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Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science - Asthana

Materials Processing and Manufacturing Science

By: Asthana

Hardcover

Published: 1st February 2006
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"Materials Science in Manufacturing" focuses on materials science and materials processing primarily for engineering and technology students preparing for careers in manufacturing. The text also serves as a useful reference on materials science for the practitioner engaged in manufacturing as well as the beginning graduate student.
Integrates theoretical understanding and current practices to provide a resource for students preparing for advanced study or career in industry. Also serves as a useful resource to the practitioner who works with diverse materials and processes, but is not a specialist in materials science. This book covers a wider range of materials and processes than is customary in the elementary materials science books.
This book covers a wider range of materials and processes than is customary in the elementary materials science books.
* Detailed explanations of theories, concepts, principles and practices of materials and processes of manufacturing through richly illustrated text
* Includes new topics such as nanomaterials and nanomanufacturing, not covered in most similar works
* Focuses on the interrelationship between Materials Science, Processing Science, and Manufacturing Technology

" ... contains many fundamental equations useful for a starting point in process development ... a good review ... will give the reader a good understanding of the many choices, advantages, and disadvantages or the manufacturing processes used on many types of materials." - IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

Materials Behaviorp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Process Innovation as Driver of Technological Growthp. 2
Single-Crystal Turbine Bladesp. 2
Copper Interconnects for Microelectronic Packagesp. 2
Tungsten Filament for Light Bulbsp. 3
Tailor-Welded Blanksp. 3
Atomic Bonding in Materialsp. 4
Crystal Structurep. 6
Defects in Crystalline Solidsp. 10
Annealingp. 14
Diffusion in Crystalline Solidsp. 17
Mechanical Behaviorp. 21
Strengthening of Metalsp. 26
Fracture Mechanicsp. 27
Fatiguep. 31
Creepp. 34
Deformation Processingp. 35
Heat Treatmentp. 35
Precipitation Hardeningp. 44
Thermal Propertiesp. 45
Electrical Propertiesp. 48
Dielectric and Magnetic Propertiesp. 50
Optical Propertiesp. 52
Casting and Solidificationp. 57
Casting Techniquesp. 57
Expendable-Mold Castingp. 58
Green Sand Castingp. 58
Thermal Considerationsp. 65
Dry Sand and Skin-Dried Moldsp. 69
Sodium Silicate-CO[subscript 2] Processp. 69
Vacuum Moldingp. 70
Shell-Moldingp. 71
Investment Castingp. 72
Lost-Foam Castingp. 74
Other Expendable Mold Processesp. 75
Multiple-Use Mold Castingp. 75
Permanent Mold Castingp. 75
Die Casting and Semisolid Castingp. 77
Squeeze Castingp. 83
Centrifugal Castingp. 86
Continuous Castingp. 86
Single-Crystal Casting and Directionally Solidified Structurep. 86
Fluidityp. 95
Melt Treatmentsp. 98
Metallic Foams and Gasarsp. 100
Melting Furnacesp. 102
Mold-Filling Timep. 102
Gate and Runner Area Calculationp. 105
Temperature Drop in Metal Flowp. 106
Riser Designp. 111
Naval Research Lab Methodp. 113
Riser Size Estimation Using Chvorinov's Rulep. 116
Solidification Ratep. 119
Sand Moldp. 119
Die Castingp. 122
Stages of Solidification-Nucleation and Growthp. 125
Nucleationp. 125
Homogeneous Nucleationp. 126
Heterogeneous Nucleationp. 130
Nucleation and Grain Refinementp. 133
Growth During Solidificationp. 134
Atomic Structure at the Solidification Interfacep. 134
Growth in Pure Metalsp. 137
Growth of Single-Phase Alloysp. 139
Constitutional Supercooling and Interface Instabilityp. 142
Eutectic Solidificationp. 146
Solidification of Industrial Castingsp. 149
Grain Structurep. 149
Segregationp. 151
Constrained Solidification in Small Regionsp. 153
Rapid Solidification and Metallic Glassp. 157
Weld Solidificationp. 158
Solidification Under Reduced Gravityp. 160
Interactions of Solidification Front with Insoluble Particlesp. 162
Powder Metallurgy and Ceramic Formingp. 167
Crystalline Ceramics and Glassesp. 167
Powder Metallurgyp. 172
Powder Productionp. 172
Solidification of Atomized Dropletsp. 174
Other Methods of Powder Manufacturep. 176
Particle Size and Shapep. 177
Powder Mixingp. 179
Powder Compactionp. 180
Dynamics of Powder Densificationp. 181
Isostatic Compaction and Hot Isostatic Compaction (HIP)p. 185
Analysis of Pressure Distribution in Uniaxial Compactionp. 185
Pressure Distribution in an Annular Cylinderp. 187
Powder Injection-Molding (PIM)p. 188
Rheological Considerations in Powder Injection-Moldingp. 191
Settling and Segregation in Powder Injection-Molding Slurriesp. 195
Sinteringp. 197
Mechanism of Sinteringp. 198
Other Considerations in Sinteringp. 203
Homogenizationp. 203
Coarseningp. 205
Ceramic Formingp. 207
Slip-Castingp. 207
Tape-Castingp. 213
Ceramic Extrusionp. 215
Electrolytic and Electrophoretic Depositionp. 216
Glass Formingp. 220
Pore Characterizationp. 224
Properties of Ceramicsp. 227
Mechanical Propertiesp. 227
Thermal Propertiesp. 232
Electrical and Electronic Propertiesp. 235
Oxidation and Corrosion Resistancep. 237
Bioceramics and Porous Ceramic Foamsp. 240
Joining of Ceramicsp. 241
Surface, Subsurface, and Interface Phenomenap. 247
Surface Forcesp. 248
Electrostatic Forcesp. 248
Van der Waals Forcesp. 250
Contact Angle, Surface Tension, and Young's Equationp. 251
Grain Boundaries in Polycrystalsp. 254
Three-Phase Equilibriump. 255
Microscopic Angles and Precursor Filmp. 257
Roughness and Chemical Inhomogeneityp. 257
Dynamic Contact Anglesp. 260
Immersion of Solids in Liquidsp. 264
Gas-Solid Attachment and Gas Stabilizationp. 268
Agglomerationp. 268
Capillary Flowp. 273
Capillary Pressurep. 273
Capillary Risep. 275
Wettability and Capillary Rise at High Temperaturesp. 280
Effect of Oxide on Liquidp. 280
Alloying and Surface Coatingsp. 282
Reactive Infiltrationp. 283
Reactive Penetrationp. 285
Capillary Flow with Unsteady Contact Angle and Pore Sizep. 286
Joiningp. 289
Adhesionp. 296
Capillarity in Miscellaneous Other Processesp. 298
Wear, Friction, and Lubricationp. 301
Corrosionp. 307
Coatings and Surface Engineeringp. 313
Design and Development of Coatingsp. 313
Surface Pretreatmentsp. 314
Coating Techniquesp. 316
Vapor-Phase Depositionp. 316
Nucleation and Growth in Vapor Condensationp. 320
Ion-Nitridingp. 324
Thermal Spray-Coatingp. 325
Physical Considerations in Thermal Sprayingp. 326
Structure, Properties, and Applications of Thermal Spray Coatingsp. 332
Electroplatingp. 338
Physical Considerationsp. 338
Plating Practicep. 339
Electroless Platingp. 343
Anodizingp. 345
Coatings on Powders and Fibersp. 348
Organic Coatings-Paints and Powdersp. 348
Powder Coatingsp. 351
Electrostatic Powder Sprayp. 351
Electrocoatingp. 352
Conversion Coatingsp. 353
Vitreous Ceramic Coatingsp. 353
Surface Hardeningp. 355
Selective Hardeningp. 355
Diffusion Hardeningp. 357
Laser Surface-Engineeringp. 361
Laser-Materials Interactionp. 361
Types of Lasersp. 362
Lasers as Surface-Engineering Toolsp. 363
Characteristics of Laser Surface Engineeringp. 364
Laser Surface Heatingp. 368
Laser Surface Meltingp. 372
Solidification Structurep. 374
Laser Surface Alloyingp. 377
Laser-Induced Ceramic Coatingp. 381
Laser-Claddingp. 382
Laser-Induced Combustion Synthesisp. 387
Laser Surface-Vaporizationp. 387
Laser Surface-Texturingp. 388
Laser Surface Cleaningp. 390
Laser Surface-Markingp. 391
Laser Surface-Shockingp. 391
Miscellaneous Laser Processesp. 391
Residual Stress State of Laser-Treated Surfacep. 392
Promise of Lasers in Surface-Engineeringp. 394
Composite Materialsp. 397
Definition and Classificationp. 397
Fibersp. 398
Glassp. 399
Boronp. 399
Carbon Fiberp. 400
Organic Fibersp. 402
Metallic Fibersp. 402
Ceramic Fibersp. 403
Interfacep. 406
Fiber Strengtheningp. 409
Polymer-Matrix Compositesp. 410
Matrixp. 410
Properties of Polymeric Matricesp. 414
Polymer Compositesp. 414
Ceramic-Matrix Compositesp. 418
Carbon-Carbon Compositesp. 423
Chemical Vapor Infiltrationp. 425
Metal-Matrix Compositesp. 429
Heat-Resistant Compositesp. 429
Dispersion-Strengthened Compositesp. 429
In Situ Compositesp. 433
Particulate and Fiber-Reinforced High-Temperature Alloysp. 436
Fabrication of Metal-Matrix Compositesp. 439
Solid-State Fabricationp. 440
Liquid-State Fabricationp. 445
Infiltrationp. 445
Reactive Infiltrationp. 448
Stirring Techniquesp. 453
Low-Cost Composites by Castingp. 455
Other Liquid-Phase Techniquesp. 457
Wettability and Bondingp. 458
Ni-Base Compositesp. 458
Propertiesp. 460
Interface Strengthp. 460
Fiber Strengthp. 467
Stiffness, Strength, and Ductilityp. 469
Fatigue and Fracture Toughnessp. 475
Other Propertiesp. 476
Creepp. 476
Vibration Dampingp. 477
Wear and Frictionp. 477
Thermal Propertiesp. 480
Thermal Fatiguep. 482
Oxidation Resistancep. 483
Semiconductor Manufacturingp. 485
Introductionp. 485
Integrated Circuit Applications and Marketp. 485
Feature Size and Wafer Sizep. 486
Technology Trendsp. 489
Fundamentals of Semiconductorsp. 489
Crystal Structure of Siliconp. 489
Energy Band Theoryp. 493
The Fermi Levelp. 495
Intrinsic Semiconductorp. 495
Extrinsic Semiconductorp. 497
Dopant Concentration and Conductivityp. 498
Diodesp. 498
Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT)p. 500
Metal Oxide Field Effect Transistors (MOSFET)p. 503
Crystal Growth and Wafer Preparationp. 504
Czokhralski Methodp. 505
Floating-Zone Methodp. 506
Defectsp. 507
Wafer Preparationp. 510
Initial Stepsp. 510
Wafer Slicingp. 510
Postslicing Polishing and Cleaningp. 511
Oxidationp. 512
Properties of Silicon Dioxidep. 512
Oxidation Techniquesp. 512
Oxidation Furnaces and Factors Affecting Oxide Growthp. 514
Characterization of Oxide Filmsp. 515
Simulationp. 517
Diffusionp. 517
Fick's Diffusion Equationsp. 518
Constant Source Diffusionp. 519
Limited Source Diffusionp. 519
Diffusion Coefficientp. 520
Concentration-Dependent Diffusionp. 520
Lateral Diffusionp. 521
Junction Depthp. 521
Sheet Resistancep. 521
Simulationp. 522
Ion Implantationp. 522
Ion Implanterp. 522
Channelingp. 523
Implantation Damagep. 524
Annealingp. 524
Rapid Thermal Annealingp. 524
Photolithographyp. 524
Introductionp. 524
Optical Lithographyp. 526
The Clean Roomp. 526
The Pattern Transfer Processp. 527
Exposure Systemsp. 530
Masks and Resistsp. 532
Thin Film Depositionp. 532
Vacuum Deposition Techniquesp. 532
Physical Vapor Depositionp. 532
Evaporationp. 533
Sputteringp. 534
Reactive Sputteringp. 535
Radio Frequency (RF) Sputteringp. 535
Magnetron Sputteringp. 535
Collimated Sputteringp. 535
Ionized Magnetron Sputteringp. 536
Chemical Vapor Depositionp. 536
Epitaxyp. 537
Molecular Beam Epitaxyp. 537
Nonvacuum Deposition Techniquesp. 537
Chemical Bath Depositionp. 537
Spin-On Depositionp. 538
Etchingp. 538
Introductionp. 538
Etching Typesp. 538
Wet Etchingp. 538
Dry Etchingp. 539
Ion Beam Millingp. 539
Plasma Etchingp. 540
Reactive Ion Etchingp. 540
Metallizationp. 540
Ohmic Contactsp. 540
Metals and Alloysp. 541
Junction Spikingp. 541
Electromigrationp. 542
Copper Metallizationp. 542
Damascene Technologyp. 543
Chemical Mechanical Polishing (CMP)p. 544
Silicidep. 544
Packagingp. 546
Traditional Packagingp. 546
Advanced Packagingp. 547
Yield and Reliabilityp. 548
Yieldp. 548
Processing Effectsp. 548
Circuit Sensitivitiesp. 548
Point Defectsp. 549
Reliabilityp. 549
Nanomaterials and nanomanufacturingp. 551
Introductionp. 551
Nanotubes, Nanoparticles, and Nanowiresp. 552
Methods Using Solid Precursorsp. 554
Inert Gas Condensationp. 554
Pulsed Laser Ablationp. 555
Ion Sputteringp. 557
Methods Using Liquid or Vapor Precursorp. 557
Chemical Vapor Synthesisp. 557
Laser Pyrolysisp. 557
Synthesis of Nanoparticles by a Chemical Methodsp. 557
Nanoparticles: Biomedical Applicationsp. 558
Tissue Engineeringp. 560
Manipulation of Cells and Biomoleculesp. 561
Protein Detectionp. 562
Cancer Therapyp. 562
Semiconductor Nanowiresp. 563
General Synthetic Strategiesp. 563
Fabrication of Semiconductor Nanowiresp. 565
Fabrication of Metal Nanowiresp. 569
Electrochemical Fabrication of Metal Nanowiresp. 571
Negative Template Methodsp. 571
Anodic porous Aluminap. 572
Fabrication of Metal Nanowiresp. 573
Positive Template Methodp. 575
Carbon Nanotube Templatep. 575
DNA Templatep. 575
Polymer Templatesp. 576
Applications of the Nanowiresp. 579
Magnetic Materials and Devicesp. 579
Optical Applicationsp. 580
Biological Assaysp. 580
Chemical Sensorsp. 581
Carbon Nanotubesp. 581
Structure of the Carbon Nanotubep. 583
Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubesp. 585
Growth Mechanisms of Carbon Nanotubesp. 587
Carbon Nanotube Composite Materialsp. 588
Polymer NanoCompositesp. 590
Ceramic NanoCompositesp. 591
Ceramic Nanotube Composite Systemsp. 593
Ceramic-Coated MWNTs and SWNTsp. 594
Conductive Ceramicsp. 595
Nanostructured Metals and Metal Compositesp. 595
Solid-State Powder-Based Processingp. 596
Liquid-Phase Processingp. 597
Surface, Interface, Nucleation and Reactivityp. 599
Agglomeration, Dispersion and Sedimentationp. 601
Propertiesp. 602
Strength and Modulusp. 602
Nanotribologyp. 603
Carbon Nanotubes: Biosensor Applicationsp. 603
FET-Based Biosensorsp. 604
Aligned Nanoelectrode Array-Based Electronic Chipsp. 605
Indexp. 615
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780750677165
ISBN-10: 0750677163
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 628
Published: 1st February 2006
Publisher: ACADEMIC PR INC
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 26.57 x 19.1  x 3.35
Weight (kg): 1.54