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Michel Foucault's Archaeology of Scientific Reason : Science and the History of Reason - Gary Gutting

Michel Foucault's Archaeology of Scientific Reason

Science and the History of Reason

Hardcover Published: 29th September 1989
ISBN: 9780521366199
Number Of Pages: 324

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This is an important introduction to and critical interpretation of the work of the major French thinker, Michel Foucault. Through comprehensive and detailed analyses of such important texts as The History of Madness in the Age of Reason, The Birth of the Clinic, The Order of Things, and The Archaeology of Knowledge, the author provides a lucid exposition of Foucault's "archaeological" approach to the history of thought, a method for uncovering the "unconscious" structures that set boundaries on the thinking of a given epoch. The book casts Foucault in a new light, relating his work to Gaston Bachelard's philosophy of science and Georges Canguilhem's history of science. This perspective yields a new and valuable understanding of Foucault as a historian and philosopher of science, balancing and complementing the more common view of him as primarily a social critic and theorist.

"Gutting knows [Foucault's works] well. He summarizes them with clarity and precision and makes some valuable criticisms. The book is also exceptional in its treatment of the cultural context of the earlier Foucault." David Revill, The Times Literary Supplement "...Gary Gutting is the most likely to bring to historians of science a Foucault they will find comprehensible, if not uniformly congenial." Isis

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Bachelard and Canguilhemp. 9
Bachelard's philosophy of sciencep. 12
Reason and sciencep. 13
Bachelard's model of scientific changep. 14
The epistemological and metaphysical ramifications of Bachelard's modelp. 22
Canguilhem's history of sciencep. 32
Canguilhem's conception of the history of sciencep. 32
Canguilhem's conception of normsp. 45
Foucault and the Bachelard-Canguilhem networkp. 52
Madness and mental illnessp. 55
Early writings on mental illnessp. 55
Madness in the Classical Agep. 69
Mental illness and the asylump. 87
The voice of madnessp. 95
The history of madness: methods and resultsp. 100
Clinical medicinep. 111
Classical medicinep. 112
A new medical consciousnessp. 115
The clinic as an institutionp. 118
The linguistic structure of medical signsp. 120
The probabilistic structure of medical casesp. 122
Seeing and sayingp. 124
Anatomo-clinical medicinep. 127
The birth of the clinic: methods and resultsp. 133
The order of things: I. From resemblance to representationp. 139
The Renaissance epistemep. 140
Classical orderp. 146
Classical signs and languagep. 148
Classical knowledgep. 155
General grammarp. 157
Natural historyp. 162
Analysis of wealthp. 169
The common structure of the Classical domainsp. 173
Critical reactionsp. 175
The order of things: II. The rise and fall of manp. 181
The modern epistemep. 181
Philosophyp. 184
Modern empirical sciencesp. 186
Language and modern thoughtp. 195
Man and the analytic of finitudep. 198
The human sciencesp. 208
The order of things: methods and resultsp. 217
The archaeology of knowledgep. 227
The elements of archaeologyp. 231
Statementsp. 239
Archaeology and the history of ideasp. 244
Archaeology and the history of sciencep. 249
Discourse and the nondiscursivep. 256
Conclusionp. 260
Reason and philosophyp. 261
Archaeological method and Foucault's philosophical projectp. 262
Is Foucault's critique of reason self-refuting?p. 272
Conclusionp. 287
Bibliographyp. 289
Indexp. 304
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521366199
ISBN-10: 0521366194
Series: Modern European Philosophy
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 324
Published: 29th September 1989
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 13.8  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.56

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