In a review written in 1979, I noted that there was a paucity of research examining the effects of maternal employment on the infant and young child and also that longitudinal studies of the effects of maternal em ployment were needed (Hoffman, 1979). In the last 10 years, there has been a flurry of research activity focused on the mother's employment during the child's early years, and much of this work has been longi tudinal. All of the studies reported in this volume are at least short-term longitudinal studies, and most of them examine the effects of maternal employment during the early years. The increased focus on maternal employment during infancy is not a response to the mandate of that review but rather reflects the new employment patterns in the United States. In March 1985, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that 49.4% of married women with children less than a year old were employed outside the home (Hayghe, 1986). This figure is up from 39% in 1980 and more than double the rate in 1970. By now, most mothers of children under 3 are in the labor force.
I. Introduction.- 1 Maternal Employment and Children's Development: An Introduction to the Issues.- II. Longitudinal Studies.- 2 Maternal Employment, Family Environment, and Children's Development: Infancy through the School Years.- 3 The Influences of Maternal Employment across Life: The New York Longitudinal Study.- 4 Maternal Employment and the Transition to Parenthood.- 5 Maternal Employment When Children Are Toddlers and Kindergartners.- 6 Maternal Employment and Sex Typing in Early Adolescence: Contemporaneous and Longitudinal Relations.- 7 Maternal Separation Anxiety: Its Role in the Balance of Employment and Motherhood in Mothers of Infants.- III. Maternal Employment: Integration of Findings, Corporate Applications, and Social Policies.- 8 Balancing Work and Family Lives: Research and Corporate Applications.- 9 Maternal Employment and Children's Development: An Integration of Longitudinal Findings with Implications for Social Policy.
Series: Springer Studies in Work and Industry
Number Of Pages: 292
Published: 31st July 1988
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 1.38