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Materials Syntheses : A Practical Guide - Ulrich Schubert

Materials Syntheses

A Practical Guide

By: Ulrich Schubert (Editor), Nicola Husing (Editor), Richard M. Laine (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 2nd July 2008
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Materials syntheses are more complex than syntheses of inorganic or organic compounds. Materials synthesis protocols often suffer from unclarities, irreproducibility, lack in detail and lack in standards. The need to change this situation is the main motivation for this book. It collects a number of detailed protocols, ranging from organic polymers to carbonaceous and ceramic materials, from gels to porous and layered materials and from powders and nanoparticles to films.

Prefacep. 1
List of Contributorsp. 3
Controlling Size and Morphology of Zeolite Lp. 9
Large Zeolite L Crystalsp. 11
Medium-sized Disc-shaped Zeolite L Crystalsp. 13
Nano-sized Zeolite L Crystalsp. 15
Medium-sized Cylindrical-shaped Zeolite L Crystalsp. 16
Zeolite A and ZK-4p. 21
Zeolite A Crystalsp. 25
ZK-4 Crystalsp. 26
Nano-sized Zeolite A Crystals (Fig. 4)p. 27
Mesostructured Silica Thin Filmsp. 29
Preparation of the Coating Solp. 32
Film Depositionp. 33
Post Treatmentp. 33
Organically Modified Monolithic Silica Aerogelsp. 39
Preparation of 3-Methacryloxypropyl-substituted Silica Aerogelp. 41
Preparation of 2-Aminoethyl-3-aminopropyl-substituted Silica Aerogelp. 44
Porous Silica Gel by Acid Leaching of Metakaolinp. 47
Preparation of Metakaolinsp. 49
Preparation of the Acid-activated Solidsp. 49
Zirconia-Pillared Claysp. 53
Preparation of Zr-pillared Clays Using Zirconyl Chloride as Precursorp. 55
Preparation of Zr-pillared Clays Using Zirconium Acetate as Precursorp. 57
Montmorillonites with Mixed Aluminum-Lanthanide Oxide Pillarsp. 59
Preparation of the Pillaring Agentp. 60
Pillaring Processp. 61
Birnessite-type Manganese Oxide by Redox Precipitationp. 65
Redox Precipitationp. 67
Hydrothermal Treatmentp. 68
Templated Carbon from Pyrolysis of Pyrene in Pillared Clay Matricesp. 71
Preparation of Pillared Clayp. 73
Loading of the Pillared Clay with Organic Compoundsp. 74
Pyrolysis, and Removal of the Inorganic Matrixp. 75
Fiberous Carbon from Sepiolite Clay and Propylenep. 77
Preparation of Propylene-loaded Sepiolitep. 79
Pyrolysis and Dissolution of the Propylene-loaded Sepiolitep. 81
Aerosol Spray Synthesis of Porous Molybdenum Sulfide Powderp. 83
Preparation of Low-porosity MoS[subscript 2]p. 86
Preparation of Porous MoS[subscript 2]p. 86
Sonochemically Prepared Molybdenum Sulfidep. 89
Preparation in Glove Boxp. 91
Reaction in Fume Hoodp. 92
Product Isolationp. 92
Doped Manganitesp. 95
Preparation of La[subscript 0.5]Ba[subscript 0.5]MnO[subscript 3]p. 97
Preparation of La[subscript 0.5]Sr[subscript 0.5]MnO[subscript 3]p. 100
Lithium Manganese Oxide Prepared by Flux Methodsp. 103
Growth of LiMn[subscript 2]O[subscript 4] Spinel Single Crystals in a LiCl-Mn(NO[subscript 3])[subscript 2] Fluxp. 105
Growth of LiMn[subscript 2]O[subscript 4] Spinel Single Crystals in a LiCl-MnCl[subscript 2] Fluxp. 107
Nanoscale Magnesium Oxidep. 111
Nanostructured Pt-doped Tin Oxide Filmsp. 117
Preparation of Tetra(tert-butoxy)tinp. 119
Preparation of the Sol for Coatingp. 119
Film Deposition and Annealingp. 121
Organically Functionalized Silica Nanoparticlesp. 127
Synthesis of SiO[subscript 2] Nanoparticlesp. 129
Preparation of 2-[4-(Chloromethyl)phenyl]ethyltriethoxysilanep. 130
Functionalization of the Silica Particlesp. 130
Copper Nanoparticles in Silicap. 135
Sol-Gel Processing of Alkoxysilyl-substituted Metal Complexesp. 138
Oxidationp. 139
Reductionp. 140
Copper Nanocrystalsp. 143
Assembly of TOPO-Capped Silver Nanoparticles to Multilayered Filmsp. 149
Preparation of Silver Hydrosolsp. 151
Transfer of the Silver Nanoparticle Sol into Organic Solventsp. 151
Multilayered Film Synthesisp. 152
Colloidal Dispersion of Gold Nanoparticlesp. 155
Preparation of HAuCl[subscript 4 middle dot]3H[subscript 2]Op. 157
Preparation of Gold Nanoparticles Colloidal Suspensionp. 158
One-dimensional Nanorods and Nanowiresp. 163
Preparation of Gold Seedsp. 164
Preparation of Growth Solutionp. 164
Preparation of Gold Nanorods and Wiresp. 165
Monolithic Tin-doped Silica Glassp. 169
Sol Preparationp. 171
Sol-Gel Transition and Dryingp. 171
Thermal Treatment and Glass Formationp. 172
Sintering Process Ap. 172
Sintering Process Bp. 173
Octaphenyloctasilsesquioxane and Polyphenylsilsesquioxane for Nanocompositesp. 179
Synthesis of Phenyltriethoxysilane (PTES)p. 182
Synthesis of OPS and its Polymeric Analog PPS from PTESp. 182
Polysilsesquicarbodiimide Xerogelsp. 193
Polyaniline - A Conducting Polymerp. 199
Preparation of Polyaniline Hydrochloridep. 201
Preparation of Polyaniline Basep. 204
Allyl- and Hydroxytelechelic Poly(isobutylenes)p. 209
Syntheses of Allyl-telechelic PIB (1)p. 213
Syntheses of Hydroxyl-telechelic PIBs (2)p. 215
Symmetrically and Unsymmetrically Substituted Phthalocyaninesp. 217
Procedure Ap. 221
Procedure Bp. 223
Indexp. 227
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783211751244
ISBN-10: 3211751246
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 228
Published: 2nd July 2008
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: AT
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 0.53