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Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market : Sheffield Packaging Technology - Geoff A. Giles

Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market

Sheffield Packaging Technology

By: Geoff A. Giles (Editor), David R. Bain (Editor)

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Plastics packaging plays an increasing role in marketing, conveying, and protecting products in the fast moving consumer goods market. Plastics packaging is lightweight and tough, can be manufactured, filled and packed at high speed - contributing to reduced costs and the minimization of packaging in the supply chain. Designed as a practical handbook Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market covers the materials and development of plastics packaging for food, beverages, household, and personal care products. The book takes you through the opportunities and performance elements related to the use of plastics materials in packaging.
Topics range from environmental considerations and recycling, materials and development in this sector of the packaging industry, and barrier properties in relation to types of plastics. Dispensing and reclosing systems provide consumer convenience. Tamper-evident and child-resistant closures contribute to safety. At the end of their lifecycle, plastics pack can be disposed of safely by a number of environmentally acceptable options - mechanical recycling, chemical recycling or incineration with energy recovery. With the range of benefits available, it is not surprising that plastics are the materials of choice for many packaging applications. Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market gives you the information you need to make more informed choices in the selection and use of the available materials.

Technical and commercial considerationsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Propertiesp. 6
Testing and specificationp. 7
Marketing considerationsp. 8
Rigid packagingp. 9
Flexible packagingp. 10
Application areasp. 10
Stock keeping unit (SKU) mixp. 12
Costsp. 12
Support technologiesp. 13
Packaging without plastics--image, environmental issues and recyclingp. 13
Conclusionp. 14
Referencep. 15
Types of plastics materials, barrier properties and applicationsp. 16
Introductionp. 16
Commodity polymersp. 17
Polyesterp. 17
Polypropylenep. 19
Polyethylenep. 23
Polystyrenep. 25
Polyvinyl chloridep. 27
Barrier polymersp. 28
Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymerp. 28
Polyvinylidene chloridep. 29
Polyestersp. 30
Nylon MXD6p. 32
Other barrier polymersp. 33
Technical polymersp. 34
Olefin polymersp. 34
Thermoplastic elastomersp. 35
Polystyrene copolymersp. 36
Polyestersp. 37
Polyamidesp. 37
Other polymersp. 39
New and future developmentsp. 40
Single-site catalyst polymersp. 40
Barrier developmentsp. 42
Biodegradable polymersp. 45
Structural design, CAD/CAM, performance and finite element analysisp. 46
Introductionp. 46
Designp. 46
CAD/CAMp. 47
Computer assisted drawingp. 48
Computer assisted manufacturingp. 51
Finite element analysisp. 56
Further readingp. 58
Rapid prototyping and toolingp. 59
Overviewp. 59
Rapid prototypingp. 59
Concept modellingp. 60
Stereolithography (SL)p. 60
Selective laser sintering (SLS)p. 61
Laminated object manufacturing (LOM)p. 62
Fused deposition modelling (FDM)p. 63
Advantages of prototypesp. 64
Vacuum castingp. 64
RTV silicone tool preparationp. 64
Vacuum casting RTV polyurethanep. 66
Use of rapid prototyping in packagingp. 67
Keltool insertsp. 68
Introductionp. 68
History of Keltool insertsp. 68
Technology of Keltool insertsp. 68
Propertiesp. 69
Conclusionp. 69
Design and decoration formatsp. 70
The role of design in determining packaging form and decorationp. 70
Managing pack requirementsp. 70
The material selection processp. 72
Brands, product communication and the impact on packaging shapep. 74
Brands, products and packs never stand stillp. 76
Basicp. 77
Discriminatorp. 78
Energiserp. 78
Summaryp. 78
Referencesp. 78
Development of flexible plastics packagingp. 79
Introductionp. 79
Design criteriap. 81
Primary design criteriap. 81
Secondary design criteriap. 82
Basic properties of raw materials for flexible packagingp. 83
Case studiesp. 84
Frozen vegetable bagp. 84
Breakfast cereal linerp. 85
Tobacco carton overwrapp. 87
Biscuit roll wrapp. 88
Potato crisp bagp. 90
Confectionery countline flow wrapp. 93
Modified atmosphere tray and liddingp. 95
Soup sachetsp. 97
Shelf-stable pouch for ready mealsp. 99
The development processp. 102
In theoryp. 102
In practicep. 103
Summaryp. 103
Plastics in active packagingp. 105
Introductionp. 105
Overview of active packaging plasticsp. 105
Plastics with functional additivesp. 108
Removal of undesirable componentsp. 108
Absorbers of odours and food constituentsp. 111
Addition of desired componentsp. 113
Reactive polymersp. 115
Oxygen scavengingp. 115
Absorption of odours and food componentsp. 120
Antimicrobial surface generationp. 121
Physical property modificationp. 123
Plastics composite structuresp. 124
Absorption of waterp. 124
Conclusionsp. 127
Referencesp. 127
The changing image of plastics packaging in the marketplacep. 130
Introductionp. 130
The switch to plastics packagingp. 130
Costp. 132
The environmental agendap. 133
Barrierp. 133
Shapep. 134
Decorationp. 135
SDO (simplicity, diversity and opportunity)p. 136
The evolution of lifestyle productsp. 137
Global trends in plastics packagingp. 139
The application of flexiblesp. 139
The growth of PET bottlesp. 143
Plastics claiming to be an environmentally beneficial piece of packagingp. 145
The creative urgep. 146
Conclusionp. 151
Plastics packaging and the environmentp. 152
Introductionp. 152
Sustainable developmentp. 152
Plastics and sustainable developmentp. 154
Economic developmentp. 154
Social justicep. 154
Environmental protectionp. 155
Packaging as a conceptp. 157
Leveragep. 157
The anatomy of a dustbinp. 158
The situation without plastics packagingp. 158
Waste management (WM)p. 159
Preventionp. 160
Preventative designp. 160
Technological innovationp. 160
Packaging trendsp. 161
Impact of plastics packagingp. 162
Total resource savings in packaging through plastics usep. 164
Assumptionsp. 164
Plastics waste managementp. 165
Reusep. 165
Recycling of plasticsp. 165
Eco-efficiency modelp. 167
Waste management optionsp. 168
Life-cycle analyses (LCA)p. 169
Legislationp. 169
The Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive (PandPWD)p. 169
Markingp. 171
Essential requirementsp. 171
Legislation and the plastics industry approachp. 171
Conclusionsp. 174
Acknowledgementsp. 175
Bibliographyp. 176
Recycling and reuse of plastics packaging for the consumer marketp. 177
The legislative pressures for recyclingp. 177
The sustainability pressures on packagingp. 179
Plastics as a material of choicep. 180
Life-cycle analysisp. 181
Future legislationp. 181
Plastics packaging recycling in the consumer goods sectorp. 182
Recycling in the US and Japanp. 184
Plastics packaging reuse systemsp. 185
Consumers and reusablesp. 186
Plastics recycling technologyp. 188
Technical problems in mechanical recyclingp. 189
Feedstock recyclingp. 190
Mechanical recycling technologiesp. 190
Feedstock recycling technologiesp. 193
Solvolysis routesp. 194
Thermolysis routesp. 194
The German experiencep. 196
Use in blast furnacesp. 197
Other feedstock recycling developmentsp. 198
Polymer cracking processp. 198
Texaco gasification processp. 200
Degradabilityp. 200
Bibliographyp. 201
Analysis of polymer usage for plastics packaging in Western Europep. 203
Introductionp. 203
Trends in total demand for packaging polymers in all Western Europep. 203
Drinksp. 204
Non-foodsp. 205
Fresh foodsp. 205
Processed foodsp. 205
Total polymer demand in consumer goods markets--Western European countriesp. 206
Polymer demand for flexible packaging in consumer goods markets--Western European countriesp. 207
PEp. 208
PPp. 208
Other polymersp. 209
Polymer demand for thin-walled plastic containers in consumer goods markets--Western European countriesp. 209
PPp. 209
PSp. 210
Other polymersp. 210
Polymer demand for blown plastic containers in consumer goods markets--Western European countriesp. 211
HDPEp. 211
PETp. 211
PPp. 211
Other polymersp. 211
PE demand for liquid packaging cartons in consumer goods markets--Western European countriesp. 213
Polymer demand for plastics closures in consumer goods markets--Western European countriesp. 213
PPp. 214
HDPEp. 214
Total polymer demand in industrial markets--Western European countriesp. 215
Polymer demand for flexible transit packaging in industrial markets--Western European countriesp. 215
Polymer demand for rigid plastics containers in industrial markets--Western European countriesp. 215
List of Polymersp. 217
Indexp. 218
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780849305078
ISBN-10: 0849305071
Series: Sheffield Packaging Technology
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 8th January 2001
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.64
Edition Number: 1