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Meaning and Necessity : Phoenix Books - Rudolf Carnap

Meaning and Necessity

Phoenix Books

Paperback

Published: 1st January 1956
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"This book is valuable as expounding in full a theory of meaning that has its roots in the work of Frege and has been of the widest influence. . . . The chief virtue of the book is its systematic character. From Frege to Quine most philosophical logicians have restricted themselves by piecemeal and local assaults on the problems involved. The book is marked by a genial tolerance. Carnap sees himself as proposing conventions rather than asserting truths. However he provides plenty of matter for argument."--Anthony Quinton, "Hibbert Journal
"

The Method of Extension and Intension
Preliminary Explanations
L-Concepts
Equivalence and L-Equivalence
Classes and Properties
Extensions and Intensions
Extensions and Intensions of Sentences
Individual Descriptions
Frege's Method for Descriptions
Extensions and Intensions of Individual Expressions
Variables
Extensional and Intensional Contexts
The Principles of Interchangeability
Sentences about Beliefs
Intensional Structure
Applications of the Concept of Intensional Structure
Lewis' Method of Meaning Analysis
L-Determinacy
L-Determinate Designators
The Problem of L-Determinacy of Individual Expressions
Definition of L-Determinacy of Individual Expressions
L-Determinacy of Predicators
Logical and Descriptive Signs
L-Determinate Intensions
Reduction of Extensions to Intensions
The Method of the Name-Relation
The Name-Relation
An Ambiguity in the Method of the Name-Relation
The Unnecessary Duplication of Names
Names of Classes
Frege's Distinction between Nominatum and Sense
Nominatum and Sense: Extension and Intension
The Disadvantages of Frege's Method
The Antinomy of the Name-Relation
Solutions of the Antinomy
On Metalanguages for Semantics
The Problem of a Reduction of the Entities
The Neutral Metalanguage M'
M' Is Not Poorer than M
Neutral Variables in M'
On the Formulation of Semantics in the Neutral Metalanguage M'
On the Possibility of an Extensional Metalanguage for Semantics
On the Logic of Modalities
Logical Modalities
Modalities and Variables
Semantical Rules for the Modal System S
Modalities in the Word Language
Modalities and Variables in the Word Language
Quine on Modalities
Conclusions Supplement
Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology
Meaning of Postulates
On Belief-Sentences. Reply to Alonzo Church
Meaning and Synonymy in Natural Languages
On Some Concepts of Pragmatics
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226093475
ISBN-10: 0226093476
Series: Phoenix Books
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 1st January 1956
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.33
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised