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Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry : Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry - Ralph E. White

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry

Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry

By: Ralph E. White (Editor), Brian E. Conway (Editor), Costas G. Vayenas (Editor)

Hardcover ISBN: 9780306482267
Number Of Pages: 368

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Topics discussed include: Solid State Electrochemistry, Kinetics of Electrochemical Hydrogen Entry into Metals and Alloys, Electrochemistry of Titanium, Electrochemical Oxidation of Organics onSynthetic Diamond-based Electrodes, Fuel Cells, Trace-Anion Catalysisof Outer-Sphere Heterogeneous Charge-Transfer Reactions, Thermodynamicand Transport Properties of Bridging Electrolyte - Water SystemsHydrogen, diamond electrodes, and fuel cells were all topics ofintense interest at the 2003 ECS meeting in Paris.

From reviews of previous volumes:
"This long-standing series continues its tradition of offering high quality reviews of established and emerging subject areas, together with the less common aspects of electrochemical science ... Deserves a place in electrochemistry libraries and should prove useful to electrochemists and related workers."
(Chemistry and Industry)
"Continues the valuable service that has been rendered by the Modern Aspects series."
(Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry)
"Will definitely be of much use to researchers in the field of electrochemistry ... The editors of this well-produced volume deserve all appreciation for maintaining the excellent standard of the series."
(Bulletin of Electrochemistry)
"Extremely well-referenced and very readable ... Maintains the overall high standards of the series."
(Journal of the American Chemical Society)

Pem Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates
Introductionp. 1
NAFION MEA Based Bipolar Plate Problemsp. 2
Polybenzimidazole/H[subscript 3]PO[subscript 4]p. 3
Definitionp. 3
Separator Platep. 4
Flow Fieldp. 5
Port and Port Bridgesp. 6
Sealsp. 7
Framep. 8
Bipolar Plate Featuresp. 8
Tolerancesp. 9
Thermal Managementp. 9
Electrical Conductionp. 10
Water Managementp. 11
Low Costp. 13
Stable, Free from Corrosion Productsp. 13
Galvanic Corrosionp. 13
Materials and Processesp. 15
Comparison of Carbon and Metalp. 15
Operationalp. 16
Forming Costp. 16
Carbonp. 18
Molded Graphitep. 18
Paperp. 19
Stamped Exfoliated Graphite (Grafoil, Graflex)p. 19
Metalp. 19
Forming Metal Bipolar Platesp. 20
Intrinsically Corrosion Resistant Metalsp. 21
Direct Coatingsp. 21
Conductive Polymer Graftingp. 24
Referencesp. 33
Basic Applications of the Analysis of Variance and Covariance in Electrochemical Science and Engineering
Introductionp. 37
Basic Principles and Notionsp. 38
ANOVA: One-way Classificationp. 40
Completely Randomized Experiment (CRE)p. 42
Randomized Block Experiment (RBE)p. 42
Example 1: A Historical Perspective of Caustic Soda Productionp. 43
Example 2: Metallic Corrosionp. 45
ANOVA: Two-Way Classificationp. 46
Null and Alternative Hypothesesp. 46
Illustration of Two-Way Classification: Specific Energy Requirement for an Electrolytic Processp. 47
ANOVA: Three-Way Classificationsp. 49
ANOVA: Latin Squares (LS)p. 51
Applications of the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)p. 53
ANCOVA with Velocity as Single Concomitant Variablep. 53
Pattern A(CRE)p. 53
Pattern B(RBE)p. 56
ANCOVA with Velocity and Pressure Drop Acting as Two Concomitant Variablesp. 58
Two Covariate-Based ANCOVA of Product Yields in a Batch and in a Flow Electrolyzerp. 58
Covariance Analysis for a Two-Factor, Single Cofactor CREp. 60
Miscellaneous Topicsp. 62
Estimation of the Type II Error in ANOVAp. 62
Hierarchical Classificationp. 64
ANOVA-Related Random Effectsp. 66
Introductory Concepts of Contrasts Analysisp. 69
Final Remarksp. 71
Acknowledgmentsp. 72
List of Principal Symbolsp. 72
Referencesp. 73
Nanomaterials in Li-Ion Battery Electrode Design
Introductionp. 75
Templates Usedp. 78
Track-Etch Membranesp. 78
Alumina Membranesp. 80
Other Templatesp. 81
Nanostructured Cathodic Electrode Materialsp. 83
Electrode Fabricationp. 84
Nanostructured Electrodep. 84
Control Electrodesp. 85
Structural Investigationsp. 86
Electrochemical Characterizationp. 87
Cyclic Voltammetryp. 87
Rate Capabilitiesp. 89
Nanostructured Anodic Electrodesp. 91
Electrode Fabricationp. 92
Nanostructured Electrodesp. 92
Control Electrodesp. 92
Structural Investigationsp. 93
Electrochemical Investigationsp. 95
Nanoelectrode Applicationsp. 97
Low-Temperature Performancep. 97
Electrode Fabricationp. 97
Strategyp. 98
Electrochemical Resultsp. 99
Electronic Conductivityp. 101
Cycle Lifep. 102
Variations on a Synthetic Themep. 102
Nanocomposite of LiFePO[subscript 4]/Carbonp. 102
Improving Volumetric Capacityp. 109
Carbon Honeycombp. 117
Preparation of Honeycomb Carbonp. 118
Electrochemical Characterizationp. 121
Conclusionsp. 123
Acknowledgementsp. 123
Referencesp. 124
Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Problems and Perspectives
Introductionp. 127
Operating Principle of the SPE-DMFCp. 128
Electrode Reaction Mechanisms in SPE-DMFCsp. 132
Anodic Oxidation of Methanolp. 132
Cathodic Reduction of Oxygenp. 139
Materials for SPE-DMFCSp. 140
Catalyst Materialsp. 140
Anode Catalystsp. 140
Oxygen Reduction Catalystsp. 149
Membrane Materialsp. 156
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Performancep. 163
DMFC Stack Performancep. 175
Alternative Catalysts and Membranes in the DMFCp. 178
Alkaline Conducting Membrane and Alternative Oxidantsp. 183
Conventional vs. Mixed-Reactant SPE-DMFCsp. 185
Mathematical Modelling of the DMFCp. 192
Methanol Oxidationp. 195
Empirical Models for Cell Voltage Behaviourp. 198
Membrane Transportp. 202
Effect of Methanol Crossover on Fuel Cell Performancep. 204
Mass Transport and Gas Evolutionp. 205
DMFC Electrode Modellingp. 209
Cell Modelsp. 210
Single Phase Flowp. 212
Two-and Three-Dimensional Modellingp. 213
Dynamics and Modellingp. 215
Stack Hydraulic and Thermal Modelsp. 215
Conclusionsp. 216
List of Symbolsp. 217
Referencesp. 218
Review of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
Introductionp. 229
Anode Kineticsp. 232
Reaction Mechanismp. 232
Methanol Oxidation Catalystsp. 233
Platinum and Platinum Catalyst Structurep. 233
Platinum and Platinum Alloy Catalyst Performancep. 240
Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalystsp. 247
High Temperature Membranesp. 248
Methanol Crossoverp. 253
Magnitude of Crossoverp. 253
Effect of CO[subscript 2] Crossoverp. 258
Mixed-Potential Effectsp. 260
Novel Membranes to Reduce Methanol Crossoverp. 261
DMFC Modeling Reviewp. 264
One-Dimensional Modelsp. 265
Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Modelsp. 273
Summaryp. 278
Referencesp. 280
Direct Numerical Simulation of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Catalyst Layers
Introductionp. 285
Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) Approachp. 288
Advantages and Objectives of the DNS Approachp. 289
DNS Model - Idealized 2-D Microstructurep. 290
Three-Dimensional Regular Microstructurep. 293
Results and Discussionp. 299
2-D Model: Kinetics- vs. Transport-Limited Regimesp. 299
Comparison of the Polarization Curves between 2-D and 3-D Simulationsp. 304
Three-Dimensional Random Microstructurep. 305
Random Structurep. 306
Structural Analysis and Identificationp. 307
Governing Equationsp. 311
Boundary Conditionsp. 314
Results and Discussionp. 316
DNS Model - Water Transportp. 320
Water Transport Mechanismp. 321
Mathematical Descriptionp. 323
Results and Discussionp. 327
Inlet-Air Humidity Effectp. 327
Water Crossover Effectp. 330
Optimization of Catalyst Layer Compositionsp. 331
3-D Correlated Microstructurep. 333
Stochastic Generation Methodp. 333
Governing Equations, Boundary Conditions and Numerical Procedurep. 334
Results and Discussionp. 337
Conclusionsp. 340
Acknowledgementsp. 340
Referencesp. 341
Indexp. 343
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306482267
ISBN-10: 0306482266
Series: Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry : Book 37
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 368
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.24
Weight (kg): 0.6