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Mind over Magma : The Story of Igneous Petrology - Davis A. Young

Mind over Magma

The Story of Igneous Petrology

Hardcover

Published: 1st July 2003
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"Mind over Magma" chronicles the scientific effort to unravel the mysteries of rocks that solidified on or beneath Earth's surface from the intensely hot, molten material called magma. The first-ever comprehensive history of the study of such igneous rocks, it traces the development of igneous petrology from ancient descriptions of volcanic eruptions to recent work incorporating insights from physical chemistry, isotope studies, and fluid dynamics.

Intellectual developments in the field--from the application of scientific methods to the study of rocks to the discovery of critical data and the development of the field's major theories--are considered within their broader geographical, social, and technological contexts. Mind over Magma examines the spread of igneous petrology from western Europe to North America, South Africa, Japan, Australia, and much of the rest of the world. It considers the professionalization and Anglicization of the field, detailing changes in publication outlets, the role of women, and the influence of government funding. The book also highlights the significant role that technological developments--including the polarizing microscope, high-temperature quenching furnaces, and instrumental analysis--have played in the discovery of new data and development of revolutionary insights into the nature of igneous rocks.

Both an engagingly told story and a major reference, "Mind over Magma" is the only available history of this important field. As such, it will be appreciated by petrologists, geochemists, and other geologists as well as by those interested in the history of science.

One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles for 2004 "Wherever you turn, there is something of interest in this exquisitely researched text... Mind over Magma is a landmark publication. Any petrologist who chooses not to read this book will be doing themselves, and their students, a great disservice."--Nick Petford, Times Higher Education Supplement "Young's account is so well organized and written that, at least for a petrologist, it is a real page-turner."--Donald H. Lindsley, Science "Scholarly, well written, appropriately illustrated, and well constructed."--Choice "A fascinating treatise of how igneous petrology has evolved, from description to process, from painstaking detail to the big picture, shaped throughout by advances in analytical technology... [I]t is a fitting time to have its past documented in a scholarly and highly readable volume."--Chris Hawkesworth, Geoscientist "This is such a big and rich book, a grand and meticulous tour of more than two hundred years of igneous petrology, that it is difficult to compress it for a review... Igneous petrologists and students thereof should read Mind over Magma both for the intrinsic value of its story and in order to avoid reinventing some petrological wheel. Historians of science, particularly of geology, will appreciate it as an exemplar of their craft."--Sally Newcomb, Isis "Mind over Magma is strongly recommended to the professional petrologist and any scientifically literate person who wants an introduction to petrology... [A] few selected readings also would be a fine accompaniment to an undergraduate course in petrology."--Nicholas Heavens, Journal of Geology "Mind over Magma is well worth dipping into. It is a fund of information, scholarly written and is ... up to date... It is the best that is available."--Proceedings of the Geologists' Association "On more than 600 pages the author traces the history of the study of igneous rocks. In doing so, he does not trace the chronology of events but pursues the development of certain ideas or evaluates the impact of new techniques... [T]he author succeeds to show, that many controversies, the solution of which appears very evident from our current point of knowledge, were rooted in the then available understanding of igneous petrology, i.e. even the proponents of ideas that were finally shown to be false, had good arguments... I can only recommend: buy now!"--Dr. Ulrich Knittel, Vulkanismus.de

List of Figuresp. xi
List of Tablesp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
The Foundational Era
Breath-Pipes and Ignivomous Mountains--Early Concepts of Volcanismp. 3
Basaltes Prismatiques--Lava, Columnar Basalt, and Ancient Volcanoesp. 16
Fire or Water?--The Debate over the Origin of Basaltp. 34
The "Insolently Triumphant Dogma"--The Collapse of the Concept of Aqueous Basaltp. 50
Subterraneous Lava--The Recognition of Intrusive Granitep. 62
The Primitive Era
Wet or Dry?--The Origin of Granitep. 81
Classes and Orders--Petrography and Classification in the Early Nineteenth Centuryp. 104
Basalt and Trachyte--Early Theories of Diversityp. 125
The Microscope Era
Minute Objects, Great Conclusions--The Rise of Microscopic Petrographyp. 143
Basalt or Melaphyre?--Igneous Rocks in Timep. 167
Provinces and Plugs--Igneous Rocks in Spacep. 182
Spaltung und Kerne--The Emergence of the Theory of Differentiationp. 199
Physical Chemistry and Petrology--The Mechanism of Differentiationp. 215
The Language of Petrology--Nomenclature and Classificationp. 231
Meldometers and Thermocouples--Early Experimental Petrologyp. 264
The Experimental Era
Clearing the Mists--The Theory of Crystallization-Differentiationp. 283
An Unsurpassed Natural Laboratory--Differentiated Sills and Layered Intrusionsp. 313
Cone Sheets and Cauldrons--The Mechanics of Igneous Intrusionp. 333
Magma or Emanations?--The Beginnings of the Granite Controversyp. 350
Pontiffs and Soaks--The Resolution of the Granite Controversyp. 368
Modes and Norms--Classification in Crisisp. 389
The Geochemical Era
Structures and Spectra--The Geochemical Revolution in Petrologyp. 411
The Sea Below, the Heavens Above--The Extension of Petrologyp. 431
Delta and Epsilon--Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes in Igneous Petrogenesisp. 448
Mathematical Modeling--Trace-Element Studies in Igneous Petrogenesisp. 472
Bombs and Buffers--Experimental Petrology after Bowenp. 498
Classification Salvaged?--IUGS to the Rescuep. 527
The Fluid Dynamical Era
Rayleigh and Reynolds--The Fluid Dynamics of Magma Chambersp. 549
Paradigm Lost, Paradigm Regained?--Cumulate Theory under Firep. 578
Past and Future--Some Concluding Remarksp. 602
Bibliographyp. 615
Index of Namesp. 675
Index of Subjectsp. 681
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691102795
ISBN-10: 0691102791
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 686
Published: 1st July 2003
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.03 x 16.56  x 4.78
Weight (kg): 1.17