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Marine Turbulence : Theories, Observations, and Models - Helmut Z. Baumert

Marine Turbulence

Theories, Observations, and Models

By: Helmut Z. Baumert (Editor), John Simpson (Editor), Jurgen Sundermann (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 4th April 2005
ISBN: 9780521837897
Number Of Pages: 652

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The first book to give a comprehensive overview of measurement techniques and theories for marine turbulence and mixing processes. Part I introduces the nature of turbulence in relation to stratification, waves and intermittence. Part II describes observational techniques for field studies. Part III presents selected computational means for the study of turbulence. Part IV introduces details of boundary layers. Parts V and VI present case studies in estuaries, fjords, lakes, seas and at the shelf edge. Part VII bridges the small-scale 3D turbulence and quasi-2D turbulence occurring on the planetary scale. Part VIII concludes with an overview of comprehensive data sets and model codes, many of which are included on the enclosed CD-ROM. Written by a team of 53 world-leading experts, Marine Turbulence represents a rich source of data and methods for students and scientists in oceanography, hydrology, limnology, and meteorology, as well as marine, naval and civil engineers.

Foreword
Preface
On the Physics of Turbulence
Prologue
Turbulence: its origin and structure
Homogeneous stratified shear layers
Spatially non-uniform turbulence
High-Re turbulence as a vortex gas
A spectral closure model
Intermittency
Horizontal mixing processes
Epilogue
Observational Methods
Prologue
Turbulence profilers
Microstructure sensors
A new fluorescence sensor
Dissipation measurement: theory
Acoustic Doppler techniques
Tracer methods
Other methods
Epilogue
Numerical and Computational Methods
Prologue
DNS and LES
Data assimilation
Generalised two-equation model
Selected approximation problems
Random walk
GOTM modelling system
Coupling GOTM with 3D models Manuel
Epilogue
Boundary Layers
Prologue
Oceanic mixed layer
Near-surface boundary layer
Turbulence and breaking waves
Langmuir circulation
Steady and oscillating boundary layers, wave-current interaction, effect of sediment, summary and conclusions
Equatorial turbulence
Rotating convection
Epilogue
Estuaries, Fjords and Lakes
Prologue
Turbulence in a swift tidal channel with weak stratification
Turbulence measurements in a partially mixed estuary: the Hudson River
Turbulence measurements in highly stratified estuaries
Turbulence measurements in fjords
Turbulence and mixing regimes specific to lakes
Epilogue
Shelf Seas and the Shelf Edge
Prologue
Near-shore
The four shelf-sea regimes
The doubly-stratified regime: Baltic Sea
Shelf edge - internal waves
Epilogue
Shelf Seas and the Shelf Edge
Prologue
The 2D/3D conundrum
From mixing to geostrophy
Geostrophic eddies
Vortex dynamics and heat transport
Parameterisation of Q2D turbulence
Energy spectra and zonal flows
Vortex dynamics and b-plane turbulence
Zonal ocean currents
Passive scalars
Epilogue
Large-Scale Processes
Prologue
Model codes
Data sets
Epilogue
Bibliogaphy
The
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521837897
ISBN-10: 0521837898
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 652
Published: 4th April 2005
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 28.3 x 22.3  x 3.8
Weight (kg): 2.03