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Maternal and Child Health : Programs, Problems, and Policy in Public Health - Jonathan B. Kotch

Maternal and Child Health

Programs, Problems, and Policy in Public Health

Hardcover Published: 19th April 2005
ISBN: 9780763731717
Number Of Pages: 704

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This outstanding introductory text provides an overview of the issues and extent of maternal and child health services. This thorough revision covers important new topics such as the epidemic of obesity, the consequences of the implementation of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), efforts to reduce mother-tochild transmission of AIDS, new immunizations for child safety improvements, and more.

Contributorsp. ix
Forewordp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
Foundations of Maternal and Child Healthp. 1
Children's Rights, Distributive Justice, and Advocacy in Maternal and Child Healthp. 3
Introductionp. 3
Rightsp. 4
Theories of Justicep. 9
Child Advocacyp. 11
The Futurep. 17
Referencesp. 19
Historical Foundations of Maternal and Child Healthp. 23
Introductionp. 23
Origins of Governmental Participation in the Care of Mothers and Childrenp. 24
The Emergence of the Federal Government in Community Assessment, Policy Development, and Assurance for Mothers and Childrenp. 32
Social Activism, Equity, and the Development of Maternal and Child Health Policy in the 1960sp. 35
Redefining the Roles of Statesp. 41
Conclusionp. 51
Referencesp. 52
Families and Healthp. 57
Introductionp. 57
Family Trends in the Historical Contextp. 58
Community Servicesp. 75
Conclusionp. 82
Referencesp. 84
Determinants of Health and Health Services: The Developmental Cyclep. 89
Family Planningp. 91
Introductionp. 91
Backgroundp. 92
Supportive Rationalep. 93
Social and Political Contextp. 96
Methods of Family Planningp. 99
Family Planning Providersp. 104
Needs and Prospectsp. 106
Referencesp. 109
Mothers and Infantsp. 113
Introductionp. 113
Outcomesp. 114
Reproductive Riskp. 126
Interventionsp. 131
Outstanding Concernsp. 147
Referencesp. 154
The Child from 1 to 4: The Toddler and Preschool Yearsp. 159
Introductionp. 159
Demographicsp. 160
Health Statusp. 164
Health Care Accessp. 173
Programsp. 174
Outstanding Issuesp. 185
Conclusionp. 192
Referencesp. 193
The School-Age Childp. 203
Introductionp. 203
Demographicsp. 204
Health Statusp. 205
Epidemiology of Major Health Problemsp. 206
Health Care Access and Usep. 213
Outstanding Issuesp. 221
Conclusionp. 235
Referencesp. 235
Improving Adolescent Healthp. 243
Introductionp. 243
Adolescence in the 21st Centuryp. 245
Adolescent Health Statusp. 255
Themes for Improving Adolescent Healthp. 266
Public Health Programs for Adolescentsp. 271
Future Directionsp. 286
Referencesp. 287
Crosscutting Issuesp. 297
Disparities in Maternal and Child Health in the United Statesp. 299
Introductionp. 299
Changing Demographicsp. 303
Health Status of Minority Groupsp. 308
HIV Infection and AIDSp. 315
Chronic Diseasesp. 319
Risk Factor Contribution to Health Status Differentialsp. 320
Homelessnessp. 324
The Debate Surrounding the Collection of Racial and Ethnic Datap. 325
Implications for MCH Policy, Practice, Research, and Trainingp. 333
Conclusionp. 337
Referencesp. 337
Womens Health: A Life Cyclep. 347
Introductionp. 347
The Women's Health Movementp. 350
Women's Health: A Life Cyclep. 360
Final Thoughtsp. 375
Referencesp. 376
Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needsp. 385
Introductionp. 385
Evolution of Public Policy: Legislative Historyp. 386
Epidemiology of Special Health Care Needs Among US Childrenp. 391
Minority Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needsp. 396
Mental Healthp. 400
Great Smoky Mountain Study of Youthp. 402
Systems of Carep. 405
Transition for Youth with Special Needsp. 406
Civil Rights for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needsp. 407
Financing Carep. 408
Conclusionp. 410
Referencesp. 411
Issues in Maternal and Child Health Nutritionp. 417
Introductionp. 417
Three MCH Nutrition Issuesp. 419
Policies and Programsp. 439
The Social Process Model: An Applicationp. 450
Referencesp. 457
International Maternal and Child Healthp. 463
Introductionp. 463
Background and Historical Contextp. 464
The Millennium Development Goalsp. 466
Global MCH Program Strategiesp. 467
The State of Global MCHp. 468
Maternal Healthp. 469
Child Healthp. 474
International Reproductive Healthp. 478
HIV/AIDSp. 481
Inequalities in International MCHp. 484
Conclusionsp. 486
Referencesp. 487
Maternal and Child Health Skillsp. 491
Research Issues in Maternal and Child Healthp. 493
Research in Maternal and Child Healthp. 493
Fundamental Concepts of Science and Researchp. 498
Building Blocks of Researchp. 502
Types of Researchp. 504
Data: Types and Sourcesp. 511
Bias and Threats to Valid Interpretation of Data and Resultsp. 515
Ethicsp. 523
Reviewing the Literaturep. 524
Conclusionp. 528
Referencesp. 529
Planning Maternal and Child Health Programsp. 535
Introductionp. 535
Assessment of Health Problemsp. 539
Health Services Needs Assessmentp. 550
Development and Selection of Interventionsp. 556
Setting Objectivesp. 563
Programming and Implementationp. 567
Evaluationp. 576
Conclusionp. 576
Referencesp. 577
Maternal and Child Health Program Monitoring and Performance Appraisalp. 583
Introductionp. 583
Measuring Performancep. 585
Program Monitoringp. 598
Performance Appraisalp. 605
Conclusionp. 619
Referencesp. 620
The Practice of Evaluation Research in Maternal and Child Healthp. 625
Introductionp. 625
Context for the Practice of MCH Evaluation Researchp. 626
Content Focus, Purpose, Types, and Proceduresp. 627
Conclusionp. 645
Referencesp. 646
Advocacy and Policy Development in Maternal and Child Healthp. 651
Introductionp. 651
What Is Advocacy?p. 652
Why Is Advocacy Important in MCH?p. 653
Who Are Advocates? Who Can Be an Advocate?p. 655
Where Are Advocacy Efforts Directed?p. 658
How Is Advocacy Conducted? How Can Advocacy Be More Successful?p. 661
How Does Advocacy Relate to the Policy Development Process?p. 665
Conclusionp. 667
Referencesp. 668
Websites for Further Informationp. 669
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ISBN: 9780763731717
ISBN-10: 0763731714
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 704
Published: 19th April 2005
Publisher: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 15.9  x 4.06
Weight (kg): 1.09
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised