp. 82
Slender qualityp. 83
Devoicingp. 89
Voicingp. 92
Liquids and nasalsp. 92
Metathesisp. 101
Expressive clustersp. 104
Introduction to morphologyp. 107
The approachp. 107
The concept of extensionp. 108
Regularityp. 109
General morphological rulesp. 111
General discussionp. 111
Initial mutationsp. 111
General descriptionp. 111
Grammatical functions of lenitionp. 114
The insertion of h and hiatusp. 122
Grammatical functions of eclipsisp. 125
Non-reversion of initial mutationsp. 131
Final mutationsp. 134
Slendering and broadeningp. 135
Vowel additionp. 139
The nounp. 143
Genderp. 143
Single genderp. 143
Double genderp. 145
Gender agreement of anaphorical pronounsp. 147
Inflectionp. 148
Inflectional patternsp. 148
Variations in inflectionp. 154
Formation of the pluralp. 159
Long and short pluralsp. 159
Vowel additionp. 160
Consonant extension and vowel addition combinedp. 160
Other long pluralsp. 164
Marked plural formsp. 165
The verbp. 169
Phonetic shapep. 169
General discussionp. 169
Verb categorized by the shape of the rootp. 170
Effect of phonological rules on the inflectionp. 171
Use of -oidh/eoidh /o:j/ and -(a)igh /[characters not reproducible]j/ in Category 2 verbsp. 172
Variation in the use of -(a)igh /[characters not reproducible]j/ and -oidh/eoidh /o:j/ or /ah[characters not reproducible]j/ (D)p. 173
Grammatical categoriesp. 175
Tensep. 175
Combination of tenses and aspectp. 177
Moodp. 178
Personal/impersonal endingsp. 179
Root variation and irregular verbsp. 185
General discussionp. 185
The irregular verbsp. 185
Other features of irregular verbsp. 193
Nominal and adjectival formsp. 195
Introductory remarksp. 195
Verbal nounsp. 195
The verbal adjectivep. 198
Introduction to Syntaxp. 205
Basic word orderp. 205
Major variations in basic orderp. 207
Movement of pronouns to sentence-final positionp. 207
Narrative frontingp. 210
Deletion following finite verbal formsp. 211
Repetition of the topicp. 212
Avoidance of finite complementationp. 213
Sentence-initial adverbial phrasesp. 214
Omission of the substantive verb in frontingp. 215
Use of agus/is 'and' or na 'nor' in responsivesp. 216
Three further dislocationsp. 217
The copulap. 219
Two verbs 'to be'p. 219
Forms of the copulap. 219
Distinction between present/future and past/conditional blurredp. 219
Distinction between preconsonant and prevowel forms blurredp. 221
Use of preverbal particles and complementizers with the copulap. 221
Prevention of elision of vowel in ba 'was'p. 222
Use of generalized forms is e, ab e, nab e, gob ep. 223
Overview of syntax of copulap. 223
Linking of nouns and pronounsp. 224
Linking of nouns/pronouns and adjectivesp. 229
Use in prepositional phrasesp. 231
Use with seo, sin, siud etc.p. 234
Use in frontingp. 236
Deletion of copulap. 244
Responsive systemp. 245
General discussion of copula systemp. 249
Summary of dialectal differencesp. 251
Complementation and modal and auxiliary verbsp. 253
Complementationp. 253
Types of complementationp. 253
Syntactic functions of the complementp. 260
Extrapositionp. 270
Verbal noun complement as a unitp. 275
Avoidance of possessive adjective in verbal noun complementp. 277
Other types of verbal noun complementp. 278
Verbal noun complements identified by do 'to'p. 281
Complements subordinated by agus 'and'p. 284
Attributive use of verbal noun complementsp. 286
Modal verbsp. 287
Construction of modal verbsp. 287
Distinctive features of modal verbsp. 288
Dialectal variationp. 291
Auxiliary verbsp. 293
The substantive verb in periphrastic aspectual phrasesp. 294
The auxiliary verb dean 'make, do'p. 302
Other auxiliariesp. 306
Summary of dialectal differencesp. 308
Non-complemental subordination and marginal syntactic featuresp. 311
Non-complemental subordinationp. 311
Relativesp. 311
Conditionalsp. 319
Questionsp. 321
Adverbial subordinationp. 322
Diabhal 'Devil' etc. as a syntactic devicep. 326
The assertive usagep. 326
The conditional usagep. 326
The negative usagep. 326
Conclusionp. 311
Questions expecting negative answersp. 311
Compounding of neutral coordinators with subordinatorsp. 332
Agus/is 'and'p. 332
No 'or'p. 334
Proportional correlationsp. 335
Suspensive nap. 336
Variant order in perfectives with chomh 'so'p. 337
Glossaryp. 339
Referencesp. 341
Index of Irish wordsp. 347
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521425193
ISBN-10: 0521425190
Series: Cambridge Studies in Linguistics
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 388
Published: 28th October 1991
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.94 x 15.34  x 2.21
Weight (kg): 0.5

Earn 161 Qantas Points
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