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Microwaves : Industrial, Scientific and Medical Applications - Jacques Thuery

Microwaves

Industrial, Scientific and Medical Applications

Hardcover Published: 19th January 1992
ISBN: 9780890064481
Number Of Pages: 692

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This book deals with all aspects of industrial, scientififc and medical (ISM) applications of microwaves. The text covers not only the theoretical and applied aspects of electromagnetism, but also explores current research, industrial considerations and historical and regulatory issues. The book is completed by a listing of most of the laboratories in the world involved with microwave heating. The reader will find 176 addresses, including complete names, phone, fax and telex numbers, as well as 4000 references.

Preface to the English Editionp. xv
Forewordp. xvii
Microwaves
Electromagnetism and Radiationp. 3
Electromagnetic spectrum, ISM bandsp. 4
Electromagnetismp. 8
Radio broadcastingp. 10
Electromagnetic detectionp. 14
Thermal applicationsp. 17
Microwaves in industryp. 19
The Laws of Radiationp. 33
Basic definitionsp. 34
Maxwell's equationsp. 36
Propagation equationp. 37
Plane wavep. 40
Spherical and cylindrical wavesp. 42
Propagation mediap. 44
Boundary conditionsp. 48
Reflection and transmissionp. 49
Guided propagationp. 52
Stationary wavep. 57
Electromagnetic cavitiesp. 58
Resonant modesp. 58
Energy balancep. 61
Power loss in the wallsp. 64
Quality factorp. 66
Radiation sourcesp. 69
Characteristicsp. 69
Radiation from a slotp. 70
Radiation of an aperturep. 72
Radiation from a hornp. 75
Radiation zonesp. 76
Microwaves and Matterp. 83
Dielectric polarizationp. 84
Polarization by dipole alignment in a static fieldp. 85
Polar and nonpolar mediap. 85
Induced dipole momentp. 85
Permanent dipole momentp. 88
Dipole alignment polarization in an alternating fieldp. 90
Dielectric relaxationp. 92
Hysteresisp. 92
Debye equationp. 93
Intermolecular bondsp. 93
Relaxation timep. 94
Debye and Cole-Cole diagramsp. 95
Different types of dielectricsp. 97
Permittivity measurementsp. 97
Lowloss dielectricsp. 98
Aqueous dielectricsp. 98
Mixturesp. 100
Saline solutions and biological constituentsp. 101
Heat generationp. 103
Thermal runawayp. 106
Generators and applicatorsp. 117
Introductionp. 117
Microwave generatorsp. 118
The magnetronp. 118
Klystron and TWTp. 125
RF energy transmissionp. 127
Applicatorsp. 128
Different typesp. 128
Design constraintsp. 132
Conclusionp. 147
Industrial Applications
Dryingp. 159
Humidity and dryingp. 159
Drying kineticsp. 161
Microwave dryingp. 162
Paper and printing industriesp. 163
Paperp. 163
Printing inksp. 164
Glued productsp. 165
Leather and textile industriesp. 166
Leathersp. 166
Tufts and yarnsp. 166
Dyeing and finishingp. 168
Tufted carpetsp. 170
Constructionp. 172
Wood and plywoodp. 172
Plaster, concrete, and ceramicsp. 172
Foundriesp. 173
Rubbers and plasticsp. 175
Drying of polymersp. 175
Photographic film and magnetic tapep. 175
Pharmaceutical industryp. 176
Drying of tobaccop. 177
Regeneration of zeolitesp. 178
The treatment of elastomers
Macromolecules andp. 188
Principles of interactionp. 188
Relaxation mechanismsp. 188
Dielectric properties of elastomersp. 189
Vulcanizationp. 191
Microwave vulcanizationp. 194
Formulation of mixturesp. 194
Advantages and disadvantages of microwave vulcanizationp. 196
Materials availablep. 199
Thawing and preheating of rubberp. 201
Microwave devulcanizationp. 203
Miscellaneous applicationsp. 207
Polymerizationp. 207
Thermosetting and thermoplastic polymersp. 207
Microwave reticulation of thermosetting resinsp. 208
Thermoplastic polymersp. 212
Fusionp. 213
Dewaxing of casting mouldsp. 213
Viscous materials in metalp. 214
Oil and shale oilp. 215
Road repairsp. 215
Defrosting of soilp. 216
Consolidationp. 216
Hardening of foundry mouldingsp. 216
Fast-setting concretep. 217
Sintering of ferrites and ceramicsp. 217
Emulsificationp. 220
Crushingp. 220
Purification of coalp. 221
Nuclear waste treatmentp. 222
Cellulosic waste treatmentp. 224
Applications in the Food Industry
Cookingp. 231
Mechanismsp. 232
Animal productsp. 235
Red meatp. 235
Poultryp. 239
Bacon and fatp. 243
Meat pattiesp. 245
Fishp. 246
Dairy productsp. 248
Vegetable productsp. 249
Vegetablesp. 249
Cereals and soyap. 251
Roastingp. 252
Cateringp. 253
Bakingp. 255
Breadp. 255
Doughnutsp. 256
Digestibility of foods cooked by microwavesp. 257
Thawing and temperingp. 275
Conventional thawingp. 276
Mechanisms of microwavep. 278
Dielectric properties of frozen productsp. 278
Thermal runawayp. 281
Energy limitationsp. 283
Surface coolingp. 285
Available equipmentp. 290
896 and 915 MHzp. 290
2.45 GHz
Advantages of microwave processingp. 296
Industrial aspectsp. 296
Qualitative aspectsp. 297
Dryingp. 305
Vaporizationp. 306
Drying at atmospheric pressurep. 307
Final drying of potato chipsp. 308
The drying of pastap. 310
Miscellaneous food productsp. 311
Drying at low pressurep. 313
Freeze dryingp. 313
Expansion in vacuump. 317
Various processesp. 324
Determination of dry contentp. 324
Preservationp. 339
Enzymatic inactivationp. 339
Blanching of fruits and vegetablesp. 341
Inactivation of [alpha]-amylase in wheatp. 344
Treatment of grains and soya beansp. 345
Sterilizationp. 346
Animal productsp. 350
Vegetable productsp. 351
Prepared mealsp. 355
Miscellaneous applicationsp. 365
Disinfestationp. 365
Soil treatmentp. 369
Germinationp. 377
Crop protectionp. 378
Wine-making by carbonic fermentationp. 379
Opening of oystersp. 380
Biological Effects and Medical Applications
Interactions with the organismp. 391
Dielectric behavior of biological materialp. 392
Biomoleculesp. 392
Cells and membranesp. 395
Tissuesp. 396
Quantum aspectsp. 397
Basic interaction with cell membranesp. 399
Continuous wavep. 399
The modulated wavep. 403
Pearl chain formationp. 404
Thermal interaction with the living organismp. 404
Reflection and transmissionp. 405
Absorption and dosimetryp. 407
Experimental aspectsp. 408
Modelingp. 410
Near-field interactionp. 415
Main resultsp. 416
Biological effectsp. 443
Cells and micro-organismsp. 446
Blood and hematopoiesisp. 451
Immune systemp. 455
Natural resistancep. 459
Lymphopoiesisp. 460
Multiplication of lymphocytes FcR[superscript +] and CR[superscript +]p. 460
Stimulation of the response of lymphocytes to mitogensp. 461
Modulation of the activity of activator T lymphocytesp. 463
Nervous systemp. 465
Fluxes of calcium ionsp. 465
Neurons and synapsesp. 469
Blood-brain barrierp. 471
Central nervous systemp. 474
Peripheral nervous system and sensory perceptionp. 476
Auditory perceptionp. 478
Autonomic nervous systemp. 481
Psychophysiologyp. 485
Endocrine systemp. 488
Pituitary-thyroid axisp. 488
Pituitary-suprarenal axisp. 490
Pituitary-ovarian and pituitary-testicular axesp. 492
Growth hormonesp. 493
Thermal regulation and metabolismp. 494
Effects on growthp. 496
Insectsp. 497
Birdsp. 498
Mammalsp. 499
Lesions and cataractsp. 502
Safety standardsp. 553
Soviet Unionp. 556
United States of Americap. 557
Eastern Europep. 565
Canadap. 567
Australiap. 568
Swedenp. 568
European Communityp. 568
International organisationsp. 569
Biomedical applicationsp. 585
Hyperthermia for cancer treatmentp. 586
Historical developmentp. 586
Mode of actionp. 591
Applicatorsp. 595
Integrated systemsp. 605
Clinical resultsp. 608
Specific effectsp. 611
Bioelectric vibrationsp. 611
Antigenicityp. 612
Immune responsep. 613
Miscellaneous applicationsp. 616
Clinicalp. 616
Biologicalp. 617
Addressesp. 641
Indexp. 665
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890064481
ISBN-10: 0890064482
Series: Microwave Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 692
Published: 19th January 1992
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 4.2
Weight (kg): 1.18