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Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk : NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences - Jan B. H. J. Linders

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk

NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences

By: Jan B. H. J. Linders (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st January 2001
ISBN: 9780792367765
Number Of Pages: 275

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Mathematical models are being increasingly used to estimate the concentrations of a wide range of substances in the environment for a variety of reasons, including government control and legislation, and risk and hazard estimation. Exposure assessment has to be performed for many types of substances, including pesticides, industrial chemicals, pollutants, accidental discharges, etc. The interpretation of the results of model equations should always bear in mind the purpose for which the model used was built in the first place. Further, models are always an abstraction of reality, requiring simplifying assumptions to keep the models within the restraints posed by computer performance and/or scientific knowledge.
The present book treats the theme of modelling chemical exposure and risk in terms of four main topics: model characteristics, applications, comparison of estimated with measured concentrations, and modelling credibility.

Pesticide Fate Models and their use
FOCUS Activities
Models used in the USA for the Evaluation of Pesticide Exposure, Hazard and Risk Assessment
Quality assurance in environmental modelling
Possible approaches for pesticides environmental impact management
Pesticide leaching modelling validation
A Recent European Experience
Evaporation of pure liquids from open surfaces
Application of USES for estimation of PEC of pesticides and hazard assessment for aquatic environment
Modelling of operator exposure
Use of alarm model in accidental pollution of Danube River: Case study
Results of the use of two environmental models for pesticides ranking by hazard
Recent developments in environmental modelling at Trent University, Canada
MACRO: a preferential flow model to simulate pesticide leaching and movement to drains
A scientific and technological framework for evaluating comparative risk in ecological risk assessments
Comparing two alternative pollutant dispersion models and actual data within an environmental health information Processing System (EHIPS)
RBCA Toolkit: Comprehensive Risk-based modelling system for soil and groundwater clean-up
Danish EPA use of models for assessment of pesticides mobility
An optimization model for the control of regional air quality in Europe
Spatial refinement of regional exposure assessment
Country Reports
Conclusions and Recommendations
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792367765
ISBN-10: 0792367766
Series: NATO Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 275
Published: 1st January 2001
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.62 x 15.75  x 1.52
Weight (kg): 0.45