Chronologically-arranged, this anthology contains the essential primary readings on metaphysics, stretching from pre-socratic views of reality such as Heraclitus and Permenides up to Russell. This text includes many of the great classics such as: Aristotle's work from Metaphysics, Aquinas and Ockham on universals and nominalism, and Kant's work from the First Critique. Moving forward with the outstanding work of Russell and Heidegger, this volume also covers key non-western readings.The volume discusses metaphysics as Aristotle originally defined it and includes selections that represent different views on the fundamental nature of existence. The selections examine the study of realism, idealism, materialism and phenomenalism. Each selection begins with a substantial introduction to metaphysics and offers helpful discussions about the context, content and relationship to other writings.
1. Tao Te Ching, Selected Chapters.
2. Plato, Phaedrus 245-50: Plato.
3. Metaphysics Books VII-VIII (Selected Chapters): Aristotle.
4. (A) Sayings On 'Conditioned Genesis'. (B) Lalitavistara, XIII 95-117. (C) Nagarjuna, Madhyamaka-Karika, Dedication and Chapter 25: Gotama (The Buddha).
5. Brahmasutrabhasya (Selections): Samkara.
6. Principles of Philosophy Part I: René: Descartes.
7. Ethics Part I: Benedict De Spinoza.
8. An Essay Concernin g Human Understanding Book II, Chapters 8 and 23 (1-11): John Locke.
9. Monadology: G. W. Liebnitz.
10. The Principles of Human Knowledge, Part I: 1-37: George Berkeley.
11. Critique of Pure Reason Second Edition, Transcendental Aesthetic, 1-3, 8: Immanuel Kant.
12. The World As Will and Representation, Vol II, Chapter 18: Arthur Schopenhauer.
13. An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy, Chapter 11: John Stuart Mill.
14. Appearance and Reality, Chapters 13 and 14: F. H. Bradley.
15. 'The One and The Many': William James.
16. The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lecture VIII: Bertrand Russell.
17. A. N. Whitehead, Process and Reality, Part I, Chapters 1 and 2 (Selected Sections): A. N. Whitehead.
18. Being and Time, 14-15, 19, 21: Martin Heidegger.