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Mental Models and the Interpretation of Anaphora : Essays in Cognitive Psychology - Alan Garnham

Mental Models and the Interpretation of Anaphora

Essays in Cognitive Psychology

Hardcover Published: 9th November 2000
ISBN: 9781841691282
Number Of Pages: 180

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The interpretation of anaphora - how we interpret expressions such as definite pronouns (he, she, it) and verbal elliptical phrases (such as "did so, too") in the course of ordinary conversation or reading - is an important aspect of language comprehension.
In this book the author examines the research and evidence on anaphor interpretation within the context of the mental models theory of comprehension, arguing that the notion of a mental model is essential to the detailed description of the processes of anaphor resolution. The general philosophy of the mental models approach and the nature of mental models themselves and their role in language processing is discussed, followed by a review of methodological issues that bear on the interpretation of psychological research findings. Against this background, the author's own research on areas such as deep and surface anaphora, reference into anaphoric islands, the role of implicit causality in anaphor resolution and the use of pronouns to refer to characters introduced by stereotyped role names is presented.
At all times the author's research is set within the context of the general literature on anaphor resolution derived from the disciplines of linguistics, psycholinguistics, philosophy and computational linguistics, ensuring that the book will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in these fields.

Industry Reviews

One of the pleasures of Granham's book is that it calls attention to a variety of types of anaphora that will likely have fallen outside most readers' notice. - Richard J. Gerrig, State University of New York, in Contemporary Psychology

This is an excellent book. ... The major strengths are its scope of coverage and the clarity of the writing ... I am happy to have had the chance to review it. - Peter C. Gordon, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Mental models: Their nature and constructionp. 5
Formal semanticsp. 6
Possible worldsp. 14
Summaryp. 15
Mental models and language processingp. 17
The scope of mental models theoryp. 17
Mental models as a framework for developing detailed subtheoriesp. 19
The symbolic nature of mental models theoryp. 19
Assumptions of mental models theoryp. 19
Bransford's theory of language understandingp. 25
What a theory of language processing should explainp. 27
Partial interpretations of a textp. 33
Alternatives to mental models theory?p. 34
Summaryp. 36
Linguistic approaches to anaphorap. 39
What are anaphoric expressions?p. 40
What does a linguistic account of anaphora try to explain?p. 41
The meaning of anaphoric expressionsp. 46
Syntactic constraints on anaphorap. 51
Discourse constraints on anaphorap. 54
Summaryp. 55
Psycholinguistic approaches to anaphora: Methodological issuesp. 57
Experimental methodologiesp. 57
A corpus of anaphoric expressionsp. 62
Summaryp. 64
Psycholinguistic approaches to anaphora: Empirical studiesp. 65
Identification of anaphoric expressionsp. 66
Types of meaning of anaphoric expressionsp. 66
Associating anaphoric expressions with aspects of contextp. 67
Summaryp. 93
Deep and surface anaphorsp. 95
The linguistic distinction between deep and surface anaphorsp. 95
Psychological research on deep and surface anaphorsp. 99
Summaryp. 107
Anaphoric islandsp. 109
What is an "anaphoric island"?p. 109
Psychological work on anaphoric islandsp. 116
Summaryp. 118
Implicit causalityp. 121
Local causal relations: Implicit causalityp. 122
Empirical studies of implicit causalityp. 124
Implicit consequentialityp. 136
Summaryp. 137
Stereotypesp. 139
Summaryp. 143
A mental models theory of understanding anaphorap. 145
Mental models as representations of text contentp. 145
Mental models and representations of surface formp. 146
Focusp. 146
Inferencep. 147
Summaryp. 147
Referencesp. 149
Author indexp. 163
Subject indexp. 167
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781841691282
ISBN-10: 1841691283
Series: Essays in Cognitive Psychology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 180
Published: 9th November 2000
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.0  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1

Earn 223 Qantas Points
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