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Milking and Milk Production of Dairy Sheep and Goats : EAAP Publication - N.P. Zervas

Milking and Milk Production of Dairy Sheep and Goats

EAAP Publication

By: N.P. Zervas (Editor)

Hardcover Published: July 1999
ISBN: 9789074134644
Number Of Pages: 571

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The 6th Symposium on the Milking of Small Ruminants was held in Athens, Greece, from September 26th to October 1st, 1998. While maintaining the specificity of the presentations focusing on hand or machine milking of small ruminants, the symposium also incorporated new topics related to milking: somatic cell counts and mammary infections; new approaches for evaluating the internal morphology of the mammary gland; and automatic reading of milk emission kinetics using electronic devices. The proceedings cover six main topics: physiological aspects of milk secretion; mammary pathology and milking; milking machine and milking management; milking and dairy production systems; milk recording and genetics; and milking and milk quality.

Forewordp. 19
L origine des premiers symposiums internationaux sur la traite mecanique des petits ruminantsp. 21
Study on the structure and the development of the canalicular system of the mammary gland during lactation in Manchega and Lacaune dairy sheepp. 35
Relationships between characteristics of the teat and milkability in Lacaune ewesp. 41
Comparison of milking ability between Manchega and Lacanne dairy ewesp. 45
La cinetique d'emission du lait chez les chevresp. 51
Machine milkability of Murciano-Granadina dairy goatsp. 59
Effect of inhibition of maternal behavior by peridural anesthesia on the endocrine response to milking during the first days after parturitionp. 65
Comparison between the oxytocin response to suckling, a mixed system of suckling and milking, and exclusive milking in Lacaune ewep. 69
Evolution of oxytocin, prolactin and cortisol release during the first milkings of primiparous ewesp. 73
Comparison of oxytocin, prolactin and cortisol release during the first and second lactationp. 79
The changes of plasma cortisol and Met-enkephalin in sheep during machine milkingp. 85
The use of ultrasonography in the study of mammary gland cisterns during lactation in sheepp. 91
Effect of recombinant bovine somatotropin on milk yield and composition in lactating goatsp. 94
Concentration of thyroid hormones in dairy goats during lactationp. 97
Changes in udder morphology as a consequence of different milking frequency during first and second lactation in Canarian dairy goatsp. 100
Relationship between total milk produced and oxytocin milk in lactating Manchega ewesp. 104
Evolution of mammary morphology traits during lactation and its relationship with milk yield of Manchega and Lacaune dairy sheepp. 107
Phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in ewes' milkp. 113
Utilisation des numerations cellulaires individuelles pour la detection des infections mammaires subcliniques de la chevre: definition de seuilsp. 119
Intramammary pathogens and somatic cell counts in dairy goatsp. 124
Frequence des differents germes responsables de mammites cliniques et subcliniques chez les petits ruminants laitiersp. 130
Importance of subclinical mastitis in milking sheep and diversity of aetiological agentsp. 137
Mastitis associated with Serratia macrescens in dairy ewesp. 142
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced subclinical ovine mastitis associated with Listeria manocytogenesp. 144
Relation entre les comptages de cellules somatiques du lait du troupeau et la prevalence des mammites subcliniques des brebis estimee avec les comptages de cellules somatiques individuelsp. 151
Incidence des inflammations de la mamelle sur la production et al composition du lait chez la chevrep. 157
Evaluation of selected antiobiotic residue screening test in milk samples from individual Manchega ewesp. 164
Subclinical mastitis in dairy sheep in Uruguayp. 168
Programmes de controle des mammites subcliniques chez les petits ruminants laitiersp. 171
Experimental intramammary infection with Staphylococcas haemolyticus in dairy ewesp. 175
Differential cell counts in goat's milkp. 178
Evolution of mycoplasma infection throughout lactation and effect on milk somatic cell counts in goatsp. 181
New bacterial pathogens associated with mastitis in sheepp. 185
Daily variation in somatic cell counts from bulk tank goat milkp. 188
Outbreaks of acute ovine mastitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosap. 192
Sensitivity of mastitis pathogens of ewes to antimicrobial drugsp. 196
Les salles de traite pour les grands troupeaux caprins en Francep. 201
Quantitative requirements of milking installations for small ruminants. A survey in different countriesp. 209
Caracteristiques de construction et de fonctionnement des installations de traite des ovins installees en Sardaignep. 216
Le developpment de la traite mecanique des petits ruminants en Grecep. 221
The effects of the type of pulsator on the evolution of milk emission kinetics during machine milking in Manchega ewesp. 227
Machine milking parameters for the Manchega sheep breedp. 233
Resultats technico - economiques de deux elevages caprins du Minho (Portugal)p. 239
Computer based semi-automatic test systems for milking machinesp. 242
Comparison among six milk claws for sheep milkingp. 245
Field test of milking machines for sheep as a basis for new standardsp. 248
Impact of milking machine design on new intensive farm sheep areasp. 251
Effects of partial milking during the suckling period on milk production of Lacaune dairy ewesp. 257
Partial suckling during the grazing period as a management tool for improving the annual production patterns of goat's milk in Norwayp. 263
The effects of milking once or twice daily throughout lactation on milk production of Canarian dairy goatsp. 267
Milk partitioning and milk flow rate of Canarian dairy goats under once daily or twice daily milking frequenciesp. 274
Evolution of milk production of the Greek mountain sheep breed by using different methods of hand and mechanical milking and strippingp. 281
Situation des exploitations laitieres ovines et caprines vis a vis des dispositions de la directive UE 92/46p. 286
Effect of stage of lactation and type of birth on: I - milk production, composition and some blood parameters in hand-milked Barki goatsp. 292
The effect of plane of nutrition during pregnancy of Greek dairy ewes on the development of mammary gland and on subsequent milk productionp. 295
Effects of early weaning system on milk production and pre- and post-weaning behaviour in Karagouniko ewes and their lambsp. 298
Ewe lamb adaptation to mechanical milking procedures in Karagouniko breedp. 302
Goat milk production with foreign breeds in Uruguayp. 306
Behavioural reactions and assessment of temperament in ewes during machine milkingp. 309
Assessment of fear reactions in dairy sheep and influence of temperamentp. 312
Lactation performance of does and growth rates of kids under different milking methodsp. 315
Experiments on sheep milking in Icelandp. 318
Changes in milk and blood composition in dairy goats during lactationp. 321
The influence of NE level and PDI/NE ratio in the diet on the milk yield in ewes with low milking levelp. 325
Sectorial integration model of management system based on sheep milk productionp. 328
Information database and extension system for the Hungarian sheep and goat sector on CD-ROM. Where to use it?p. 332
Decision-supporting system for milking goat and sheep farmsp. 335
Opportunity for controlled milk production in Awassi ewes by reproduction techniquesp. 339
Effect of pre-lambing supplementation on milk production of Merino ewes at grazingp. 342
Gross Margins of dairy goat farming in the U.K. 1988-1998p. 345
The influence of diets containing ensilage on the quantity and quality of ewe's milkp. 349
Sheep milk production systems in the region of Mount Stara Planinap. 351
Effect of stage of lactation and type of birth on: 2 - milk composition in hand-milked Barki goats of Egyptp. 354
Dairy goat production for smallholders in Sichuan China and North Koreap. 357
Genetic aspects of udder morphology in Sarda primiparous ewesp. 363
Amelioration genetique de la morphologie de la mamelle dans les races Churra, Latxa et Manchegap. 369
Analyse genetique de la morphologie des chevres Saanen et Alpines francaisesp. 375
Determinisme genetique de la cinetique d'emission du lait selon le potentiel laitier en race ovine de Lacaune et relations phenotypiques avec la morphologie de la mamellep. 381
The inheritance of somatic cell counts (index of mastitis) in Chios sheepp. 389
Genetic analysis for mastitis resistance and somatic cell score in French Lacaune dairy sheepp. 393
Genetic and environmental correlations among somatic cell counts, milk yield and protein percentage in milking ewesp. 400
Implementation of a system based on electronic identification for the official milk recording of dairy goats in Cataloniap. 406
Adaptation of Fleischmann method for lactation calculations in sheep to local breeding system in Bulgaria and costs of milk recordingp. 412
Selection of dairy goats by using lactation curve modelp. 418
Effects of breed and parity on some dairy traits of Alpine and Saanen goats in Croatiap. 421
Productive and economic efficiency of meat and dairy utilization of ewes coming from crossing Polish Merino and prolife breedsp. 424
Genetic evalution of goal milk traits with a test day modelp. 427
Milk composition of different sheep genotypesp. 430
Genetic improvement in milkability of the Corriedale breed: Morphological study of udder traitsp. 434
Elaboration of a sheep milk recording method in the region of Lowland Polandp. 438
The udder traits and the milk yields of different sheep genotypep. 440
The effects of sheep genotype on the somatic cell counts of the milkp. 443
Estimation of the lactation curve of Chios ewes using a non-linear modelp. 447
Milk recording of goats in Castilla-La Manchap. 450
The morphology of the udder and milk quality and quality in the milking hybrid ewes F[subscript 1] East Friesian X Polish Merinop. 453
The priliminary characteristics of goat production in central Polandp. 456
Controle laitier caprin dans la region du Minho (Portugal)p. 460
Etude des relations entre les comptages des cellules somatiques et production laitiere en differents systemes de production caprinsp. 463
Main features of evolution of milk recording in Manchega sheepp. 466
First results on structural and productive characteristics of the farms included in the Catalonian Dairy Goat Farmers Associationp. 469
Systeme de controle laitier automatise des petits ruminantsp. 472
Milk and lamb production of East Friesian-cross ewes in the north central United Statesp. 474
Correlations of results of goat milk control performed at different time intervalsp. 478
The influence of somatic cell count on technological suitability of goat's milk for production of rennet cheesep. 483
Conditions d'apparition des inversions de taux du lait de chevre et effet des conditions de traitep. 489
Relation entre CCS et les caracteristiques du lait de brebis et de chevrep. 495
Changes in milk and cheese composition throughout lactation in Manchega sheepp. 501
Influence of milking machine on goat's milk quality in a Norwegian field studyp. 507
Influence du niveau de vide de la machine a traire et des facteurs zootechniques sur les comptages de cellules somatiques chez les chevres locales grecquesp. 513
Milk quality in dairy ewes at the end of lactationp. 519
The influence of storage time on the content of aromatising substance and free fatty acids in yoghurts of ewe's milkp. 521
The effect of [beta]-lactoglobulin genotype on cheese yieldp. 524
Caracterisation des laits de differents genotypes caprins: qualite et aptitude aux traitements technologiquesp. 528
Utilization of the lactoperoxidase system for the keeping quality of milk from small ruminants milked by handp. 531
Effect of LP-system on some nitrogeneous compounds of milk from small ruminants milked by handp. 535
The effects of [beta]-lactoglobulin genotypes on milk composition of various sheep breedsp. 539
Quality of protein in goat half-udder milk with varying somatic cell count levelsp. 543
Etude de la qualite du lait et de ses proprietes fromageres, selon deux systemes de productionp. 547
Separation electrophoretique des fractions majeures de la caseine ovine: analyse quantitative et impact sur le rendement fromager en laboratoire a echelle individuellep. 550
Influence of sheep AA, AB and BB [beta]-lactoglobulin genotypes on milk composition and cheese yieldp. 553
Bacterial contamination of raw bulk milk of sheep and goatsp. 556
Lipase activity in milk of different goat breeds of southern Italyp. 559
List of referencesp. 561
List of participantsp. 563
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9789074134644
ISBN-10: 9074134645
Series: EAAP Publication
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 571
Published: July 1999
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 17.15  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.18

Earn 340 Qantas Points
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