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Models and Methods in the Philosophy of Science : Selected Essays - Patrick Suppes

Models and Methods in the Philosophy of Science

Selected Essays

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Published: 31st May 1993
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The thirty-one papers collected in this volume represent most of the arti- cles that I have published in the philosophy of science and related founda- tional areas of science since 1970. The present volume is a natural succes- sor to Studies in the Methodology and Foundations of Science, a collection of my articles published in 1969 by Reidel (now a part of Kluwer). The articles are arranged under five main headings. Part I contains six articles on general methodology. The topics range from formal methods to the plurality of science. Part II contains six articles on causality and explanation. The emphasis is almost entirely on probabilistic approaches. Part III contains six articles on probability and measurement. The impor- tance of representation theorems for both probability and measurement is stressed. Part IV contains five articles on the foundations of physics. The first three articles are concerned with action at a distance and space and time, the last two with quantum mechanics. Part V contains eight articles on the foundations of psychology. This is the longest part and the articles reflect my continuing strong interest in the nature of learning and perception. Within each part the articles are arranged chronologically. I turn now to a more detailed overview of the content. The first article of Part I concerns the role of formal methods in the philosophy of science. Here I discuss what is the new role for formal methods now that the imperialism of logical positivism has disappeared.

Preface
General Methodologyp. 1
The Role of Formal Methods in the Philosophy of Sciencep. 3
The Study of Scientific Revolutions: Theory and Methodologyp. 15
Limitations of the Axiomatic Method in Ancient Greek Mathematical Sciencesp. 25
The Plurality of Sciencep. 41
Heuristics and the Axiomatic Methodp. 55
Representation Theory and the Analysis of Structurep. 67
Causality and Explanationp. 83
Causal Analysis of Hidden Variablesp. 85
Scientific Causal Talkp. 95
Explaining the Unpredictablep. 111
Conflicting Intuitions About Causalityp. 121
When are Probabilistic Explanations Possible?p. 141
Non-Markovian Causality in the Social Sciences with Some Theorems on Transitivityp. 149
Probability and Measurementp. 161
Finite Equal-Interval Measurement Structuresp. 163
The Measurement of Beliefp. 181
The Logic of Clinical Judgment: Bayesian and Other Approachesp. 201
Arguments for Randomizingp. 213
Propensity Representations of Probabilityp. 225
Indeterminism or Instability, Does It Matter?p. 247
Physicsp. 259
Descartes and the Problem of Action at a Distancep. 261
Some Open Problems in the Philosophy of Space and Timep. 271
Aristotle's Concept of Matter and Its Relation to Modern Concepts of Matterp. 289
Popper's Analysis of Probability in Quantum Mechanicsp. 311
Probabilistic Causality in Quantum Mechanicsp. 327
Psychologyp. 339
From Behaviorism to Neobehaviorismp. 341
Learning Theory for Probabilistic Automata and Register Machines, with Applications to Educational Researchp. 357
Is Visual Space Euclidean?p. 373
Davidson's Views on Psychology as a Sciencep. 395
Current Directions in Mathematical Learning Theoryp. 407
On Deriving Models in the Social Sciencesp. 435
The Principle of Invariance with Special Reference to Perceptionp. 451
Can Psychological Software be Reduced to Physiological Hardware?p. 471
Bibliographyp. 483
Author Indexp. 507
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792322115
ISBN-10: 0792322118
Series: SYNTHESE LIBRARY
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 510
Published: 31st May 1993
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.95