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Mississippian Community Organization : The Powers Phase in Southeastern Missouri - Michael J. O'Brien

Mississippian Community Organization

The Powers Phase in Southeastern Missouri

Hardcover Published: 31st May 2001
ISBN: 9780306464805
Number Of Pages: 327

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The Powers Phase is the name given to a short-lived complex of communities (c. A.D. 1250-1400) founded on low sandy interfluves extending across 300 square kilometers of the Little Black River watershed of southeastern Missouri. There appears to have been a distinct hierarchy of communities ranging in size from Powers Fort, an enclosed area of about 15 acres that contained four mounds and perhaps several hundred houses; to at least 10 large, compact villages ranging in size from 40 to 100 houses; to communities containing 10 to 12 houses; and finally to small one or two house farmsteads. What makes the communities unique is that almost without exception the houses burned (accidentally or intentionally) and collapsed walls and roofs sealed artifacts that were on the structure floors. The Powers Phase Project, which ran from 1967 to 1976, was a high-profile archaeological program throughout its existence and archaeologists eagerly awaited published results, which came out through the late 1970s. The centerpiece of the project was the excavation of two large villages, Turner and Snodgrass, the latter of which received considerable treatment in the literature. In fact, Snodgrass, because it was excavated almost in its entirety, became a proxy for other Mississippian communities in the central Mississippi River valley that either were unexcavated or received only limited excavation. Unfortunately, we now know that many of the claims made about Snodgrass were erroneous. The present book, through painstaking analysis and attention to detail in the archaeological record of Snodgrass, points out those errors and offers an entirely different perspective on that community as well as on other Powers Phase communities.

The Powers Phase: An Introductionp. 1
The General Physical and Cultural Environmentp. 19
The Physical-Environmental Context of Powers Phase Settlementsp. 55
Powers Phase Settlement in the Western Lowlandsp. 77
Community Organization and Dates of Occupationp. 99
The Construction and Abandonment of Powers Phase Structuresp. 141
The Artifactual Content of Selected House Floors at Turner and Snodgrassp. 181
Stone Artifacts from Turner and Snodgrassp. 231
Pottery from Turner and Snodgrassp. 265
Concluding Remarksp. 293
Referencesp. 301
Indexp. 315
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306464805
ISBN-10: 0306464802
Series: Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 327
Published: 31st May 2001
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.67

Earn 456 Qantas Points
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