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Models in Phylogeny Reconstruction : Systematics Association Special Volumes - Robert W. Scotland

Models in Phylogeny Reconstruction

Systematics Association Special Volumes

By: Robert W. Scotland (Editor), Darrell J. Siebert (Editor), David M. Williams (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 24th November 1994
ISBN: 9780198548249
Number Of Pages: 372

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Phylogenetic reconstruction--the method by which biologists examine the relationship between living and extinct organisms in an effort to identify evolutionary pathways--has seen radical changes in the last ten years. But as rapid advances in mathematical, molecular, developmental, and cladistic techniques have greatly improved reconstruction efforts, they have also sparked controversy, especially with regard to the assumptions and data underlying the cladistic method. This book brings together contributions from a wide range of practitioners in order to find common ground. By examining numerous models from a variety of fields, the book serves as a guide to the latest methods of classification and phylogeny reconstruction and provides insights into the relative merits that each approach has to offer. In particular, developmental studies emerge as a significant factor in cladogram construction. Splendidly written and wide-ranging in scope, Models in Phylogeny Reconstruction will be welcomed by students and researchers in systematic and evolutionary biology.

1: The lessons of history 2: Explanation, description, and the meaning of 'transformation' in taxonomic evidence 3: Species and history 4: Models, modules, and molecules in morphogenesis 5: Partial truths: a review of the use of concepts in the evolutionary sciences 6: Morphogenetic cascades, genetic forms, and taxonomy 7: Rational taxonomy and the natural system as exemplified by segmentation and phyllotaxis 8: Methods for rooting cladistic trees 9: Ontogeny, rooting, and polarity 10: Null or minimal models 11: Three-item consensus: empirical test of fractional weighting 12: The role of models in reconstructing evolutionary trees 13: An empirical example of parsimony behaviour 14: DNA characters and cladistics: the optimization of functional history 15: Intraspecific phylogenetics: problems and solutions 16: Estimating evolutionary rates for discrete characters 17: Inferring evolutionary processes from molecular phylogenies 18: Cladograms and trees in biodiversity

ISBN: 9780198548249
ISBN-10: 0198548249
Series: Systematics Association Special Volumes
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 372
Published: 24th November 1994
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.9 x 16.3  x 2.6
Weight (kg): 0.75

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