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Medicine before Science : The Business of Medicine from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment - Roger French

Medicine before Science

The Business of Medicine from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment

Paperback

Published: 28th April 2003
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This book offers an introduction to the history of university-trained physicians from the middle ages to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. These were the elite, in reputation and rewards, and they were successful. Yet we can form little idea of their clinical effectiveness, and to modern eyes their theory and practice often seems bizarre. But the historical evidence is that they were judged on other criteria, and the argument of this book is that these physicians helped to construct the expectations of society - and met them accordingly. The main focus is on the European Latin tradition of medicine, reconstructed from ancient sources and relying heavily on natural philosophy for its explanatory power. This philosophy collapsed in the 'scientific revolution', and left the learned and rational doctor in crisis. The book concludes with an examination of how this crisis was met - or avoided - in different parts of Europe during the Enlightenment.

'The author combines erudition with a lively style in a book that should be read by anyone wishing to understand the history of medicine.' The Scientific and Medical Network Review 'Brilliant chapters discuss the theory of contagion after the Black Death, the impact of syphilis, and how the anatomical work of Vesalius and Harvey - together with the work of figures such as Galileo, Newton and Descartes - forced new attitudes on the profession.' British Medical Journal '... well-written and interesting ... As the final work in a long and illustrious career, Medicine before Science plays and important role in our understanding of medieval and early modern medical beliefs and practices.' History

Introduction
Sources
Hippocrates and the philosophers
Galen
The Latin Tradition
Medieval schools
Scholastic medicine
The weakening of the Latin tradition
The Crisis
The crisis of theory
Resolutions
Enlightenment, systems and science
Select bibliography
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521007610
ISBN-10: 0521007615
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 28th April 2003
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.4 x 16.15  x 1.85
Weight (kg): 0.46