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Marine Mammal Sensory Systems : The Language of Science - Ronald A. Kastelein

Marine Mammal Sensory Systems

The Language of Science

By: Ronald A. Kastelein (Editor), Alexander Ya Supin (Editor), Janette A. Thomas (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 1st March 1993
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This book is a collection of original research papers given at a symposium entitled "Sensory Systems and Behavior of Aquatic Mammals", hosted by the USSR Academy of Sciences. The meeting was held in Moscow from 16 to 25 October, 1991 and involved nearly 100 scientists from around the world. The major headings of the book correspond to the session topics at the symposium. This meeting was not the first dedicated to problems of sensory systems in aquatic mammals. Experts in this field met several times previously to discuss important problems of sensory functions in echolocating animals. symposia on biosonar systems were held in Frascati, Italy in 1966, then in Jersey, France in 1978, and in Helsingor, Denmark in 1986. Papers presented at these meetings were pUblished in books that advanced significantly the understanding of sensory systems (Busnel and Fish, 1980; Nachtigall and Moore, 1988). Initially, echolocating bats were the main subjects of consideration. However, studies on echolocating aquatic mammals, whales and dolphins, increased from one meeting to the next. Indeed, aquatic mammals are of exceptional interest for studying the adaptation of sensory functions for echolocation in specific aquatic environments. As a natural consequence of these developments, the 1989 symposium in Rome was devoted specifically to the sensory systems of cetaceans (Thomas and Kastelein, 1990). This symposium was held within the Fifth International Theriological Congress and was attended by many scientists.

Sensory Anatomy, Morphology, and Neurology
Morphological and Histochemical Features of Odontocete Visual Neocortex: Immunocytochemical Analysis of Pyramidal and NonPyramidal Populations of Neuronsp. 1
Fiber Analysis of the Optic and Cochlear Nerves of Small Cetaceansp. 39
The Cetacean Ear: Form, Frequency, and Evolutionp. 53
Structure, Function, and Adaptation of the Manatee Earp. 77
The Cornea as an Optical Element in the Cetacean Eyep. 97
Micromapping of the Fur Seal's Somatosensory Cerebral Cortexp. 107
Retinal Topography in the Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergence) and Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus)p. 119
Histological Characteristics and Distribution of Ganglion Cells In the Retinae of the Dall's Porpoise and Minke Whalep. 137
Functional Anatomy of the Nasal System in the Bottlenose Dolphinp. 147
Prenatal Development of the Peripheral Part of the Auditory System in Mammals of Different Ecologyp. 179
Auditory Brainstem Responses in the Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)p. 197
Auditory Sensitivity of a Chinese River Dolphin, Lipotes vexilliferp. 213
Periphery Auditory Analysis of Short Acoustic Pulses in Dolphinsp. 223
Mechanisms of Signal Discrimination and Identification in the Auditory System of Tursiops truncatusp. 235
Detection of Tone Glides by the Beluga Whalep. 241
Underwater Hearing in Seals: The Role of the Outer Earp. 249
Electrophysiological Study of the Interaural Intensity Difference and Interaural Time-Delay in Dolphinsp. 257
Electrophysiological Study of Sound Conduction in Dolphinsp. 269
Selective Hearing Adaptation to Paired Pulses in Tursiops truncatusp. 277
Frequency Resolving Power of The Auditory System in a Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)p. 287
Low-Frequency Phase Sensitivity in the Auditory System of a Dolphinp. 295
Echolocation Abilities
The Rate with which a Harbor Porpoise Uses Echolocation at Nightp. 299
The Line Segment Transform and Sequential Hypothesis Testing in Dolphin Echolocationp. 317
Target Sonar Discrimination Cuesp. 357
Role of Echolocation in Organization of Goal-Directed Behavior in Dolphinsp. 377
A Language to Describe the Structure of Pulsed Sounds in the Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus Montagu)p. 393
The Functioning of the Echolocation System of Tursiops truncatus during Noise Maskingp. 415
Possible Relationship between Oceanographic Conditions and Long-Range Target Detection by a False Killer Whalep. 421
Discrimination of Spherical Targets by a Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) in the Presence of Interfering Cylindersp. 433
Acoustic Communication and Behavior
Individual Signals of Belugas Associated with Hunting Behavior in the White Seap. 439
Underwater Acoustic Displays by Male Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina): Initial Resultsp. 449
Humpback Whale Song: Our Current Understandingp. 459
Airborne Acoustic Communication in the Hawaiian Monk Seal (Monachus schauinslandi)p. 485
Acoustic Signalling in Mother-Pup Reunions, Interspecies Bonding, and Affiliation by Kinship in California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus)p. 533
Seismic Communication in Northern Elephant Sealsp. 553
Stereotyped Signalization of the Bottlenose Dolphin: Role of Social Factorsp. 563
New Optical and Acoustic System to Study Perception and Motor-Control of a Tursiops truncatusp. 575
Multi-Scale Communication by Vertebratesp. 601
A Small Video Camera Attached to a Weddell Seal: A New Way to Observe Diving Behaviorp. 631
Combinatorial Relationships Learned by a Language-Trained Sea Lionp. 643
Cetacean Detection and Responses to Fishing Gearp. 663
Cognition and Decision-Making by a California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) in Visual Discrimination Testsp. 685
Effects of Adding Sounds to Cod Traps on the Probability of Collisions by Humpback Whalesp. 701
Echoic-Visual Cross-Modal Recognition by a Dolphinp. 709
Orientation of Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) and Minke Whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) to Acoustic Alarm Devices Designed to Reduce Entrapment in Fishing Gearp. 727
Bioacoustics: Standardization, Reference Levels and Data Notation for Underwater Sound Measurementsp. 741
Dolphin Detection and Conceptualization of Symmetryp. 753
Human-Marine Mammal Contact during Experimental Conditions: Modifications in Behavior of the Participantsp. 763
Indexp. 767
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306443510
ISBN-10: 0306443511
Series: The Language of Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 773
Published: 1st March 1993
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 2.23