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Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology : 1920 to the Present - Benoit Godin

Measurement and Statistics on Science and Technology

1920 to the Present

Hardcover Published: 1st January 2005
ISBN: 9780415341042
Number Of Pages: 384

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How do we objectively measure scientific activities? What proportion of economic activities should a society devote to research and development? How can public-sector and private-sector research best be directed to achieve social goals?

Governments and researchers from industrial countries have been measuring science and technology for more than eighty years. This book provides the first comprehensive account of the attempts to measure science and technology activities in Western countries and the successes and shortcomings of statistical systems.

Godin guides readers through the historical moments that led to the development of statistics on science and technology and also examines the socio-political dynamics behind social measurement.

This enlightening account will be of interest to students and academics investigating science measurement as well as policy makers working in this burgeoning field.

Constructing Science and Technology Statistics
The Number Makers
Seventy Years of Science and Technology Statistics
Taking Demand Seriously
Nesti and the Role of National Statisticians
Defining Science and Technology
Is Research Always Systematic
Neglected Scientific Activities
The (Non) Measurement of Related Scientific Activities
What's So Difficult About International Statistics? Unesco and the Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities
Imagining New Measurements
The Emergence of Science and Technology Indicators
Why did Governments Supplement Statistics with the Indicators
Measuring Output
When Economics Drives Science and Technology Measurement
The Rise of Innovation Surveys
Measuring a Fuzzy Concept
Dealing with Methodological Problems
How Footnotes make for Doubtful Numbers Science and Technology Statistical Classifications
Tradition and Innovation
The Historical Contingency of Science and Technology Statistical Classifications
Using Science and Technology Statistics
The Most Cherished Indictor
Gross Domestic Expenditures on R&D (Gerd)
Technological Gaps
Between Quantitative Evidence and Qualitative Arguments
Highly Qualified Personnel
Should we Really Believe in Shortages?
Is There Basic Research Without Statistics?
Are Statistics Really Useful? Myths and Politics of Science and Technology Indicators
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415341042
ISBN-10: 0415341043
Series: Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 384
Published: 1st January 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.74
Edition Number: 1

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