The importance of microelectrodes is widely recognised and interest in their application in diverse areas of research has been increasing over the past ten years. In fact, several meetings organized by the International Society of Electrochemistry, The American Chemical Society and The U. S. Electrochemical Society have analysed various aspects of their theory and applications. For this reason it seemed that the time had arrived when scientists from around the world, actively concerned with research in the area of microelectrodes, should meet, exchange ideas and assess the direction of future developments. Furthermore, it seemed appropriate that this meeting should be held as a NATO Advanced Study Institute, so that students and young scientists with research interests in microelectrodes would have the opportunity to interact with experts in the field, establish future collaboration and, hopefully, catalyse new developments in the area. The meeting was held in Alvor, Portugal, in May 1990. This book compiles the lectures delivered in the Institute. It reviews the most important aspects of microelectrodes and points out directions for future research in this field. Several contributions discuss recent developments in theoretical aspects such as the properties of various geometries and computational procedures for solving the equations describing the coupling of mass transport to microelectrodes with heterogeneous electron tranfer and homogeneous chemistry. The materials and methods available for microelectrodes manufacture are presented in some detail. Both steady state and transient techniques are covered and the interaction of theory with experiment is discussed.
This book is warmly recommended to all those who intend to work in the field and get acquainted with both the practical and theoretical aspects. It will also be a useful tool for biochemists concerned with in vivo measurements.
Section 1. Introduction.- Why Microelectrodes?.- Review of Voltammetric Methods for the Study of Electrode Reactions.- Section 2. Theoretical Aspects.- Steady State Voltammetry.- Non-Steady State Processes at Microelectrodes, S. Pons, J. L. Daschbach.- Time Dependent Responses at Disk Electrodes.- Effect of Diminished Electrolyte.- Digital Simulation of Mass Transport to Ultramicroelectrodes.- Section 3. Techniques.- Normal and Reverse Pulse Voltammetry at Small Electrodes.- Square-Wave and Staircase Voltammetry at Small Electrodes.- The Use of Microelectrodes for Very Rapid Cyclic Voltammetry.- Section 4. Fabrication.- Preparation of Voltammetric and Potentiometrie Carbon Fibre Microelectrodes.- Lithographie and Related Microelectrode Fabrication Techniques.- Ensembles of Microelectrodes.- Section 5. Experimental aspects.- Digital Sampling Strategies that Discriminate Against Mains Interference (Noise). A Tutorial Review.- Experimental Aspects of Electrochemistry at Microelectrodes.- Section 6. Physical chemistry.- Chemical Applications of Electrochemistry at Ultramicroelectrodes.- Application of Ultramicroelectrodes to the Study of Chemical Systems I.- Application of Microelectrodes to the Study of Chemical Systems II.- Application of Direct and Indirect Electrochemical Techniques to the Investigation of Fast Kinetics.- Random Assemblies of Microdisk Electrodes (RAM Electrodes) for Nucleation Studies.A Tutorial Review.- Electrochemistry in the Gas Phase.- Polymer Electrolytes and Microelectrodes.- Adsorption and Kinetics at the Molecular Level.- Section 7. Applications.- Microelectrodes in Analysis.- Application of Microelectrodes in Electrosynthesis.- Microelectrodes in the Study of Localised Corrosion.- Microelectrodes in Biological Systems.- Studies of Metal Deposition and Dissolution Using Microelectrodes.- Advanced Batteries for Electronic Applications.- List of Participants.
Series: NATO SCIENCE SERIES SERIES E, APPLIED SCIENCES
Number Of Pages: 497
Published: 30th April 1991
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.15
Weight (kg): 1.04