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Mestizo : The History, Culture and Politics of the Mexican and the Chicano --The Emerging Mestizo-Americans - Arnoldo Carlos Vento


The History, Culture and Politics of the Mexican and the Chicano --The Emerging Mestizo-Americans

Paperback Published: 28th January 1997
ISBN: 9780761809203
Number Of Pages: 336

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This text covers over 2,000 years, tracing the roots of the contemporary Mexican-American. It utilizes the fields of history, political science, cultural anthropology, folklore, literature, sociolinguistics, Latin American studies and ethnic studies. Thus, it is unique for its multidisciplinary approach which probes into the past of the underclass--the exploited Native-American, Campesino and Mexican-American. It presents, therefore, an insider's view of the history, culture and politics of the Mestizo/Mestiza as an underclass. Most important, it presents a new perspective that invalidates the current Spanish/European and Western interpretation of Native-American reality.

Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Roots, Colonialism and Conflict (300 A.D.-1890)
Pre-Columbian Cultures of America
The Classical Period: The Rise of Great Civilizations
Introductionp. 1
The Urban Civilization of Teotihuakanp. 2
Cakaxtla and Xochikalko--The Mayan Linkp. 4
Classic Veracruzp. 5
Classic Monte Albanp. 6
The Classic Collapsep. 6
The Post-Classic Period: The Toltekah Confederation
The Northern Nomads: The Teo-Chichimekahsp. 7
Tollan and the Toltekahsp. 8
The United States Southwest Connectionp. 12
Late Zapotekan Culture: Mitlap. 12
The Purepecha: The Tarascansp. 13
The Post-Classic Renaissance: The Confederation of Anauak
Roots, Early Formation and Nature of a Peoplep. 14
The Arrival to Chapultepek and the Problems of Settlementp. 19
The Founding of Metziko-Tenochtitlanp. 21
The Second Epoch of Formation: Government and Leadershipp. 22
Moktekuzoma Xokoyotzin: The Invasion of Metziko Tenochtitlanp. 26
The Broken Treaty of August 22, 1521 and The Anatomy of a Nationp. 28
The End of High Culture and the Beginning of Western Hegemonyp. 29
Aztekah Education and the Search for Neltilizltli and Cohuayotlp. 30
Cultural Dominance of Spanish Colonialism and Native Cultural Counter-Hegemony
European Medieval Culture: Church and Statep. 43
Church Councils and the Romanization of the Church
The Rise of the Church to a Temporal Power
Negative Impact of Teutonic Culture: Spain and Europe
The Crusades and Reconquista
Society in the Middle Ages
The Spanish Medieval Church and the Inquisition
Spanish Neo-Feudalism: New Spainp. 47
Spanish Medievalism in the Carribean
Invasion of the Mainland and Censorship
The Middle Ages in the Americas
Native-American, Mestizo and Criollo: Western Social and Color Prejudice
Spanish Didactic and Religious Mission: Autocthonous Cultural/Religious Genocide
Change of Arms: Criollo Takeover and the Contribution of Neo-Colonialism
Aztec Colonial Myths: Historical/Religious Bias and Misinterpretationp. 57
Zenteotl or The One Supreme Force
The Colonial Myth of Hell as Mictlan
The Colonial Myth of Fatalism
The Colonial Myth of Polytheism
The Colonial Myth of Ketzalkoatl as an Anthropomorphic God
The Colonial Myth of Imperialism
The Colonial Myth of Slavery
The Colonial Myth of Cannibalism and Human Sacrifice
The Colonial Myth of Dipsomania
The Problem of Using Altered and Biased Post-Conquest Codices and Chronicles
The Colonial Myth of Machismo and The Debased Woman
An Autocthonous View of Aztec Society
Mexican Counter Hegemony: Autocriticism, the Search for Identity and the Chicano
The Ateneo de la Juventud and Mexicanidadp. 91
Mestizajep. 92
Jose Vasconcelos: Mestizaje as a Developing Human Consciousnessp. 94
Antonio Caso: El Problema de Mexico y la Ideologia de Mexicop. 95
Samuel Ramos: El Perfil del Hombre y la Culturap. 98
The Metaphysics of Vasconcelos: La Raza Cosmica, Indologiap. 100
Octavio Paz: El Laberinto de la Soledadp. 101
Jose Iturriaga: "El Caracter del Mexicano"p. 103
Rosario Castellanos, Leopoldo Zea and Emilio Urangap. 105
Contemporary Analyses: Roger Batra, Sara Sefchovichp. 106
Conclusions to the Analysis of the Mexican Characterp. 107
The Chicano/Tejano/Mexican-Americanp. 114
Chicano Cultural Background
European Racial Legacy
Socio-Economic Classifications
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The Chicano Movement
Chicano Characteristics
Assimilation and Imitation
Conclusions to the Analysis of the Chicano Characterp. 122
The Mexican and Mexicanidad
The Chicano/Chicana and Chicanidad
The New Mestizajicanidad
The Clash of Two Cultures
From English-American Colonialism to XIX Imperialismp. 131
The Background: English-American and Spanish Colonialism
Culture and the Hegemonic Proces
Religious Intolerance, Expansionism and Exploitation
Cultural/Religious Bias and Colonial Literature
Attitudes towards Mexicans and Native-Americans
Biased U.S. Literature: The Spanish Colonial Connection
XIX Century Invasion/Conquest of Texas: Cultural Conflict and Resistancep. 138
Early Political Agenda for Expanisionism: From Benjamin Franklin to Stephen F Austin
Mexican Texas: Demography and Cultural Distinctions
U.S. Coercion Politics and The Battle of the Alamo
A Mexican Account of the Alamo
The Policies of Polk and the Provoked Attack on Matamoros by Zachary Taylor
Juan Nepomuceno Cortina: Rebel for Justicep. 145
Frontier Lawlessness and Corrupt Oligarchy
Banditry or Ethical Defense
Cortina the Citizen and his Proclamation
Texas Rangers and Vigilante Reprisals
Cortina the Man
U.S. Political and Territorial Ambitionsp. 151
Polk's Plan, The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and Slavery
Historical Distortions and The Land Grab
Expansionism and Resistance: New Mexico
Two Societies in Conflict in Arizona
The Final Invasion/Conquest California and the Californios
The XX Century Mestizo/ Chicano
Mexican/ Chicano Adaptation, Racism and Resistance
The Background: 1890-1939p. 171
Mexican Labor and Race Relations
El Plan de San Diego
Texas Rangers and Army Persecutions
Magonista Resistance
Repatriation, Segregation and Power Politics
Mexican/Chicano Resistance Movements of the Southwestp. 178
Mexican-American Unions and Mutual Aid Societies
League of Latin-Americans(1927)
Integration vs. Assimilation
Racism and Anglo Social Hierarchy
Migration to the Midwest
Sleepy Lagoon Case and The Zoot Suit Riots
The Marginal World of the Pachuco
Public Racial Discrimination in Texas
Public Education and Political Organizationp. 190
Mendez vs. The Wesminister School District
Ethnocentrism and Language Discrimination
Immigration, Texas Legislature Racism and The Texas Rangers
The Leadership: Canales, Perales, Castaneda, Sanchez
Definitions of "The Mexican Problem"
G.I. Forum, La Raza Unida Party and M.A.L.D.F.
Education in the Eighties and the Nineties
Chicano Mobilization and Organization
Cesar Chavezp. 205
Reies Lopez Tijerina and the Land Grant Questionp. 211
The Chicano Movement: Socio-Political and Academic Impactp. 215
Activism and the Cantos in the Sixties and Seventiesp. 216
Chicano Activism and The Crusade for Justice: Rodolfo Corky Gonzalezp. 220
Etymology of "Chicano" and El Plan Espiritual de Aztlanp. 221
Angel Gutierrez and MAYOp. 223
Crystal City and La Raza Unidap. 225
Chicano Academic, Cultural and Critical Achievements
Chicano Studiesp. 231
Chicano Studies Programs
Chicano Student Organizations
Journals and Small Presses
Flor Y Canto and Canto al Pueblo: Poetry and Artp. 237
Ricardo Sanchez: Liberationist and Humanist Poetp. 242
Luis Valdez and Teatro Campesinop. 247
Prose Fiction: Novel and Short Storyp. 249
Cultural Inheritance, Identity and Awareness
Culture, Folklore and Languagep. 259
Southwestern Chicano Dialects
Raza Humor
Chicano/ Tejano Music
Chicano Cinema
Chicanismo/Chicanidad: From Pre-Columbian Roots to Mestizajicanidadp. 274
Origin and Meaning of "Chicano": Philosophical and Societal Implications
Pluralism and Universality of Vasconcelos' La Raza Cosmica
Chicano Customs and Celebrations: Cholos, Hispanos, Latinos and Mestizo-Americans
The Chicana/Latina: Cultural Inheritance, Struggles and Awarenessp. 281
Role of Women in History: Pre-Columbian Models vs. Western Models
The Contemporary Chicana/ Latina: The New Mestiza-American
Precursors of Mestiza Feminism
Anglo-American Perceptions
The Angel of Goliad and the Adelita from the Valley
Luisa Moreno, Malagram Gonzalez, Dolores Huerta, Francisca Flores, Alicia Escalante: From the Thirties to the Sixties
De Colores and Linda Morales Armas
The Seventies: Estela Portillo Trambley, Lorna Dee Cervantes, Evangelina Vigil, Bernice Zamora, Angela de Hoyos
The Eighties: Alma Villanueva, Pat Mora, Sandra Cisneros, Lucha Corpi, Roberta Fernandez, Irene Beltran Hernandez
The Decolonization of the History of Women
Bibliographyp. 297
Indexp. 307
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761809203
ISBN-10: 0761809201
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: 28th January 1997
Publisher: UNIV PR OF AMER
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.81 x 14.99  x 1.8
Weight (kg): 0.45