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Materials and the Designer - E. H. Cornish

Materials and the Designer

Paperback

Published: 1st April 1991
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This book introduces the reader to methods of selecting materials for engineering applications. With the rapid growth in the variety of manufacturing materials available, the choice of the optimum material for an engineering design is of increasing importance and difficulty. Materials have to be chosen that satisfy several, often conflicting, criteria including strength, durability, flammability, and cost. The author, an acknowledged expert on materials, provides a guide to many of the classes of engineering materials currently available. He includes tables and lists of standards, along with lists of consultants' addresses and references. Materials covered include metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites, and there are chapters on surface finishes, materials' performance, and the impact of manufacturing processes on design possibilities.

"Provides materials selection personnel with the background necessary to understand the advice experts may give to carefully framed questions." The New York Public Library "...contains a wealth of fundamentals which materials engineers and technologists will find invaluable." SAMPE Journal

Prefacep. x
Introductionp. 1
The need to knowp. 1
The product in its environmentp. 2
The materials cyclep. 3
The role of processingp. 4
Materials' structuresp. 5
Selecting materialsp. 6
The impact of design on manufacturing industryp. 7
The role of design in product manufacturingp. 7
The designer's contribution to the requirements of industryp. 11
Management functions associated with designp. 14
Design activity in a Companyp. 15
The designer as a focus of knowledgep. 17
Attributes of good product designp. 19
Materials as a factor in designp. 21
Expertise required for the design processp. 23
The importance of mechanical designp. 23
Cost-effective materials and manufacturing processesp. 24
The challenge of materials selectionp. 25
Materials aspects of designp. 27
Data bases and computer aids for materials selectionp. 31
An introduction to materialsp. 34
Properties and performance limitationsp. 38
Salient features of main classes of materialsp. 43
Properties of metals and alloysp. 55
Aspects of selecting metalsp. 59
Characteristics of specific metalsp. 67
Weldingp. 73
Machiningp. 74
Surface conversionp. 78
Properties of ceramicsp. 79
General characteristicsp. 79
Varieties availablep. 80
Comparative propertiesp. 82
Data on some specific ceramicsp. 85
New developments in ceramics and glassp. 87
Fabrication processesp. 89
Design factorsp. 90
Properties of polymersp. 91
Types and varieties availablep. 93
Elastomersp. 95
Cellular materialsp. 96
Plastic filmp. 97
Costs relative to other materialsp. 97
General properties of plastic materialsp. 99
Some specific aspects of plasticsp. 105
Fabrication routesp. 113
Some aspects of plastics selection and designp. 119
Some recent developments in polymersp. 122
Properties of compositesp. 124
Definition of composite typesp. 124
Reinforcements in common usep. 127
Advantages and limitations of compositesp. 129
Design considerationsp. 134
Production techniquesp. 137
Reinforced plasticsp. 139
Materials' performance in servicep. 143
Metalsp. 144
Ceramicsp. 148
Polymersp. 151
Compositesp. 161
Flammabilityp. 164
Finishes and coatings as protective systemsp. 182
Characteristics of surface coatingsp. 187
Selection of finishesp. 188
Finishes for modifying surfacesp. 193
Metal based surface layersp. 196
Ceramic finishesp. 204
Organic (paint) finishesp. 205
Materials reliability and service lifep. 208
Predicting service lifep. 208
Design decisionsp. 212
The lessons of failure in servicep. 213
Failure of materialsp. 214
Product qualityp. 216
Use of statisticsp. 218
Factors controlling the selection of substitute materialsp. 219
Materials are not totally interchangeablep. 219
Reasons for substitutionp. 220
Product improvementp. 223
Success and failurep. 224
Strategic materials and economicsp. 225
Effects on production processesp. 228
Material forming processes and designp. 230
Metalsp. 230
Polymersp. 235
Compositesp. 237
Ceramicsp. 238
Newer production possibilitiesp. 239
Sources of information on materialsp. 241
Introductionp. 241
Location of documentsp. 241
Published informationp. 242
Current researchp. 252
Further information sourcesp. 256
Materials suppliersp. 259
Standards and materialsp. 261
Types of standardsp. 261
Standards availablep. 262
Codes of Practicep. 263
References on Standardsp. 263
Referencesp. 265
Bibliographyp. 272
Indexp. 274
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521385800
ISBN-10: 0521385806
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 1st April 1991
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.7
Weight (kg): 0.44