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Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds : Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgs - Stefano Franchi

Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds

Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgs

By: Stefano Franchi (Editor), Guven Guzeldere (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st January 2005
ISBN: 9780262562065
Number Of Pages: 544
For Ages: 18+ years old

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Believing that the enterprise of constructing "artificial intelligence" transcends the bounds of any one discipline, the editors of "Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds" have brought together researchers in AI and scholars in the humanities to reexamine the fundamental assumptions of both areas. The AI community, for example, could benefit from explorations of human intelligence and creativity by philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, literary critics, and others, while analysis of AI's theoretical struggles and technical advances could yield insights into such traditional humanist concerns as the nature of rationality and the mind-body dichotomy. The contributions include a continuation of the famous Hubert Dreyfus-Daniel Dennett debate over Kasparov's defeat by IBM's Deep Blue; Philip Agre's tracing of difficulties in AI research to the inherited tensions of Cartesian dualism; Evelyn Fox Keller's examination of the development of computer technology in relation to biology; Douglas Hofstadter's argument that thinking is more than the theorem-solving activities of AI; and Alison Adam's discussion of the implicitly male universal subject used in AI.

Acknowledgmentsp. vii
Introductionp. 1
Introducing Artificial Intelligence: Past, Present, and Future
Machinations of the Mind: Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgsp. 15
In the Shadow of Artificial Intelligence: Automata, Cybernetics, and AI
The Soul Gained and Lost: Artificial Intelligence as a Philosophical Projectp. 153
The Man-Machine and Artificial Intelligencep. 175
Marrying the Premodern to the Postmodern: Computers and Organisms after World War IIp. 203
A Gallery of Monsters: Cybernetics and Self-Organization, 1940-1970p. 229
Controversies of Artificial Intelligence: Critics and Defenders
On Seeing A's and Seeing Asp. 249
Did Deep Blue's Win over Kasparov Prove That Artificial Intelligence Has Succeeded? A Debatep. 265
Machines and the Mentalp. 281
The Light Side of Artificial Intelligence
Dialogues with Colorful "Personalities" of Early AIp. 295
Artificial Intelligence Meets the Humanities: Epistemological Challenges
The Hume Machine: Can Association Networks Do More Than Formal Rules?p. 307
Knowing Subjects: AI from Feminist Philosophyp. 327
Humans, Machines, and the Structure of Knowledgep. 345
Swamped by the Updates: Expert Systems, Semioclasm, and Apeironic Educationp. 365
Broader Conceptions of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence Research as Artp. 391
Why AI Is Not a Sciencep. 409
Dance Floor Blues: The Case for a Social AIp. 423
The Epistemological and Philosophical Situation of Mind Technosciencep. 453
Phenomenology and Cognitive Sciencep. 471
Artificial Intelligence and Theology: From Mythos to Logos and Backp. 489
Contributorsp. 515
Indexp. 519
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262562065
ISBN-10: 0262562065
Series: Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 544
Published: 1st January 2005
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.86