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Microwave Mixers : Microwave Library - Stephen A. Maas

Microwave Mixers

Microwave Library

Hardcover Published: 19th December 1993
ISBN: 9780890066058
Number Of Pages: 396

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Provides an introduction to fundamental mixer types, as well as variations on the classical mixer designs.

Preface
Introductionp. 1
History and Fundamentalsp. 1
Devices for Mixersp. 6
Balanced and Single-Device Mixersp. 7
Mixer Designp. 9
Monolithic Circuitsp. 10
Schottky-Barrier Diodesp. 11
Schottky-Diode Operationp. 11
Ideal Junction Characteristicsp. 11
Ideal I/V Characteristic and Junction Capacitancep. 15
Deviations From Idealityp. 19
Diode Circuit Modelp. 23
Equivalent Circuitp. 23
Diode Measurementsp. 25
Microwave-Frequency Diode Measurementsp. 29
Effect of Temperature on Diode Characteristicsp. 35
Mott Diodesp. 37
Practical Diode Structuresp. 41
Dot-Matrix Diodep. 41
Dot-Matrix Diode Variantsp. 45
Point-Contact Diodesp. 46
Beam-Lead Diodesp. 47
Low-Parasitic Diodes for Millimeter-Wave Applicationsp. 49
Diodes for Monolithic Circuitsp. 51
Considerations in Using Dot-Matrix Diodesp. 53
Mount Mechanical Designp. 53
Diode Whiskeringp. 55
Packaged Diodesp. 57
Referencesp. 58
MESFETs and HEMTsp. 61
MESHET Structure and Operationp. 61
Structurep. 61
Operation of GaAs MESFETsp. 64
HEMT Structure ad Operationp. 69
Circuit Models for GaAs MESFETsp. 71
Lumped Large-Signal Modelsp. 71
Curtice Quadratic Modelp. 77
Curtice Cubic Modelp. 78
Materka end Kacprzak Modelp. 79
Statz et al. Modelp. 79
Maas-Neilson Modelp. 80
Modeling FET Resistive Mixersp. 81
Modeling HEMT Devicesp. 82
Comparison of Modelsp. 83
Determining Equivalent-Circuit Parametersp. 84
Dual-Gate FETsp. 88
Descriptionp. 88
Modeling Dual-Gate Devicesp. 88
I/V Characteristicsp. 89
Parameter Extraction for Dual-Gate Devicesp. 90
Referencesp. 92
Diode Mixer Theoryp. 95
Currents end Voltages in the Pumped Diodep. 96
Large-Signal Analysisp. 97
The Diode Modelp. 97
The Harmonic-Balance Equationsp. 99
Solution Algorithmsp. 105
Convergence and Accuracyp. 113
Improving Speed and Convergencep. 116
LO Power and Matchingp. 117
Multiple-Diode Mixersp. 118
Small-Signal Analysisp. 120
Diode Conductance and Capacitance Waveformsp. 120
Conversion Matricesp. 121
Small-Signal Analysisp. 127
Noise Analysisp. 135
Noise Sourcesp. 135
Mixer Noise Theoryp. 136
Mixer Analysis by General-Purpose Harmonic-Balance Simulatorsp. 142
Performance Optimizationp. 144
Image Terminating Impedance and Image Enhancementp. 146
LO Powerp. 146
Minimizing Intermodulationp. 148
DC Bias Voltagep. 148
Referencesp. 150
System Considerationsp. 153
Internally-Generated Mixer Noisep. 153
Noise Temperature and Noise Figurep. 153
Noise Temperature and Noise Figure of an Attenuatorp. 157
Noise Temperature of a Cascade of Stagesp. 158
Mixer Noise Temperaturep. 159
Noise Temperature of a Mixer Receiverp. 163
Mixer Noise Figurep. 167
LO-Induced Noise, Intermodulation, and Spurious Signalsp. 171
AM Noise in the LOp. 172
Phase Noisep. 173
Internally-Generated Spurious Signalsp. 175
Two-Tone Intermodulation and Saturationp. 176
Spurious Responsesp. 180
Miscellaneous Considerationsp. 183
Sensitivity of Noise Temperature and Conversion Loss to LO Level and DC Biasp. 183
Port-to-Port Isolationp. 185
IF-Port VSWR and Reflected Noisep. 186
Reactive Terminations in Balanced Mixersp. 188
Image Noise From an RF Preamplifierp. 189
LO Power and Bias Levelingp. 190
Cryogenic Operation of Mixersp. 190
Methods of Refrigerationp. 191
Insulationp. 192
Mechanical Design of Cooled Mixersp. 193
Diodes and Electrical Considerationsp. 194
Noise Measurementsp. 195
Basic Techniquep. 195
Simultaneous Noise and Gain Measurementp. 197
Noise Sourcesp. 200
Noise Measurement Errorsp. 202
Referencesp. 203
Single-Diode Mixersp. 205
Basic Approachp. 206
Design Rationalep. 206
Diode Selectionp. 209
Design Methodologyp. 211
Special Considerations for Very-High-Frequency Mixersp. 212
Single-Diode Mixer Designsp. 215
Untuned Mixerp. 215
Waveguide Mixerp. 216
Accurate Determination of the Embedding Impedancesp. 226
Single-Diode Millimeter-Wave Mixers Using Beam-Lead Diodesp. 227
Single-Diode Mixers Above 100 GHzp. 229
Referencesp. 235
Balanced Mixersp. 237
Microwave Hybridsp. 238
Fundamentals of Hybrid Couplersp. 238
Hybrid Couplersp. 240
Balunsp. 255
Singly Balanced Mixersp. 260
General Conceptsp. 260
180-Degree Hybrid Mixersp. 267
Doubly Balanced Mixersp. 269
Ring Mixersp. 269
Star Mixerp. 273
High-Level Doubly Balanced Mixersp. 275
Subharmonically Pumped Mixersp. 277
Image-Rejection Mixersp. 280
SSB Modulatorsp. 283
Conclusionsp. 284
Referencesp. 288
Balanced Mixer Circuitsp. 289
Waveguide Mixersp. 289
"Magic Tee" Hybrid Mixerp. 289
Crossbar Mixerp. 291
Fin-Line Mixersp. 293
Stripline and Microstrip Mixersp. 296
Hybrid Ring (Rat-Race) Mixerp. 296
Slotline Rat-Race Mixerp. 298
Quadrature Hybrid Mixersp. 299
Doubly Balanced Mixer Circuitsp. 300
Low-Frequency Ring Mixersp. 300
Microwave Doubly Balanced Ring Mixersp. 301
Microwave Star Mixerp. 303
Biasable Balanced Mixerp. 308
Subharmonically Pumped Mixersp. 309
High-Frequency SHP Mixers Using Beam-Lead Diodesp. 309
Microstrip SHP Mixerp. 311
Referencesp. 312
FET Mixersp. 313
Design of Single-Gate FET Mixersp. 314
Design Philosophyp. 314
Approximate Design of Single-Gate Mixersp. 318
Design Examplep. 320
Numerical Analysis of FET Mixersp. 322
Dual-Gate Mixersp. 328
Operation of Dual-Gate Mixersp. 328
Approximate Small-Signal Analysis of Dual-Gate FET Mixersp. 331
Balanced FET Mixersp. 333
Single-Gate Balanced FET Mixersp. 334
Doubly Balanced FET Mixersp. 336
FET Resistive Mixersp. 338
Fundamental Conceptp. 338
Single-Device FET Resistive Mixerp. 339
Balanced FET Resistive Mixersp. 340
Distributed Mixersp. 344
Referencesp. 348
Monolithic Mixersp. 349
Applicationsp. 349
Communication Receiversp. 350
Televisionp. 350
Radarp. 350
Characteristics of the Monolithic Mediump. 351
General Characteristicsp. 351
Materialsp. 351
Circuit Elementsp. 352
Modelsp. 353
Testingp. 354
Circuitsp. 354
Devicesp. 354
FET Circuitsp. 355
Baluns and Hybridsp. 361
Diode Circuitsp. 364
Referencesp. 367
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890066058
ISBN-10: 0890066051
Series: Microwave Library
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 396
Published: 19th December 1993
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.79
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised