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Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology : A Laboratory Manual :  A Laboratory Manual - G.A.F. Hendry

Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology : A Laboratory Manual

A Laboratory Manual

By: G.A.F. Hendry (Editor), J. Philip Grime (Editor)

Hardcover Published: January 1993
ISBN: 9780412462306
Number Of Pages: 252

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Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology: A laboratory manual is a sister book to the widely acclaimed Comparative Plant Ecology by Grime, Hodgson and Hunt. It contains details on some 90 critical concise diagnostic techniques by over 40 expert contributors. In one volume it provides an authoritative bench-top guide to diagnostic techniques in experimental plant ecology.

This book is ring bound which allows the volume to lie open on the laboratory bench. And make no mistake, it will lie open on many laboratory benches! Every plant ecology laboratory will want to have at least one copy. - Journal of Ecology It will be of value not only to the experienced researcher but also to the novice starting a project...extremely useful - New Phytologists There is much here of interest to teachers of A level and undergraduate biology and environmental science students. - The Biologist The manual has been well written and edited...very useful to beginning graduate students who are looking for suitable techniques...You do not have to be an adherent of the comparative plant ecology school to find this book a useful addition to your bookshelf... - Ecology

Contributors
Preface
Introduction
The need for comparative laboratory studiesp. 1
How to use the manualp. 5
Abbreviationsp. 7
General procedures and methodologies
Seed collecting, cleaning and long-term storagep. 9
Seed viability and germinationp. 10
The ISP aerial environment: lighting, day length, temperature and humidityp. 14
ISP germination and rooting environments; sand, compost and solution culturep. 19
Harvesting, recording weight, area and lengthp. 24
Photographic recordingp. 25
The ISP standard regimep. 28
Methods of comparative study
Anatomy
Aerenchyma, intercellular gas space and aerationp. 29
Functional plant anatomyp. 31
DNA
Chromosome numberp. 36
Nuclear DNA amountp. 38
Environmental impacts
Anoxia tolerance in germinating seeds, rhizomes, stolons and tubersp. 41
Response to defoliationp. 45
Desiccation tolerancep. 48
Drought tolerancep. 53
Effect of high temperatures on protein synthesisp. 55
Herbicide selectivityp. 58
Plant responses to low temperaturesp. 61
Ozone sensitivityp. 63
Sulphur dioxide pollutionp. 65
Sunfleck utilizationp. 68
Ultra-violet (UV-B) radiationp. 72
Growth
Adventitious rooting of cuttingsp. 74
Carbon budgetp. 77
Day length responsesp. 79
Establishment in a vertical light gradientp. 81
Foraging for lightp. 83
Foraging for mineral nutrientsp. 87
Fresh weight/dry weight and related ratiosp. 91
Constant temperature and shadep. 92
Fluctuating temperature and droughtp. 95
Mean relative growth ratep. 98
Response to carbon dioxide enrichmentp. 102
Variation in RGR underlying carbon economyp. 107
Leaves
Decompositionp. 110
Defence chemistryp. 113
Longevityp. 115
Palatabilityp. 116
Tearabilityp. 121
Metabolism
Calculation of specific activities of enzymesp. 123
Carbon isotope discrimination and water use efficiencyp. 125
Nitrate reductase activityp. 127
Acid phosphatasesp. 129
Photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence: simultaneous measurementsp. 130
Photosynthesis and respiration: use of O[subscript 2] electrodesp. 136
Respiration: the alternative pathwayp. 140
Respiration: cytochrome c oxidase activityp. 144
Storage carbohydratesp. 146
Stress indicators: chlorophylls and carotenoidsp. 148
Stress indicators: electrolyte leakagep. 152
Stress indicators: lipid peroxidationp. 154
Mineral nutrients
Chemical analysisp. 156
Uptake and yieldp. 163
Roots
Architectural analysesp. 165
Mycorrhizal infection: assessment and quantificationp. 170
Penetration and response to droughtp. 173
Seeds
Buoyancy in airp. 176
Defence chemistry (cyanide)p. 178
Defence chemistry (phenols)p. 180
Dormancy breakingp. 181
Germination at alternating temperaturesp. 183
Germination at a range of constant temperaturesp. 185
Germination and the high irradiance reactionp. 187
Germination and soil water potentialp. 190
Mineral nutrient contentp. 192
Morphology and colourp. 194
Organic reservesp. 196
Persistence in soilp. 199
Sizep. 202
Shoots
Architecture and vigourp. 205
Toxicity
Aluminiump. 208
Cadmium sensitivity and constitutive resistancep. 211
Ironp. 213
Sulphidep. 215
Variability in seed storage proteinsp. 218
Quantitative synthesisp. 223
Epilogue: the future development of comparative methodologiesp. 239
The problemp. 239
The search for an answerp. 240
Species indexp. 241
Subject indexp. 245
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780412462306
ISBN-10: 0412462303
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 252
Published: January 1993
Publisher: Chapman and Hall
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.6 x 18.9  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.79