Phenomenology was in large part the discovery of Edmund Husserl, whose Logical Investigations of 1900/01 are normally regarded as the work that launched the phenomenological movement. Yet Husserl's phenomenology, in particular in the form in which it is set out in this his most important contribution to philosophy, is itself part of an Austrian philosophical tradi- tion inspired by Brentano and continued, in very different ways, by Meinong, Stumpf, Twardowski, Ehrenfels, Husserl - and Marty. Like Brentano and all his heirs Marty's philosophical interests were in the philosophy of mind, where this is taken to include or at least ground the philosophy of language, and analytic metaphysics. It is Marty's discussions of topics in these two areas that provide the contributions to this volume with their subject-matter. The papers by Roderick Chisholm, S. -Y. Kuroda, Barry Smith, Peter Simons, Rosaria Egidi, Karl Schuhmann, Elmar Holenstein, Edgar Morscher, Wolf- gang Wenning and myself were presented at the 1984 conference on Anton Marty in Fribourg, Switzerland. Our host in Fribourg was Guido Kung, the conference was made possible by the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung.
I should like to thank both for their help. Geneva, April 1988 KEVIN MULLIGAN Xl Abbreviations Employed in the Text Anton Marty's two major works, the Untersuchungen and the posthumously published Raum und Zeit are referred to in what follows in the following style. U Untersuchungen zur Grundlegung der allgemeinen Grammatik und Sprachphilosophie, Vol. I (only volume published). Halle a. S.
Brentano and Marty on Content: A Synthesis suggested by Brentano.- 1 Brentano's Final View.- 2 Attribution in Modo Recto and in Modo Obliquo.- 3 Object and Content.- 4 Other Intentional Attitudes.- 5 Immanent Objects and Transcendent Objects.- 6 Conclusion.- Marty's Philosophical Grammar.- 1 Introduction.- 2 The Descriptive Psychology of Meaning: Linguistic Functions.- 3 Propositions Show What would be the Case were they True.- 4 Vagueness.- 5 Meaning Change, Inner Form and Universals.- 6 Marty and Wittgenstein: Two Conceptions of Philosophical Grammar.- Meaning and Expression: Marty and Grice on Intentional Semantics.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Philosophy of Language as a General Theory.- 3 Natural and Non-Natural Meaning.- 4 Primary and Secondary Intentions.- 5 Auto-Semantic Language Devices.- 6 Conclusion.- Marty on Form and Content in Language.- 1 Inner Speech Form in some of Marty's Early Works.- 2 Logic, Grammar and Psychology.- 3 Form and Content in Marty's Later Works.- 4 Some Fundamental Tenets of Universal Grammar.- Why a Proper Name has a Meaning: Marty and Landgrebe vs. Kripke.- 1 Preliminaries.- 2 Kripke's View.- 3 The Question of the Semantic Status of Proper Names.- 4 Meaning and Lexical Meaning.- 5 Reference and Meaning in Marty.- 6 Ambiguity and Vagueness.- 7 Landgrebe's Solution.- 8 Conclusion.- The Categorical and the Thetic Judgement Reconsidered.- 1 Marty and Transformational Grammar.- 2 Categorical and Thetic Judgements.- 3 Reinterpreting the Categorical-Thetic Distinction.- 4 Conclusion.- Classical and Modern Work on Universals: The Philosophical Background and Marty's Contribution.- 1 Categories of Meaning vs. Categories of Expression.- 2 Relativism and Colour.- 3 Natural Non-Absolute Universals.- Marty and Magnus on Colours.- Brentano and Marty: An Inquiry into Being and Truth.- 1 Aristotle and Brentano.- 2 Existence and Reality.- 3 Bases and Operations.- 4 Collectives are Non-Real.- 5 Relations are Non-Real.- 6 Space is Non-Real.- 7 States of Affairs are Non-Real.- 8 On the Origins of our Concepts of Existence and Truth.- 9 A Correspondence Theory of Intentionality.- 10 The Ontology of Truth.- 11 Wertverhalte or Value-Contents.- 12 A Postscript on Martian Aesthetics.- Marty on Grounded Relations.- Marty on Time.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Tasks of a Philosophy of Time.- 3 Marty on the Ontology of Time.- 4 Marty on the Consciousness of Time.- 5 Conclusion.- Marty's Theory of Space.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Marty's Two Basic Metaphysical Theses.- 3 A Sketch of Marty's Argument.- 4 Conclusion.- Judgement-Contents.- 1 Preliminary Remark.- 2 Conceptual Framework.- 3 Marty's Judgement-Contents.- 4 Comments.- 5 Final Remark.- of Consciousness and States of Affairs: Daubert and Marty.- 1 Phenomenologists and Brentanists.- 2 Marty on Subjectless Sentences.- 3 Daubert's Discussion of Marty.- 4 Shortcomings in Marty.- 5 Marty's Theory in Phenomenological Perspective.- Marty and the Lvov-Warsaw School.- Two Letters from Marty to Husserl.- A Bibliography of Works by and on Anton Marty.- 1 Works by Marty.- 2 Works on Marty.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.