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Mental Health : A Philosophical Analysis - Per-Anders Tengland

Mental Health

A Philosophical Analysis

Hardcover

Published: 30th November 2001
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Mental health issues are a growing concern in our modern Western society. This is part of an increasing interest in questions about health, quality of life, personal development, and self-fulfilment. However, most of what has been written so far has had its focus on mental illness or disease, the negative side of the coin, and few attempts have been made to discuss more thoroughly, from a philosophical perspective, what it is to be mentally healthy. The present book is such an attempt.
The author's aim is to analyze, philosophically, the notion of `positive mental health'. In so doing a number of ideas found in the literature are presented and discussed. The author also raises some important methodological questions. The final result of the analysis is a formal and a material reconstruction of the concept of "positive mental health".
The book will be of value to all professionals within the health care sector, in particular to psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists. It will also be of interest to philosophers and social scientists working with health questions.

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introducting the Subject
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 1
Purposep. 3
A structural synopsis of this bookp. 4
Methodp. 6
The significance of an analysis of the notion of "positive mental health"p. 8
What is the mental?p. 9
On possible causes of mental healthp. 10
A summary of this bookp. 10
Some Attempts to Demarcate Mental Mealth
Psychiatry and positive ental healthp. 15
Psychiatric textbooks and positive mental healthp. 15
Concepts of health and diseasep. 16
Conclusionp. 25
Psychiatric diagnostics and positive mental healthp. 26
The Diagnosis of Mental Disordersp. 27
Conclusionp. 34
Psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology and positive mental healthp. 35
Psychoanalysisp. 35
The goals of psychoanalysis and analytic psychotherapyp. 37
Conclusionsp. 40
Humanistic Psychologyp. 41
Carl Rogers on mental healthp. 41
Conclusionp. 44
Marie Jahoda's Current Concepts of Positive Mental Healthp. 47
Introductionp. 47
Mental health as absence of mental diseasep. 48
Normalityp. 49
Well-beingp. 49
Six groups of criteria for positive mental healthp. 50
Attitudes toward the selfp. 50
Growth, development, and self-actualizationp. 52
Integrationp. 53
Autonomyp. 54
Perception of realityp. 55
Environmental masteryp. 56
Some general commentsp. 59
A discussion of the criteria proposed by Jahodap. 60
Attitudes toward the selfp. 60
Growth, development, and self-actualizationp. 65
Integrationp. 68
Autonomyp. 70
Perception of realityp. 70
Environmental masteryp. 72
Conclusionp. 77
Toward a Theory of Positive Mental Health
Theories of healthp. 81
Introductionp. 81
Reznek's theoryp. 82
Boorse's biostatistical theoryp. 83
A Critique of Boorse's analytical theoryp. 84
Conclusionp. 87
Nordenfelt's holistic theoryp. 88
A critique of Nordenfelt's theoryp. 89
Conclusionp. 93
Pestana's theory of mental healthp. 94
An analysis and a quasi-empirical investigation of some mental abilitiesp. 97
Introductionp. 97
Acceptable mental healthp. 97
The concept "ability"p. 100
A choice of mental features to be further discussedp. 102
Well-being and the absence of ill-beingp. 103
Cognitive abilitiesp. 104
Memoryp. 105
Correct Perception of Realityp. 105
Rationalityp. 107
Problem-Solving Capacityp. 114
Flexibility and Creativityp. 117
Feelingsp. 122
Emotions, moods, and sensationsp. 122
Self-related attitudesp. 127
Self-knowledgep. 127
Self-confidence and Self-esteemp. 129
Autonomyp. 130
Social abilitiesp. 133
The mental ability to communicatep. 133
The pragmatics of communicationp. 136
Co-operationp. 136
Summaryp. 137
Potentiality and actualityp. 138
Syndromep. 139
Toward a Material Theory of Acceptable Mental Healthp. 141
Acceptable mental health as practical rationality and the ability to co-operatep. 142
The ability of practical rationalityp. 142
The ability to co-operatep. 147
Conclusionp. 150
Consequences and Conclusion
The Value of a Conceptual Analysis for Measuring Mental Healthp. 153
Psychotherapy outcome researchp. 153
Some general problems in outcome researchp. 153
A manual for assessing progress in psychotherapyp. 157
Health-measuring instrumentsp. 161
The Mental Health Inventoryp. 162
The General Health Questionnairep. 165
Conclusionp. 166
Conclusionp. 167
Summaryp. 167
Two possible objectionsp. 169
Genderp. 169
Moralityp. 170
Personalityp. 171
Final remarksp. 171
Bibliographyp. 173
Subject Indexp. 179
Name Indexp. 181
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402001796
ISBN-10: 1402001797
Series: International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 182
Published: 30th November 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 1.02