In racent years the LSI technology has witnessed a revoluti- onary development, and allowed substantial reductions in the size and cost of digital logic circuitry. Computer system building blocks have progressed from the level of discrete components to the level of complex ICs involving many logic circuits on a single "chip". The invention and wide applica- tions of microprocessors have changed the philosophy of the signal processing, measurement and control engineering fields. The microprocessor-based digital signal processing systems and controllers have replaced the conventional ones based on standard analog and digital computing equipment. The first microprocessors and "on-chip" computers have appeared towards the end of 71 beginning 72. Their evolution since then and the number of applications, in which they have been utilized, have both been extremely spectacular. New system concepts and hardware/software tools are steadily under development to sup- port the microprocessor in its multiple and complex tasks.
The goal of this book is to provide a cohesive and well-balan- ced set of contributions dealing with important aspects and applications of microprocessors to signal processing, measu- rement and system control. The majority of contributions in- clude sufficient review material and present rather complete treatments of the respective topics.
`The book should be read by students, scientists and engineers who use microprocessors as control or real-time computational components in equipment. A study of the areas relevant to his work will yield new knowledge and understanding and the whole book may give ideas which can be applied to further their own work.'
Kybernetics, 15 (1986)
Content.- I General Aspects.- 1 Microprocessors and their Applications - Outline of the Book.- Microprocessor Capabilities.- Microprocessor Applications.- Teaching Control System Design Using Microprocessors.- Outline of the Present Book.- References.- 2 Microcomputer Systems in Real-Time Applications.- Real-Time Processing.- Real-Time Hardware Design.- Real-Time Programming Environment.- Distributed Real-Time Systems.- References.- 3 Hardware and Software Aspects of Control Applications of Microprocessors.- Hardware Aspects.- Software Aspects.- Concluding Comments.- References.- II Signal Processing.- 4 Design and Implementation of the Digital Filter via the Signal Processor.- Infinite-Impulse-Response (IIR) Filter Design.- Finite-Impulse-Response (FIR) Filter Design.- Digital Filter Realization Structure.- Digital Filter Implementation.- References.- 5 Microcomputer-Based Waveform Analyzers and their Applications.- System Components.- Signal Processing Algorithms.- Applications.- References.- 6 Microcomputer-Based Interactive Image Processing.- Interactive Image Processing Systems.- A ?P-Based Interactive Image Processing System.- Advanced Microcomputer-Based Image Processing Systems.- Conclusion.- Acknowledgements.- References.- 7 State Observer Implementation via Microcomputers with Applications.- The State Estimation Problem: Practical Considerations.- Microcomputer Implementation of State Observers: Linear Noise-Free Case.- State Observers for Noise-Contaminated Outputs.- Observers for Nonlinear Systems.- Results of Simulation.- Conclusions.- References.- Appendix:Details of Hardware and Software.- 8 State Estimation Using Microprocessors for Process Supervision and Control.- State-of-the-Art.- State Estimation Algorithms.- Applications.- Conclusions.- References.- III Measurement.- 9 Microprocessor-Based Measurement Systems.- Structure and Organization of ?P-Based System.- Microprocessors in Measurement Systems.- The Future.- 10 Microcomputers in Nuclear Plant Data Measurement.- A Description of the Hanford N Reactor.- Discussion of Examples.- Microprocessor Based Evolution and Analysis System.- Linked Microprocessor-Minicomputer Data Communications Network.- High Speed Data Processing for Control Room Displays.- References.- IV Controllers.- 11 Microprocessor-Based Industrial Controllers.- The Application of Industrial Controllers.- Microprocessor Architectures.- Programmable Controllers.- Programmable Logic and Closed-Loop Controllers.- Architectural Convergence.- Conclusion.- References.- 12 Digital Controllers and their Microprocessor-Based Implementation.- Microprocessors and Microcontrollers.- Classical Digital Controllers.- Minimum-Variance and Self-Tuning Controllers.- Digital State Feedback Controllers.- Examples of Microprocessor -Based Controllers.- Concluding Remarks.- References.- V Application to Control and Automation.- 13 Speed Control of Motor Drives via Microprocessors.- Basic Concept of Microprocess or-Based Speed Control System.- Application of Modern Control Theory.- DC Drive System.- Induction Motor Drive.- Synchronous Motor Drive.- Conclusion.- References.- 14 Microprocessor Algorithm for the Control of SCR Motor Systems.- Motor Speed Control Model.- Digital Speed Control.- Digital Position Controller.- Firing Angle Limitations.- Experimental Results.- References.- Appendices.- 15 Microprocessor Control of Phase-Controlled Converters and Cycloconverters.- Review of Basic Principles.- Motivations for Microprocessor Control.- Possible Scope for Digital Phase Control.- Concluding Comments.- References.- 16 Industrial Robots and their Microcomputer Controls.- Types of Industrial Robots.- Path Control for Serial Link Manipulators.- Hardware Structure of a Control Unit for a Serial-Link Manipulator with Six Degrees of Freedom.- Applications and Future Developments of Industrial Robots.- References.- 17 Microcomputer Applications in Power System Substation Automation.- Background: Power System Substation Automation.- Basic Considerations for Hardware Design.- Microcomputer Applications.- Conclusions.- References.- 18 Microcomputers in the Pulp and Paper Industry.- Situation Today.- Typical Applications in the Pulp and Paper Industry.- Future Trends and Conclusions.- References.- 19 The Microprocessor in Railway Control Systems.- Approved Applications of ?Ps in Railway Systems.- Novel Applications of ?Ps in Railway Systems.- References.