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Meteorites :  Messengers from Space - F. Heide

Meteorites

Messengers from Space

By: F. Heide, Frank Wlotzka, W. Dobler (Illustrator), R.S.J. Clarke (Translator)

Paperback Published: July 2008
ISBN: 9783540581055
Number Of Pages: 233

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This is an easy-to-read introduction to, and overview of, current knowledge about meteorites. With information on fall phenomena, chemical and mineral composition, and classification, the book also provides current information on meteorite falls for planning observations. Accessible to the layperson and student, this concise book is thorough enough to serve as an introduction for scientists.

Meteorites - as well as shooting stars and meteors - result from a collision of a solid body from space with our Earth, but only meteorites are able to penetrate the Earth's protective shield, the atmosphere, and fall to the Earth's surface. Before the return of lunar samples, they were the only materials from beyond the Earth which we could take in hand and study.This book gives a concise and up-to-date description of meteorites - fall phenomena, chemical and mineral composition, classification - as well as a discussion of their formation and origin, which also tells us the story of the formation of our Planetary System. The text is understandable for laymen and students, but can also be used as an introduction to the field for students and scientists.

"I enjoyed reading it and will hesitate to recommend it to friends and undergraduate students who are keen to tap at the door of this exciting discipline." Meteoritics


Introduction 1
1 Fall Phenomena 5
1.1 Light Phenomena 5
1.2 Sound Phenomena 16
1.3 The Main Meteorite Groups 18
1.4 Effects on Landing 19
1.5 Meteorite Showers 24
1.6 Hypervelocity Impacts 29
1.7 Number and Distribution of Meteorite Falls 66
1.8 The History of Meteoritics 81
1.9 Observations of Importance for a Meteorite Fall 89
1.1 How Can a Meteorite Be Recognized? 92
2 The Meteorites 97
2.1 Cosmic Dust 97
2.2 The Size of Meteorites 100
2.3 The Shape of Meteorites 107
2.4 Surface Characteristics 110
2.5 Mineralogy and Classification of Meteorites 112
2.6 The Chemical Significance of Meteorites 152
2.7 The Cosmic Abundance of the Elements 157
2.8 Isotope Anomalies 164
2.9 Organic Compounds 166
3 The Origin and Formation of Meteorites 169
3.1 Meteorite Ages 169
3.2 The Origin of Meteorites 180
3.3 The Formation of Chondrites 187
3.4 Planetesimals and the Formation of Achondrites 194
3.5 Regolith, Primordial Rare Gases, and the Solar Wind 196
3.6 The Planets 198
3.7 Conclusions 199
Appendix 203
Meteorite Collections and Research 203
Exchange Value of Meteorites 207
Etching of Iron Meteorites 210
Detection of Nickel 210
Meteorite Falls from 1985 Through 1993 211
Literature 217
Composition of Meteorites and the Earth's Crust 220
Subject Index 223

ISBN: 9783540581055
ISBN-10: 3540581057
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 233
Published: July 2008
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 20.57 x 13.39  x 1.04
Weight (kg): 0.29