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Medieval Philosophy : An Historical and Philosophical Introduction - Dr. John Marenbon

Medieval Philosophy

An Historical and Philosophical Introduction

Paperback Published: 2nd October 2006
ISBN: 9780415281133
Number Of Pages: 449

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This new introduction replaces Marenbon's best-selling editions Early Medieval Philosophy (1983) and Later Medieval Philosophy (1987) to present a single authoritative and comprehensive study of the period. It gives a lucid and engaging account of the history of philosophy in the Middle Ages, discussing the main writers and ideas, the social and intellectual contexts, and the important concepts used in medieval philosophy.

Medieval Philosophy gives a chronological account which:

  • treats all four main traditions of philosophy that stem from the Greek heritage of late antiquity: Greek Christian philosophy, Latin philosophy, Arabic philosophy and Jewish philosophy
  • provides a series of 'study' sections for close attention to arguments and shorter 'interludes' that point to the wider questions of the intellectual context
  • combines philosophical analysis with historical background
  • includes a helpful detailed guide to further reading and an extensive bibliography

All students of medieval philosophy, medieval history, theology or religion will find this necessary reading.

Industry Reviews

'Professor Marenbon's book is an authoritative, comprehensive, yet accessible survey of medieval philosophy, written by an expert at the height of his critical powers. Not only does the book guide the reader through the diverse issues of medieval philosophy, but provides sagacious instruction and illuminating commentary on the central topics of its chosen period of study.' -- Martin Stone, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium 'Marenbon has managed to write about an enormous array of topics in a lucid and accessible way. His prose is clear without being condescending, informative without being either patronizing or importunate. The beginner will find it approachable and unpretentious.' -- Peter King, University of Toronto, Canada

Prefacep. ix
Methods of referencep. xi
Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
The ancient traditions in medieval philosophyp. 6
What was ancient philosophy?p. 6
Some Aristotelian themesp. 7
Plato, and the Hellenistic Schoolsp. 13
Plotinus's Neoplatonismp. 16
Porphyry and Aristotelian logicp. 20
Iamblichus and Proclusp. 22
Old and new religionsp. 25
Translations, Latin philosophy and the Latin Fathersp. 28
Augustinep. 29
Old traditions and new beginningsp. 34
Boethius and the logical curriculum at the end of antiquityp. 35
The problem of prescience in Boethius's 'Consolation'p. 42
Monks and encyclopaedists: the Latin West from 525-780p. 46
Philosophy and a manuscript culturep. 48
The last pagan philosophers, and their Christian pupilsp. 50
Eternity and the universe: Augustine, Boethius and Philoponusp. 53
The East, from Justinian to the Umayyadsp. 56
The varieties of philosophy under the 'Abbasidsp. 62
Alcuin and philosophy at the court of Charlemagnep. 70
John Scottus Eriugena and the ninth centuryp. 73
Gottschalk, Eriugena and his contemporaries on predestination and salvationp. 78
Commentary traditions: Byzantium and the Latin Westp. 82
Priscianus ad regem Osdroep. 83
Traditions apartp. 85
The beginnings of medieval Jewish philosophyp. 85
The kalam traditionp. 88
Arabic free-thinkers?p. 90
Farabip. 91
Ismailis and Neoplatonistsp. 100
Avicennap. 103
Ancient philosophy, logic and metaphysics in the eleventh-century Latin Westp. 114
Anselmp. 119
Anselm's 'ontological' argumentp. 124
Psellos, Italos, and the twelfth-century Byzantine Aristoteliansp. 129
Latin philosophy in the twelfth centuryp. 131
Logic and grammar at the turn of the twelfth centuryp. 132
Peter Abelardp. 135
Abelard on universalsp. 139
Abelard, the Philosophus and the ancient philosophersp. 144
Abelard and early medieval ethicsp. 145
The schools, Platonism and William of Conchesp. 148
Gilbert of Poitiersp. 152
Abelard and Gilbert on possibilityp. 156
The beginnings of Latin scholastic theologyp. 160
The Platonisms of the later twelfth centuryp. 161
Platonism and poetryp. 163
The Parisian schools of the later twelfth centuryp. 164
Beyond Paris: the scientists and the translatorsp. 169
The variety and distinctiveness of twelfth-century Latin philosophyp. 171
Philosophy in twelfth-century Islamp. 172
Islamic theology and Avicennap. 172
Suhrawardi - theosophist or philosopher?p. 177
Philosophy in al-Andalusp. 178
Averroesp. 182
Marriage in the Republicp. 191
Maimonides and Jewish Aristotelianismp. 192
Philosophy in Paris and Oxford, 1200-77p. 205
Paris and Oxford universities: the translations, the curriculum and the forms of philosophical writingp. 206
Pseudepigrapha and the medieval Aristotlep. 214
Grammar and logicp. 218
Arts Masters and theologians: 1200-50p. 224
Theology in Paris: Bonaventure and Albert the Greatp. 230
Thomas Aquinasp. 236
Aquinas and the historiography of medieval philosophyp. 245
The five waysp. 247
Aquinas on eternity and presciencep. 251
Latin Averroism: the Paris Arts Faculty in the 1260s and 1270sp. 254
The eternity of the world: Bonaventure, Aquinas and Boethius of Daciap. 258
The potential intellect, Aquinas, Averroes and Siger of Brabantp. 262
The 1277 condemnations and their significancep. 266
Philosophy in the universities, 1280-1400p. 271
The Albertine traditionp. 272
Henry of Ghent, Godfrey of Fontaines and Peter John Olivip. 275
Duns Scotusp. 280
Scotus, the King of France and the Jewsp. 287
Scotus on possibilityp. 290
Between Scotus and Ockhamp. 293
William of Ockhamp. 296
Ockham and the problem of presciencep. 305
The Paris Arts Faculty and fourteenth-century Averroismp. 308
Oxford and Paris theology after Ockhamp. 311
Holcot and the philosophersp. 314
Logica modernorump. 319
John Buridanp. 322
The late fourteenth centuryp. 325
How far can you go? Biagio Pelacani di Parmap. 327
Philosophy outside the universities, 1200-1400p. 329
Outside the universities: philosophy, courts and the vernacular in the Latin Westp. 330
Byzantine philosophyp. 335
Philosophy in Islamp. 338
Jewish philosophyp. 339
Not an epilogue: 'medieval' philosophy, 1400-1700p. 349
Guide to further reading and materialp. 353
Bibliographyp. 385
Indexp. 437
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415281133
ISBN-10: 041528113X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 449
Published: 2nd October 2006
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.69
Edition Number: 1