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Measuring the Impact of the Nonprofit Sector : Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies - Patrice Flynn

Measuring the Impact of the Nonprofit Sector

Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies

By: Patrice Flynn (Editor), Virginia A. Hodgkinson (Editor)

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Published: 31st January 2002
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One of the major tasks facing researchers, practitioners, and funders is the development of empirical tools to measure the inherent worth of nonprofit organizations as well as the sector as a whole. Renowned scholars present chapters on the state of the art of performance measurement in the nonprofit sector and seek to establish a framework for a long-term research agenda to identify, quantify, and self-assess those qualities that make the nonprofit sector unique.

Introductionp. 1
Measuring the Contributions of the Nonprofit Sectorp. 3
The Growing Importance of Measuring Impactp. 4
Line of Inquiryp. 6
Common Terminologyp. 8
Organization of the Volumep. 9
The Challenges and Opportunities of Measuringp. 13
Conclusions and Next Stepsp. 14
Concerns of Measurement and Evaluationp. 17
Measuring Failure to Find Successp. 21
Better Pain Receptorsp. 22
Descent into the Underworld of Indicatorsp. 23
Conclusion: Formulating a Research Strategyp. 30
Challenges of Measuring Performance in Nonprofit Organizationsp. 33
Theoretical Perspectives on Organizational Effectivenessp. 34
Models of Organizational Effectivenessp. 37
State of Research on Effectiveness and Performance in Nonprofit Organizationsp. 39
Examples from the Fieldp. 44
Research Implicationsp. 52
Social Indicators for Assessing the Impact of the Independent, Not-for-Profit Sector of Societyp. 59
Social Indicators: Historical Developments and Current Statep. 60
Social Indicators for Assessing the Nonprofit Sectorp. 66
Civil Society and Governancep. 77
The Vicious Circle of the Constricting State as Viewed through the Failure of Executive Leadership in Anglo-American Democraciesp. 81
Introductionp. 81
The Crisis of Executive Leadership in a Wider Contextp. 83
Anglo-American Systems in the Age of Interventionist Governancep. 86
The Emergence of Neoliberalismp. 89
The Crisis of Executive Leadershipp. 93
Why Style has Supplanted Substance and Fueled the Shift to Neoliberalismp. 94
Toward Recasting Executive Leadershipp. 96
The Necessity for Studying Organizational Advocacy Comparativelyp. 103
Introductionp. 103
Toward an Operational Definition of Advocacyp. 105
The Difficulty of Identifying Advocacy-Oriented Nonprofit Organizationsp. 107
Advocacy Across the Nonprofit Sectorp. 109
Research Strategies for Studying Advocacyp. 116
Conclusionp. 119
The Distributional Impacts of Nonprofits and Philanthropyp. 123
Why Be Concerned about Distributional Consequences Now?p. 124
Information Gapsp. 125
How Are Distributional Issues Examined in the Public Sector?p. 126
Third Sector's Criteria for Assessing Distributional Consequencesp. 129
Typologies of Third-Sector Activitiesp. 130
Potential Indicators of the Distibutional Impacts of Nonprofitsp. 133
Data Series That Can Improve Our Measuresp. 134
Major Research Prioritiesp. 134
Conclusionp. 135
Can Public Life Be Regenerated?p. 137
Developing a Concept of Public Lifep. 138
Guesses About Structure and Functionp. 141
From What to Howp. 154
Measuring the Impact of Various Subsectors and Special Populationsp. 157
Women and Philanthropy: Charting a Research Agendap. 161
Introductionp. 161
Entering the Mainstream: Women's Studies, History, and Philanthropyp. 163
Interdisciplinary Issues: Philanthropy and Civil Societyp. 166
Scholarship and Practicep. 169
Future Research Needsp. 171
A Theory-of-Change Approach to Evaluating Investments in Public Educationp. 173
What Should a "Good" Evaluation Do?p. 174
The Theory of Change Evaluation Processp. 175
Conclusionp. 180
Measuring the Impact of Nonprofit Health Care Organizationsp. 185
The Nonprofit Health Care Sectorp. 185
Some General Observations About Measures in Health Carep. 187
Type of Measurmentp. 189
Evidence on Community Benefitsp. 194
Conclusionp. 197
Revealing the Implicit: Searching for Measures of the Impact of the Artsp. 199
A Multifaceted Challengep. 200
Two Categories of Informationp. 202
The Task Aheadp. 213
The Emerging Status of Outcome Measurement in the Nonprofit Human Service Sectorp. 217
Current Approaches to Measuring Outcomes: Selected Findingsp. 218
Common Indicators of Outputs and Outcomes: Potential and Limitationsp. 224
Indicators and Data Systems Required to Measure Outcomesp. 227
Important Research Questionsp. 228
The Religious Dimensions of Giving and Volunteeringp. 231
A Brief Overviewp. 232
Critical Assessmentp. 234
Suggestions for Futher Researchp. 240
Conclusionsp. 247
Measuring the Impact of the Nonprofit Sector on Society Is Probably Impossible but Possibly Useful: A Sociological Perspectivep. 249
Why Measuring the Impact of the Nonprofit Sector Is Probably Impossiblep. 251
Performance Indicators in For-Profit Firmsp. 253
Why Performance Assessment is Even Harder at the Sectoral Levelp. 254
Multiple Goals Just Make Things Worsep. 257
Bad Things Happen to Good Measuresp. 258
Why Measuring Impact Is Probably Usefulp. 264
Conclusionp. 269
An Agenda for Quantitative Evaluation of the Nonprofit Sector: Need, Obstacles, and Approachesp. 273
Measuring Outputs and Outcomes: Issues and Cautionsp. 275
Why Is it Important to Evaluate the Nonprofit Sector's Role?p. 276
Valuing Outputs and Outcomesp. 276
What Kinds of Evidence Are Needed for Evaluation?p. 280
How Does the Growth of the Nonprofit Sector Affect Other Parts of the Economy?p. 281
What Evidence Is There That Nonprofits Behave Differently from For-Profits and Government Organizations?p. 285
Policy Implications and Directions for Future Research on Measurementp. 287
Indexp. 291
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306465482
ISBN-10: 0306465485
Series: Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 299
Published: 31st January 2002
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.31
Weight (kg): 1.0