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Mechanistic Home Range Analysis. (MPB-43) : Monographs in Population Biology - Paul R. Moorcroft

Mechanistic Home Range Analysis. (MPB-43)

Monographs in Population Biology

Paperback Published: 20th August 2006
ISBN: 9780691009285
Number Of Pages: 192

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Spatial patterns of movement are fundamental to the ecology of animal populations, influencing their social organization, mating systems, demography, and the spatial distribution of prey and competitors. However, our ability to understand the causes and consequences of animal home range patterns has been limited by the descriptive nature of the statistical models used to analyze them. In "Mechanistic Home Range Analysis," Paul Moorcroft and Mark Lewis develop a radically new framework for studying animal home range patterns based on the analysis of correlated random work models for individual movement behavior. They use this framework to develop a series of mechanistic home range models for carnivore populations.

The authors' analysis illustrates how, in contrast to traditional statistical home range models that merely describe pattern, mechanistic home range models can be used to discover the underlying ecological determinants of home range patterns observed in populations, make accurate predictions about how spatial distributions of home ranges will change following environmental or demographic disturbance, and analyze the functional significance of the movement strategies of individuals that give rise to observed patterns of space use.

By providing researchers and graduate students of ecology and wildlife biology with a more illuminating way to analyze animal movement, "Mechanistic Home Range Analysis" will be an indispensable reference for years to come.

"Mechanistic Home Range Analysis will be the reference book for quantifying animal movement in general for some years to come. Moorcroft and Lewis extend the basic concepts and mathematical models of the mid-1990s for animal movement, group behavior, and group predator-prey survival in major ways to new and interesting situations. They also bring to their modeling and analyses more accurate data obtained from recently improved systems of tracking animals in the wild."--J. D. Murray, University of Oxford and University of Washington
"This book greatly advances our rather simple and descriptive view of animal home ranges. It will have a profound effect on the analysis of animal movement data."--Joshua J. Millspaugh, University of Missouri

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Statistical Home Range Analysisp. 2
Mechanistic Home Range Analysisp. 4
From Individual Behavior to Patterns of Space Usep. 7
Movement in One Dimensionp. 8
Movement in Two Dimensionsp. 12
Directed and Random Motionp. 13
Predicting Home Range Patternsp. 21
Summaryp. 22
A Simple Mechanistic Home Range Modelp. 23
Model of Individual Movement Behaviorp. 24
Characterizing the Movement Behavior of a Red Foxp. 27
Equations for Patterns of Space Usep. 30
Solving for Patterns of Space Usep. 31
Predicted Red Fox Home Rangep. 33
Coyote Home Range Patternsp. 35
Summaryp. 37
A Model Based on Conspecific Avoidancep. 38
Model Formulationp. 39
Equations for Space Usep. 42
Empirical Evaluation of the Modelp. 43
Summaryp. 53
Comparative Analysis of Home Range Patterns Predicted by the Conspecific Avoidance Modelp. 55
Predicted Patterns of Space Usep. 55
Border versus Hinterland Scent Markingp. 60
The Distribution of Scent Marks along Boundariesp. 64
Summaryp. 66
Mathematical Analysis of the Conspecific Avoidance Modelp. 67
Model Equationsp. 67
Impact of the Scent-Marking Responsep. 68
Existence of a Buffer ZOnep. 72
Generalized Response Functionsp. 74
Summaryp. 78
The Influence of Landscape and Resource Heterogeneity on Patterns of Space Usep. 79
Landscape Heterogeneityp. 79
Resource Heterogeneity and Foraging Behaviorp. 82
Model Predictionsp. 89
Summaryp. 91
Home Range Formation in the Absence of a Den Sitep. 92
Model Formulationp. 92
Analysisp. 94
Summaryp. 96
Secondary Ecological Interactionsp. 97
wolf-Deer Interactionsp. 97
wolf-Coyote Interactionsp. 100
Summaryp. 103
Displacement Distances: Theory and Applicationsp. 104
The Minimum Convex Polygon Methodp. 104
Mean-Absolute and Mean-Squared Displacementp. 110
Summaryp. 114
ESS Analysis of Movement Strategies: Analyzing the Functional Significance of Home Range Patternsp. 115
Evolutionarily Stable Movement Strategy for Interacting Wolf Packsp. 116
Analysisp. 119
Roles of Aggression and Signalingp. 126
Summaryp. 128
Future Directions and Synthesisp. 130
Derivation of the Fokker-Planck Equation for Space Usep. 137
Alternative Derivation of the Space Use Equationp. 139
Autocorrelation in Movement Directionp. 140
Estimating the Parameters of the Localizing Tendency Modelp. 142
Movement with Attraction toward a Denp. 144
Model Fittingp. 149
Numerical Methods for Solving Space Use Equationsp. 151
Displacement Distancesp. 152
ESS Analysis Model Parametersp. 157
Referencesp. 158
Indexp. 169
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691009285
ISBN-10: 0691009287
Series: Monographs in Population Biology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 192
Published: 20th August 2006
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.11 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.37

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