to copywriter: Always list contributors This first study of the nature of frontiers and frontier societies in the Middle Ages focuses on those between England and Scotland, Wales and Ireland, Castile and Granada, and on the Elbe. It examines the consequences for frontier societies of being located in areas of cross-cultural contact, and often confrontation. Institutions, expectations and even local family structures are shown to have
been products of an environment of long-term and ubiquitous fighting. But, devices also developed in frontier societies for mediation, arbitration, and negotiation. Interaction between different religions, laws, languages, and mores, was often hostile, but could sometimes be flexible - responses which are reflected, for
example, in the literature and poetry of the areas involved. This comparative study, by expert contributors, throws new and important light on our thinking about frontiers, and fills a major gap in the history of medieval Europe. Contributors: Geoffrey Barrow, Robert Bartlett, Robert I. Burns, José Enrique López de Coca Castañer, Rees Davies, Robin Frame, Anthony Goodman, Manuel Conzález Jiménez, Paul Knoll, Friedrich
Lotter, Angus MacKay, Katherine Simms, Alfred Thomas.
`highly original and stimulating, and the bringing together of studies from diverse areas has underscored both the appealing variety and the instructive similarity of frontier experience.' Social History Society Newsletter
`remarkably coherent and provides many fascinating insights and nuggets of information which will be of value both to professional historians and to the non-specialist student ... It is so useful to have, within the covers of one volume, the work of the Celtic and Scottish border specialists ... This volume is highly to be commended.' History
`The contributions are excellent ... The range of the material, from economic to military and literary history, is impressive.' Journal of Medieval History
'These essays ... draw on a wealth of source material and historical commentary, much of it in recent publications ... The volume provides a substantial and stimulating contribution to the study of a range of issues which probably mattered more in the medieval period than its historians have hitherto allowed.'
J.B. Smith, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, EHR, July 1993
List of maps and tables; Abbreviations; List of contributors; Part I: Settlement: Geoffrey Barrow: Frontier and settlement: Which influenced which? England and Scotland, 1100-1300; Robert Bartlett: Colonial aristocracies of the High Middle Ages; Manuel González Jiménez: Frontier and settlement in the Kingdom of Castile (1085-1350); Part II: Institutions: Rees Davies: Frontier arrangements in fragmented societies: Ireland and Wales; Robin
Frame: Military service in the Lordship of Ireland 1290-1360: Institutions and society on Anglo-Gaelic frontier; Josd'e Enrique López de 'Coca Casta^ner: Institutions on the Castilian-Granadan frontier, 1369-1482; Paul Knoll: Economic and political institutions on the Polish-German frontier in the Middle Ages: Action,
reaction, interaction; Part III: Culture and Religion: Katherine Simms: Bards and Barons: The Anglo-Irish aristocracy and the native culture; Alfred Thomas: Czech-German relations as reflected in old Czech literature; Angus MacKay: Religion, culture, and ideology on the late medieval Castilian-Granadan frontier; Anthony Goodman: Religion and warfare in the Anglo-Scottish marches; Friedrich Lotter: The crusading idea and the conquest of the region East of the Elbe; Robert I. Burns: The
significance of the frontier in the Middle Ages; Bibliography; Index