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Microwave Scattering and Emission Models and Applications : Remote Sensing Library - Adrian K. Fung

Microwave Scattering and Emission Models and Applications

Remote Sensing Library

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1994
ISBN: 9780890065235
Number Of Pages: 592

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"An excellent reference book. Treatment is thorough in terms of starting from some fundamental assumptions and working through the details so the reader may understand both the mathematical derivation and the physical basis for the resulting phase distribution functions (PDFs). [Fung's] discussion of the dependence of the PDF on the scattering parameters and the range of possible values is extremely helpful, and the illustration of the terrain scattering PDF is quite clear."

About the Author
Introductionp. 1
Bistatic Scattering Coefficientp. 2
Brightness Temperaturep. 4
General Properties of T[subscript B] and [actual symbol not reproducible]p. 6
The Radiative Transfer Formulationp. 10
Dependence of the Scattering Coefficient on Polarization Statesp. 21
Distribution Functions for Scattered Power and Phase Differencep. 26
First-Order Radiative Transfer Solution - Active Sensingp. 49
Radiative Transfer Equationsp. 50
Upward Scattering Intensity within the Layerp. 52
Total Scattered Intensity from an Inhomogeneous Layerp. 58
Applications to Special Casesp. 62
Appendix 2A Summary of a Bistatic Surface Modelp. 112
Appendix 2B Surface Correlation Function and Roughness Spectrap. 117
Appendix 2C Rayleigh Phase Matrixp. 122
First-Order Radiative Transfer Solution - Passive Sensingp. 125
Radiative Transfer Equationsp. 125
Upward Emitted Temperature within the Layerp. 128
Emission into the Upper Mediump. 130
Theoretical Emission Characteristicsp. 131
Comparisons with Emission Measurementsp. 142
A Comparison Between Backscattering and Emissionp. 155
Formulation Of The Surface Scattering Problemp. 163
The Surface Field Integral Equations for Dielectric Surfacesp. 164
Estimation of Tangential Surface Fieldsp. 172
Far-Zone Scattered Fieldsp. 175
The Far-Zone Transmitted Fieldsp. 185
The Average Power and Scattering Coefficientp. 187
Transmitted Scattering Coefficientp. 191
Appendix 4A Estimates of Surface Fieldsp. 195
Appendix 4B The Field Coefficientsp. 198
Appendix 4C Evaluation of Ensemble Averagesp. 213
Appendix 4D The Transmitted Field Coefficientsp. 218
Surface Model and Special Casesp. 231
Scattering Model for Surfaces with Small or Moderate Heightsp. 232
Scattering Model for Surfaces with Large Heightsp. 237
Surface Scattering Model Summaryp. 245
Single and Multiple Surface Scattering Modelsp. 246
Transmitted Scattering Coefficientsp. 254
Numerical Illustrationsp. 256
Ranges of Validity of the IEM Modelp. 277
Investigation of Simplifying Assumptionsp. 278
Verification of the Major Assumption Using Conducting Surfacesp. 280
Verification of the Major Assumption Using Dielectric Surfacesp. 290
Scattering from Ocean-Like Surfacesp. 305
Surface Propertiesp. 306
Model Developmentp. 309
Illustrations and Comparisons with Measurementsp. 316
Appendix 7A Bicoherence Function and Bispectrump. 325
Appendix 7B High-Frequency Limit of the Kirchhoff Model (KM) for a Skewed Surfacep. 335
Appendix 7C Dielectric Constant of Saline Waterp. 338
Matrix Doubling Formulationp. 339
Basic Concept of Matrix Doubling Methodp. 340
Harmonic Phase Matrix of a Scattering Layerp. 344
Boundary Medium Interactionp. 346
Scattering Coefficients for an Inhomogeneous Layer with Irregular Boundariesp. 358
Extension to Multilayered Inhomogeneous Mediump. 359
Matrix Doubling Formulation for Emissionp. 361
Scattering and Emission Models for Snow and Sea Icep. 373
Scattering Phase Matrix and Extinction Coefficient of a Mie Spherep. 374
A Scattering Model for a Snow Layerp. 381
A Scattering Model for a Sea Ice Layerp. 395
An Emission Model for a Snow Layerp. 406
An Emission Model for a Sea Ice Layerp. 413
Appendix 9A Microwave Dielectric Properties of Snow and Sea Icep. 419
Comparisons Of Model Predictions with Backscattering and Emission Measurements from Snow and Icep. 425
Comparisons with Measurements from a Thin Saline Icep. 425
Comparisons with Measurements from Multilayer Sea Icep. 434
Comparisons with Measurements from Snowp. 442
Scattering and Emission Models for Vegetationp. 451
Phase Functions of Disc- and Needle-Shaped Scatterersp. 452
Phase Matrix of a Dielectric Cylinderp. 465
Single and Double Scattering from a Two-layer Mediump. 473
Theoretical Model Characteristicsp. 481
Comparisons with Measurementsp. 507
Effect of Slanted Terrainp. 513
Appendix 11A An Integral Formulation for the Scattered Fieldp. 521
Appendix 11B Permittivity of Vegetationp. 524
Applications of Electromagnetic Scattering Models to Parameter Retrieval and Classificationp. 527
Backgroundp. 527
Overview of Artificial Neural Networksp. 530
Application of SM and NN to Parameter Retrievalp. 533
Classification of Remote Sensing Data Aided by the SMp. 545
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890065235
ISBN-10: 0890065233
Series: Remote Sensing Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 592
Published: 28th February 1994
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.6
Weight (kg): 1.03