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Medieval Modal Logic and Science : Augustine on Scientific Truth and Thomas on Its Impossibility Without a First Cause :  Augustine on Scientific Truth and Thomas on Its Impossibility Without a First Cause - Robert C. Trundle

Medieval Modal Logic and Science : Augustine on Scientific Truth and Thomas on Its Impossibility Without a First Cause

Augustine on Scientific Truth and Thomas on Its Impossibility Without a First Cause

Paperback Published: August 1999
ISBN: 9780761813989
Number Of Pages: 208

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Medieval Modal Logic & Science uses modal reasoning in a new way to fortify the relationships between science, ethics, and politics. Robert C. Trundle accomplishes this by analyzing the role of modal logic in the work of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas, then applying these themes to contemporary issues. He incorporates Augustine's ideas involving thought and consciousness, and Aquinas's reasoning to a First Cause. The author also deals with Augustine's ties to Aristotelian modalities of thought regarding science and logic, reassessing the commonly held belief in Augustine's Platonism to not be a mistake as much as a simplistic view of his philosophy. Trundle links contemporary issues in epistemology, morality, theology, and logic, making several useful connections between ancient and medieval studies in modal logic and modern concerns. These applications of modal theory illuminate many puzzles in the works of Heidegger, Wittgenstein, Whitehead, and Kuhn.

Foreword Commentsp. ix
Author's Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
St. Augustine: Plato and Aristotelian Modalities
Augustine: Plato and Aristotelianismp. 1
On the One hand... On the Otherp. 3
Aristotelian Truthp. 4
Platonic Realityp. 6
Reality and Truth: Wisdomp. 9
Aristotelian Modal Thoughtp. 13
Plato and Necessary Truthp. 14
Truth in Theology and Sciencep. 17
Modal Scientific Reasoningp. 18
Observation and Interpretationp. 26
Critique of Critical Thoughtp. 29
Aristotelianism Ignored by Scholars!p. 30
Unmistakable Aristotelian Causalityp. 34
Causality and Metaphysicsp. 36
Modalities and Critical Thoughtp. 38
Thinking Matter: Philosopher's Godp. 43
Self-Conscious Thought and a Modal Impossibilityp. 44
A Modally Relevant Consciousnessp. 47
Consciousness and Freedomp. 50
An Existentialist Essentialismp. 52
Theological Modalities and Meaningfulnessp. 55
Verification and Meaningfulnessp. 55
Science Paradigm for Experiencep. 58
Human Sciences and Lovep. 61
Experience and Deontic Modalitiesp. 63
Wittgenstein's "Awe" of Augustinep. 67
St. Thomas: Modalities and Causality
Thomas' Realms: Sacred in the Profanep. 71
Theology and Philosophyp. 72
Essence of Five Proofsp. 74
God via Negativia and Analogyp. 77
God's Natural Law and Moralityp. 78
The Good Political Statep. 81
The Modern State and Truthp. 82
Profane Despair: Preempted by a First Cause?p. 85
Why the Second Way?p. 87
The Second Way's First Premisep. 89
First Premise's Modal Statusp. 90
Ordinariness of the Premisep. 93
The Cause From Modally Relevant Experiencep. 97
Beginning with Modal Possibilitiesp. 98
Modalities from Experiencep. 102
Summary: Reasoning to the Premisep. 104
Contrast to Modern Metaphysicsp. 108
Anti-metaphysics and Political Truthp. 109
Experience to Modal Scientific Reasoningp. 113
The Proof and Modal Logicp. 114
Logic and Revelationp. 116
Epistemic Status of Premise's Truthp. 118
The Truth by Way of Sciencep. 120
Science and Philosophic Confusionp. 124
Soundness of Argumentp. 126
Reasoning in General Physics and Metaphysicsp. 129
The Argument and Astrophysicsp. 132
Biophysical and Political Systemsp. 133
Anthropocentric Sciencep. 136
Medieval Causality and Causal Truth?p. 139
"Truth" in a Human-Kantian Traditionp. 140
Persons and Personal Creatorp. 142
Afterword: the Alternative in Our Societyp. 147
Extremes of Ideological Truthp. 148
Falsification in Mainstream Philosophy of Physicsp. 150
Anti-metaphysical Ties to Ideologyp. 152
Emergence of Relativistic Weltanschauungenp. 154
A Suggested Kripkean Modal Interpretationp. 157
Interpreting an Equivalencep. 161
Faith and Reason of a Religious Philosopherp. 167
Bibliographyp. 171
Indexp. 181
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780761813989
ISBN-10: 0761813985
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 208
Published: August 1999
Publisher: UNIV PR OF AMER
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.22
Weight (kg): 0.31